Earth's atmosphere is a layer of gases that surround it, permitting life and protecting life by absorbing ultraviolet solar radiation, warming the surface by retaining the heat and mitigating the temperature difference between day and night.

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How can Denver offer Hot Air Balloon rides?

So the air density in Denver is 1.0 kg/m^3. And heated air has the density of 0.95 kg/m^3. So adding the weight of the basket and balloon I don't understand how a hot air balloon could get off the ...
4
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4answers
2k views

Why the breath sometimes warm and sometimes cold? (2 different explanations!)

If you blow air against your hand with your mouth open, you feel warm breath. If you do with with your lips closed except for a small opening, you feel cold breath. One explanation from here says ...
3
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1answer
33 views

Why is my breath hot when i open my mouth all the way, but cold if I blow like a whistle? [duplicate]

I observed this as when I want to cool my soup I blow like a whistle and when I want to warm my hands I open my mouth more as my breath is warmer now.
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2answers
57 views

An equation to describe a process of heating one room using hotter air from another room

There are two rooms completly isolated from the outer world (a closed system, no heat losses). They are connected with each other through a ventilation tube. Temperature in room A is 32 degrees ...
11
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6answers
2k views

Why is air invisible?

I think that something is invisible if it's isolated particles are smaller than the wavelength of visible light. Is this correct? Why is air invisible? What about other gases and fumes which are ...
2
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1answer
29 views

Why does hot air rise?

Why does hot air rise? I did an experiment: I made a model of hot air and cool air with marshmallows and toothpicks. The hot air had more volume than the cold air. Then, I weighed it. They both ...
0
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0answers
28 views

Why does opening the sun roof at high speeds cause the air pressure to change inside?

When I'm driving at fairly high speeds (80mph for example), I've noticed that opening / closing the sun roof causes the air pressure inside to shift significantly, a change that I feel clearly in my ...
0
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0answers
15 views

how much air pressure can be varied (in dapa) when an empty syringe's plunger is pulled in and out?

I'm new to the forums so please guide me appropriately if this is the wrong place to ask this question. When the syringe plunger is puller out ,a negative pressure is created at the nozzle....Isn't ...
2
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1answer
937 views

How fast does water fall in the middle of a very very thick waterfall?

Let me create a very artificial experimental set up. Take a bathtub the size of Delaware and suspend it a mile above the ground. Fill it with water (though I'm not sure to what depth - and it might ...
1
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1answer
414 views

Pressure vs Volume Calculation for air

I have 1 litre of air in a sealed container at atmosphere pressure (approx 15 psi absolute). I want to reduce pressure in the container by 1 psi ( 14 psi absolute or -1 psig). If I understand ...
0
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3answers
75 views

What could be added to tap water to reduce air bubble formation on a submerged object?

Submerge your hand in a bucket of water. Some air bubbles appear immediately and others add to the surface of the hand over time. Is there anything that could be added to the water to reduce the ...
1
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3answers
107 views

Why do cold drinks get sweaty?

I drink a lot of iced tea and live in a very humid part of the country. My drink accumulates so much water, I had to purchase coasters to collect all the water dripping from the sides. Where does ...
0
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2answers
51 views

Relation between sound waves and air molecules

The following was written in my book When sound waves travel in air, air molecules do not move. When wind blows,air molecules move. This produces variation in velocity of sound waves. The first ...
23
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4answers
3k views

If air cannot conduct electricity, how can lightning happen?

If air cannot conduct electricity, how can lightning happen?
3
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1answer
171 views

How fast would an object have to move to create a vacuum behind it?

When an object moves, I assume that the air above it, instead of remaining at the same general height, is pulled downward as it is passed in order to fill the low-pressure area behind the object where ...
3
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1answer
53 views

How does a hollow-point bullet move smoothly through the air, presenting a 'cup-shaped' nose instead of an actual sharp-point to the fluid?

Hollow-point rounds move smoothly through the air when presenting a 'hollow cup-shape' instead of a traditional 'sharp point' to the fluid air. Does this mean the air trapped, and at some assumed ...
2
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1answer
63 views

Why I can't feel the difference of atmospheric pressure between a closed room and outside?

As far as I know atmospheric pressure is the result of the weight of earth's atmosphere. It has an approximate value of $10^5 Nm^{-2}$. Then why I can't feel it? My physics teacher told me that we are ...
5
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3answers
199 views

What is the difference between a puff of air and a sound wave regarding creation and propagation?

While watching a Schlieren video of a hand clapping, I noted a very distinct difference between a sound wave and a puff of air, which were both created by a hand clapping. What is the difference ...
2
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1answer
6k views

Sound - what happens with the particles when a wave passes

I'm having some problems in understanding the principles of sound propagation. The wave propagates though air (for example) exerts compression, which is followed by rarefaction. I think I got than ...
3
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2answers
562 views

What air pressure is needed on mars, to have fluid water?

The atmospheric pressure on the Martian surface averages 600 pascals (0.087 psi), about 0.6% of Earth's mean sea level pressure. There is a lot of frozen ice on mars, but it can't melt, because of ...
0
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2answers
37 views

Different sized pneumatic Pistons [closed]

If two different sized pneumatic pistons have the same amount of air pressure, will they exert the same amount of force? If not, would a bigger or smaller piston have more force? And an explanation ...
10
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5answers
4k views

Why does my door shut faster when the window is open?

I've noticed that if I shut my door when the window is open in a room, the door will tend to shut faster. If I shut the door when the window is closed with a normal force it will not fully close as if ...
3
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4answers
5k views

What is the difference between air pressure and atmospheric pressure?

I know that air pressure and temperature are inversely proportional. Now I saw in a book that "Atmospheric pressure decreases as we go higher and higher." But at greater heights the temperature ...
1
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0answers
36 views

unknown stresses in double-layer glass window

I live in cold place where outside temperature drops to -20. Currently, we have -20 and on my window, which is doubled layer glass with trapped air in between, I found a "polarized stress spectrum" ...
5
votes
1answer
932 views

What is the roaring in a roaring fire?

I was just starting a barbecue fire by blowing on the smouldering coals when I realised I had no idea what the sound was actually caused by. I can make the sound by blowing at almost any flame I can ...
0
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1answer
83 views

If I take a bottle of air into space, and open it, then close it and come back to earth and open it one last time, what would happen?

I was reading this post, but no one seem to go further as say what would happen if you brought the bottle back to Earth? Guess what another thing I'm wanting got know is, what would now be in the ...
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0answers
19 views

Loud, low-frequency “booming” sound in car [duplicate]

I drive a Scion XD, and I've noticed that whenever I drive at about 40mi/hr or so with just the back windows rolled down, I get a loud "booming" effect at roughly 10Hz. What causes this? I assume it ...
0
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4answers
96 views

Can the weight of a bird be measured, considering air friction? [duplicate]

Assume that a bird of mass 1.5 kg is held in a box at height 500m and this setup is placed on a weighing machine. Now, the bird starts to hover in the box pushing the air downwards, and is at a ...
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2answers
626 views

What will happen if a hairdryer is turned on in an air tight box?

I wanted to know what would happen if a hairdryer is turned on in an airtight box.
2
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1answer
127 views

Why does air feel cooler when blown through a small hole and warm through a big one? (for example from a mouth) [duplicate]

I hope the question is clear enough and I'm sure that you can try this thing quite easily yourself. When I blow air from my mouth to my palm through a small opening, I feel cool in my palm, but its ...
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2answers
60 views

Why Does Air Hold More Water When the Air is Warmer?

I know that when the temperature of the air rises, the maximum amount of Water it can hold before the water condenses to water droplets increases. But why is this - has it got something to do with ...
0
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2answers
33 views

About using screw in air compression and air Engine [closed]

I want to use screw to build compressed air engine, as following image As I designed, this screw rotate in a tube My Question is: How successful this idea? Note: If this question not related to ...
0
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1answer
47 views

Simple air resistance experiment

I have a paper plate, and I'm taping paper streamers to it. I have 0, 1, 2, 3, and 4 streamers. I tried to place the streamers at places equidistant from the next. 2mm are attached to the plate and ...
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1answer
32 views

Air Presure and Air Velocity from speaker

How do I determine/calculate the air pressure emitted from a speaker ? And how to determine the velocity of air from the sound air pressure ?
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2answers
2k views

Speed of a fly inside a car

A couple of weeks ago I was travelling in a car (120 km/h approximately) and I saw a fly flying in front of me (inside the car, near my nose, windows closed). I wonder how was that possible. Does it ...
1
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3answers
70 views

Would using a fan cause an air conditioning system to think it's cold?

Recently my office manager said this, after I requested a desk fan: ...using a fan causes a draught, which then leads the air conditioning to believe it’s cooler than it is and it then blows out ...
0
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0answers
12 views

Particle Velocity and Air Velocity

Is the any relationship (equation) between particle velocity and air velocity? Is it possible to determine the air velocity from particle velocity?
36
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6answers
3k views

How much air needs to be displaced to generate an audible sound?

I'm reading a book where in one scene a wizard/alchemist teleports a scroll after reading. He folded the parchment carefully and muttered a single cantrip. The note vanished with a small plop of ...
0
votes
3answers
57 views

How would filling a milk canister with helium affect the reading it makes on a scale?

Let's say that if I put a milk canister on a scale it shows 10kg. If I fill it with Helium it must necessarily be less than this, right? Can someone explain this (probably trivial) thing to me? :) ...
9
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3answers
2k views

Is it possible to make laser beams visible midair without smoke?

My question is: Is it possible to make laser beams viable midair without smoke? I thought it would be a great idea to have a (second) smartphone or pc screen without having a solid screen. The reason ...
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1answer
20 views

AIR PSI formula maybe

How would one figure out the maximum PSI (air only) a particular container may hold knowing only its dimensions? I understand the water formula. P=.434 x height I would like a formula for air ...
3
votes
2answers
56 views

air flow with line fans

I must vent air through an 8 inch duct from one area to another using an 8 inch line fan. One goal is to vent the maximum amount of air possible through the duct. Is there any different between ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Paper plane between two fans - is this possible?

The setup: two fans facing each other, distance around 1m. Both are turned on. In between them, place a simple paper plane and according to this video, it will fly. ...
2
votes
2answers
107 views

Could one make steel balloons? [duplicate]

Reading this question reminded me of an idea I once had, and I wonder whether it's feasible. Imagine a hollow ball made of something strong, like steel. Imagine there is nothing inside; only vacuum. ...
21
votes
8answers
6k views

Is it possible to create a parachute large enough to stop all velocity?

This idea came to me while playing Kerbal Space Program. I noticed that the larger my parachute was, the slower my rocket would fall back down to Kerbin. I would like to know if it is possible to ...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

HEPA vs. water filter in vacuum cleaning [closed]

What is the difference between air being filtered with HEPA or water? Which one performs better within a non-allergic home environment? Does water filter have a meaning still when common vacuum ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Calculate flow rate of air through a pressurized hole

I was wondering about this: If there is a pressurized container, like a tank of compressed air at some pressure that is greater than the ambient air pressure, and this tank of air has a hole in it, ...
29
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7answers
5k views

Is it possible to “cook” pasta at room temperature with low enough pressure?

It is known fact, that boiling point of water decreases by decreasing of pressure. So there is a pressure at which water boils at room temperature. Would it be possible to cook e.g. pasta at room ...
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1answer
190 views

how does air pressure affect the speed of sound

How does air pressure affect the speed of sound in relation to its kinetic theory etc? I have tried searching this but i have not found a suitable answer as other websites simply related to air ...
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1answer
78 views

Different density objects falling on Earth's atmosphere?

So I finally understood why 2 objects with different masses, free falling from the same distance reach Earth's surface at the same time (due to the objects Inertia). Now when the objects fall in the ...