Earth's atmosphere is a layer of gases that surround it, permitting life and protecting life by absorbing ultraviolet solar radiation, warming the surface by retaining the heat and mitigating the temperature difference between day and night.

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1answer
22 views

How do buoyancy control devices (BCD) work?

I get that having more air decreases density and increases buoyancy. However, we can take the diver-BCD-oxygen-tank to be a single system. How can the pumping of air from the tank into a vest around ...
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2answers
32 views

volume of the air bubble in the water

How does the depth affect the volume (the radius) of an air bubble in the water, if the temperature and density of the water are constant. Is there any relation combining this? Can I say that ...
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5answers
4k views

What makes water heavier than air?

I apologize in advance if this is too basic for this site. Considering that hydrogen is lighter then oxygen, and water is 2/3 hydrogen, and only 1/3 oxygen, and our "air" is comprised mainly of ...
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0answers
20 views

How to restict air flow without reducing pressure

I have a large volume of lightly pressurized air say 10000 cubic feet at 1 psi above atmospheric pressure. I want to move it to another area through a duct which is 20 in by 20 in. Airflow will be ...
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1answer
46 views

Is liquid “air” (nitrogen, oxygen, aragon mixture) flammable?

I was wondering if liquid "air" (nitrogen, oxygen, and argon mixture) was flammable. Imagine you have a container. This container contains liquid air. The air is in liquid form, and is in direct ...
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2answers
37 views

Objects and forces: air resistance

A force always works between two objects. When we are talking about air resistance acting on a skydiver for example, would air be considered the second objects besides the skydiver?
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0answers
33 views

Can 1km diameter ball of water preserve it's integrity before hitting the ground falling from 10km altitude?

I still argue with my friend over some big ball of water (1km in diameter) that is being instantly created 10km over the surface of the earth in perfect sphere form. I stated, that as it hit the Earth ...
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2answers
35 views

How does the pressure inside car tyre change once the car is lifted/ put back on the ground? [duplicate]

Imagine a car on a jack; how does the pressure change once the car is lifted (all wheels in air - not touching the ground). I'd be interested in knowing whether the pressure will increase or decrease ...
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2answers
70 views

Are raindrops actually “shaped like tears” when they fall?

Raindrops are always pictured like this, people imagine they have this shape when they fall, but is this true? Doesn't this shape create too much drag? What shape do they really have? It would also be ...
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0answers
41 views

When does $PV = const$ stop being true?

My problem is the following: a 15-liters cylinder contains air compressed at 370 bar. How many liter will flow out of the cylinder once uncompressed at 1 bar? I thought that I could use $PV = const$ ...
4
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1answer
34 views

Is single tree shadow locally affecting air temperature?

In other words, is the air temperature under a single tree different from a couple meters away, in a hot day and under the sun? There are several effects potentially interacting: Tree transpiration ...
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1answer
29 views

What is the effect of constant wind on a hot air balloon?

If a hot air balloon is being carried by a continuous wind current in a particular direction, in which direction will the flags on its basket wave?
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0answers
25 views

Why does individual N2 molecule rise when heated?

I get that hot air is less dense so it rises due to floatation and all, but what happens to one individual diatomic Nitrogen that it increases it's distance from ground? And why is it that the air is ...
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3answers
133 views

The speed of air rising through a heated tube

I would like to get an explanations of an observed physical phenomena. When a metal tube is placed vertically and heated and the air inside rises, the speed of the air moving through the tube ...
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0answers
12 views

Simulating pneumatic tools/devices?

I need to simulate an air compressor/pneumatic system for a train simulator. How do I find the pressure of an air tank after lots of things have used small portions of the compressed air? For ...
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4answers
266 views

Why does moving air have low pressure?

According to Wikipedia lift in an aircraft is due to an area of low pressure formed above the wings of an aircraft due to the fast moving air there. So why exactly is an area of low pressure created ...
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1answer
36 views

Creating airflow in a mini greenhouse [closed]

How do I create the best airflow for a mini victorian style greenhouse, that has a total volume of 80148.75 cm3? I leave the lid on top, which is a triangular prism in structure, open about 2.54 cm. I ...
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1answer
24 views

Atmospheric pressure

Whats the significanc of Atmospheric pressure being refereed as 100kPa ? Does that really mean 10000 kg/m2 acting upon us ? If we are measuring only collision force on the surface and not the weight ...
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1answer
170 views

Whirlwind/tornado/dust devil in the middle of nowhere

I live in area which have many properties similar to desert. Many times when I drive by I see a whirlwind/tornado/dust devil of sand or other garbage parts. I would like to ask how this was normally ...
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0answers
9 views

Does forcing air through ever expanding pockets cool it? [closed]

If 30c air is pulled apart then forced back together repeatedly under extraction would this result in a cooling of the air as the energy is lost through a process of constant change?. What kind of ...
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1answer
59 views

AIR PSI formula maybe

How would one figure out the maximum PSI (air only) a particular container may hold knowing only its dimensions? I understand the water formula. P=.434 x height I would like a formula for air ...
0
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1answer
16 views

can odorous VOCs be removed by an ionizing air purifier? [closed]

I am considering replacing my IQAir HealthPro 250 air purifier by an Electrolux EAP300. According to the marketers, the EAP300 has PlasmaWave(TM) technology that supposedly removes odours from the air ...
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0answers
23 views

how can VOC filters work given that atmosphere has 1800 ppb methane?

I have an IQAir HealthPro 250 air purifier that has a 2.5 kg activated charcoal volatile organic compound (VOC) filter. According to the manufacturer, the replacement interval is from 12 to 24 months. ...
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3answers
3k views

Air Regeneration in Closed Systems [closed]

I wonder what's the way to regenerate O2 in air without using consumable chemicals (where one can use electricity through electrolisis or using UV lamps)? We can dissolve water into O2 & H2, but ...
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2answers
121 views

About the real reason why paper doesn't fall in HALF-FILLED inverted cup [duplicate]

I just happen to see a show about air pressure host by Brian Cox. As the link:http://imgur.com/EsRadFi shows, he flipped a half-filled water cup upside down then the paper on cup doesn't drop: It ...
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0answers
27 views

Fluid Dynamics - How does air behave out a window?

I often smoke out a window, and I know that if you're driving a car, the passing air will affect the pressure inside and "suck" out the smoke for instance. But what if you're in a window pane? I have ...
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3answers
140 views

Air flow speed and penetration abilities

As I understand, two fans with the same diameter and with the same rotor speed(usually measured in RPM) can have different air pressure(usually measured in mmH2O) and air speed(usually measured in ...
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1answer
16 views

How much does humidity affect air expansion in a heated raft tube?

Whitewater rafts that are subject to the sun while off the water, and cold in the water, are subject to significant changes in pressure. In the water this can mean reduced performance due to lower ...
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1answer
25 views

Compute affect of a shower on density altitude

As a pilot I have a basic understanding of density altitude, how temperature affects the effective air pressure: I noticed recently that I have difficulty breathing when I take a shower in Santa ...
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7answers
1k views

How to keep a helium balloon between 1 to 5 meters above ground? (without it being tied)

I understand that helium balloons rise because their density is less than air, so they can rise up to a point where the air surrounding it has the same weight as the balloon. I was thinking to fill it ...
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1answer
1k views

Paper plane between two fans - is this possible?

The setup: two fans facing each other, distance around 1m. Both are turned on. In between them, place a simple paper plane and according to this video, it will fly. ...
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0answers
33 views

Turning an engine over with engine compression [closed]

When you compress a bicycle pump and seal the opening, the pump will automatically return to it's initial position when you release it. I suppose this is how air suspension works as well? if you ...
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0answers
69 views

Air flow through a tube

During a discussion, a friend explained to me that the volume of air flowing through a tube could be increased up to the point where the air reached supersonic velocity. Presumably the pressure ...
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0answers
12 views

equation related to room temperature and air conditioner temperature and flow rate? [closed]

i want to find and equation that related the air room temperature and air conditioner temperature and flow rate. i want to model a cooling system. the input to the room are air conditioner supply and ...
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0answers
49 views

Bottle cap burst phenomenon [closed]

There is a trick you can do with a simple plastic water bottle: After putting the cap on as tight as you can, you twist the body of the bottle a few times so that it compresses the air in the bottle. ...
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0answers
33 views

Lining up fans in a row

Im new to this website, and not extremely educated in the world of physics. I have a very basic (mostly high school, some college) understanding of physics. That being said, I work for the fire ...
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0answers
22 views

Can I induce draft in my chimney by heating the end of the pipe?

If I were to heat air surrounding the end of chimney cap outside could I create a difference in air pressure such that I could prevent backdraft?
4
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1answer
401 views

How does a hollow-point bullet move smoothly through the air, presenting a 'cup-shaped' nose instead of an actual sharp-point to the fluid?

Hollow-point rounds move smoothly through the air when presenting a 'hollow cup-shape' instead of a traditional 'sharp point' to the fluid air. Does this mean the air trapped, and at some assumed ...
2
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1answer
10k views

Sound - what happens with the particles when a wave passes

I'm having some problems in understanding the principles of sound propagation. The wave propagates though air (for example) exerts compression, which is followed by rarefaction. I think I got than ...
4
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2answers
333 views

Why does the vortex form in the von Karman Vortex Street?

Why does the vortex form in the von Karman Vortex Street? So far I have this for the reasoning: 'It occurs when a fluid flows around a cylindrical object. The pressure on a fluid particle rises to ...
2
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3answers
77 views

How does inhalation work?

In school, we learn that during inhalation, the diaphragm expands, causing air to get sucked into our lungs. You can feel this suction by putting your hand over your mouth while inhaling. Why is ...
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0answers
21 views

How do you calculate blower size needed for heat torch? [closed]

Known: Heater intake is 1/8", output is 1/4", pressure drop is ~8.3 psig at 5 CFM flow. Minimum SCFM is 1. The blower would need to put out a minimum of 1 SCFM and be variable above that to a max of ...
7
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2answers
2k views

How did Enrico Fermi calculate the classical Fermi Problem?

From Wikipedia: Fermi was known for his ability to make good approximate calculations with little or no actual data, hence the name. One example is his estimate of the strength of the atomic bomb ...
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1answer
20 views

Air Bearing pressure vs area [closed]

I'm interested in hovering 100 lbs. I'm interested in knowing what pressure of air and what surface area is needed and how they relate to each other.
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0answers
14 views

Generation of negative ions in air [duplicate]

What is the main physical mechanism behind the generation of negative ions in air by a high negative voltage electrode ?
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1answer
70 views

Pressure Calculation - Compressed Air Volume [closed]

I am trying to calculate the change in pressure in a closed pressure vessel that is being compressed. For the sake of simplicity we can consider this to be a syringe with a closed end that is being ...
13
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8answers
6k views

Does it take significantly more fuel to fly a heavier airplane?

I was reading in the papers how some-airline-or-the-other increased their prices for extra luggage, citing increased fuel costs. Now I'm a bit skeptical. Using the (wrong) Bernoulli-effect ...
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2answers
278 views

If I take a bottle of air into space, and open it, then close it and come back to earth and open it one last time, what would happen?

I was reading this post, but no one seem to go further as say what would happen if you brought the bottle back to Earth? Guess what another thing I'm wanting got know is, what would now be in the ...
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2answers
32 views

Why does rolling down opposite windows create a breeze?

If, while driving, I roll down both of the front windows an inch or two, it mainly creates some turbulence around the window. By symmetry we shouldn't really expect anything different. However, if I ...
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2answers
91 views

At what wind speed does wind chill's conductive cooling exactly cancel out the compressive heating of the air?

At relatively slow wind speeds such as 15mph, wind chill drains heat from an object as it flows past, and this conductive cooling effect seems to increase as the wind speed increases. However, at very ...