Earth's atmosphere is a layer of gases that surround it, permitting life and protecting life by absorbing ultraviolet solar radiation, warming the surface by retaining the heat and mitigating the temperature difference between day and night.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

1
vote
2answers
18k views

Do salt lamps really produce negative ions?

Do salt lamps really produce negative ions? Do you know about any scientific study that could support this assertion or disprove it?
1
vote
3answers
1k views

Can smoke stay still in the air?

Can a small amount of smoke be dense enough to stay in the air keeping its shape for a minute or so? Or does it always dissipate quickly? If not smoke, can anything else stay in the air for a minute ...
1
vote
3answers
1k views

How could electromagnetic waves propagate through space although they have no electrons?

How could electric fields in these waves propagate through space although in space there's no electrons for the electric field to be formed? is there another type of charged particles that carry the ...
1
vote
2answers
222 views

What mechanisms exist for generating lift on a static object?

What mechanisms exist for generating lift on a static object? Condition is: Other than propellers I know that generating lift on a static object in a sense of anti-gravity for e.g. drone is not ...
1
vote
2answers
170 views

Why does letting air into a box of wine help the flow?

I've notied that when I get down to the last part of a box of wine, the flow slows to a trickle. If I open the nozzle, tilt the box back (letting air gurgle into the bladder) and then tilt it back ...
1
vote
3answers
4k views

Function of air conditioner

What i always thought that air conditioners blow the cool air without knowing that they actually take the warm air from indoor and from outdoor. But whats the point of taking air from indoor and ...
1
vote
3answers
4k views

How air humidity affects dry process of a washing?

I've noticed that during wet weather my washing does not want to dry. Is it because of lower temperature, or because of air humidity?
1
vote
3answers
171 views

Would using a fan cause an air conditioning system to think it's cold?

Recently my office manager said this, after I requested a desk fan: ...using a fan causes a draught, which then leads the air conditioning to believe it’s cooler than it is and it then blows out ...
1
vote
1answer
479 views

how does air pressure affect the speed of sound

How does air pressure affect the speed of sound in relation to its kinetic theory etc? I have tried searching this but i have not found a suitable answer as other websites simply related to air ...
1
vote
1answer
97 views

Pressure at the front and back of a fan

I have a fan which is inside a duct. When the fan is off, the pressure at the front and back of the blade remains the same. Now when it is running, the velocity of the air below will be more because ...
1
vote
1answer
309 views

How does air escape from a pneumatic tire?

Obviously, it is caused by the difference in pressure between the inside of the tire and its surrounding environment; but how specifically is the air escaping?
1
vote
2answers
477 views

Hot Air Balloons: how is the Lift related to environmental conditions?

I'd like to build a small hot air balloon big enough to carry 0.8kg (a camera). The first thing I need to know is: once I have a big enough plastic bag and a big enough source of fire, how much will ...
1
vote
1answer
824 views

Difference in vertical stratification of partial pressure due to gravity

Say you have a mixture of two ideal gases in the presence of gravity. There is a vertical pressure gradient on the mixture due to the force balance. This condition is required to prevent the entire ...
1
vote
1answer
104 views

How do we describe the relationship of balloon size and related lift?

We know that hydrogen and helium are lighter that air. Therefore it is certain that they would create a lifting force when enclosed in a balloon. How do we describe the relationship of balloon size ...
1
vote
1answer
22 views

Determining the final state of the gas in the tank

Suppose there is air of mass m1 in an insulated tank at temperature T1 and pressure P1. 0.25m1 of air is released through a valve attached to the tank. Find the final temperature, T2 and pressure ...
1
vote
1answer
54 views

/HVAC/ Air speed and influence on human body

I was wondering about three things: Wind chill effect. Human body perceives surrounding temperature as colder, with increasing air flow (chart). This is understandable, as thermal transfer "consists" ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

Is it possible to send modulated ultrasound wave from underwater to air?

Is it possible to send modulated ultrasound wave from underwater to air? In case of radio frequency it is refraction loss at the surface between water and air. Is it something similar for ultrasound ...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

Air Presure and Air Velocity from speaker

How do I determine/calculate the air pressure emitted from a speaker ? And how to determine the velocity of air from the sound air pressure ?
1
vote
1answer
32 views

Ostwald gas solubility for air-sea gas exchange of O2

The bubble-mediated component of the air-sea gas exchange can be parameterized with Woolf's (1997) formula as: $$ K_{b} = W \frac{2450}{\beta_{0} \left( 1 + \frac{1}{\left( ...
1
vote
3answers
207 views

Why do cold drinks get sweaty?

I drink a lot of iced tea and live in a very humid part of the country. My drink accumulates so much water, I had to purchase coasters to collect all the water dripping from the sides. Where does ...
1
vote
1answer
91 views

Velocity in the lift equation

What exactly is the nature of the velocity in the lift equation? I have read that it is the velocity of the aircraft, and I think I have read that it is the relative velocity of the air to the ...
1
vote
1answer
334 views

Drag/air-resistance impulse

I'm simulating snowfall in a discrete-time physics engine, using this formula for the drag force on a snowflake: $F_d=CAv^2$ (where $A$ is the flake's cross-sectional area and $C$ is a catch-all ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

How do I determine when this object is about to get covered in dew? I can measure the environment parameters

There is a large disk of glass sitting outside, it is pretty thick and wide. Via different sensors hooked up to a controller, I can measure the air temperature, glass temperature (on the surface), and ...
1
vote
3answers
3k views

How does the Dyson air multiplier fan create negative pressure?

I'm curious as to how the Dyson air multiplier fan works. So far I understand that it creates negative air pressure that causes air behind and around the device to be sucked into the air stream and ...
1
vote
2answers
360 views

Horizontal Speed of Descending Parachute

I understand how to get the vertical (descent speed) of a parachute and its payload, but how could one find the horizontal speed/velocity of this parachute depending on the speed of the wind? (yeah I ...
1
vote
3answers
2k views

Maxiumum weight a buoy can float [closed]

I have a buoy that can hold 2943.02 cubic millimeters of non-pressurized air, I need and equation to work out the maximum weight that the buoy can float.
1
vote
2answers
1k views

Tube under water and air pressure

If you take apart a syringe you are left with one piece that is a tube with a tiny hole in one end and the open end of a tube at the other. If you then submerge this underwater and cover the small ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

Forced convection: temperature gradient in conical pipe

My situation involves a conical pipe of known dimensions and material composition. Warmer-than-ambient air is added to the small end at a steady, known flow rate. I'm hoping for a way to estimate ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

Does a ceiling fan sound louder when humidity is higher?

It seemed to me the ceiling fan is making louder noise(of cutting through the air) when the day is a bit damp/humid, especially after a rainy day/hour. Is this a valid observation? Can the increased ...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

Heat transfer between river and air

There is a temperature sensor about 200 feet back from a large river, at about the same height as the river. A sewage pipe continuously dumps water of about 12 degrees C in the river directly in front ...
1
vote
0answers
34 views

When one blows up a latex balloon, why does it get easier to blow once it has a little air in it (after 1 or 2 breaths)? [duplicate]

When one blows up a latex balloon, why does it get easier to blow once it has a little air in it (after 1 or 2 breaths)?
1
vote
2answers
64 views

Fan Speed Formula

Is there any formula for computing fan speed by using air mass,air flux, air density or specific heat? I have computed air mass and air flux, and found the values for air density and specific heat, ...
1
vote
3answers
56 views

The speed of air rising through a heated tube

I would like to get an explanations of an observed physical phenomena. When a metal tube is placed vertically and heated and the air inside rises, the speed of the air moving through the tube ...
1
vote
2answers
141 views

An equation to describe a process of heating one room using hotter air from another room

There are two rooms completly isolated from the outer world (a closed system, no heat losses). They are connected with each other through a ventilation tube. Temperature in room A is 32 degrees ...
1
vote
0answers
53 views

unknown stresses in double-layer glass window

I live in cold place where outside temperature drops to -20. Currently, we have -20 and on my window, which is doubled layer glass with trapped air in between, I found a "polarized stress spectrum" ...
1
vote
1answer
179 views

Different density objects falling on Earth's atmosphere?

So I finally understood why 2 objects with different masses, free falling from the same distance reach Earth's surface at the same time (due to the objects Inertia). Now when the objects fall in the ...
1
vote
1answer
66 views

Is there an equivalent to wetness for air?

I was wondering if there was something equivalent to the property of being wet with water, but with air instead. For example, if I drop water on my shirt, I'll notice by its appearance and feel that ...
1
vote
0answers
36 views

Which is the most accurate way to model the fundamental atmospheric parameters of the Earth?

I need to calculate the fundamental atmospheric parameters, I mean the actual ones, this is not an exercise but a model for a real world application so I need to take account of the humidity of air. I ...
1
vote
1answer
939 views

Pressure vs Volume Calculation for air

I have 1 litre of air in a sealed container at atmosphere pressure (approx 15 psi absolute). I want to reduce pressure in the container by 1 psi ( 14 psi absolute or -1 psig). If I understand ...
1
vote
0answers
84 views

What kinds of reactions happen when bubbling air through water?

Mostly I have seen air bubbling used to remove impurities in the water itself, like exemplified in this course packet. This is called "Sparging," but I have yet to learn much about transfer between ...
1
vote
0answers
47 views

Cost vs. purity producing liquid oxygen [closed]

We are a group of rocket amatures who build rockets using LOX and ethanol as propellent. We normally buy the LOX from supplier. But lately we have been discussing if there is an easy way to produce it ...
1
vote
0answers
60 views

Closed pipe/sound resonance sound type sound coming from mineral processing plant

I work near a very large mineral processing plant which does vibrate our building and there is also a sound/feeling very similar to the closed pipe/sound resonance that is achieved when opening a back ...
1
vote
1answer
211 views

May I know how a vortex tube works? [duplicate]

From my point of view, high gas pressure input creates air rotation inside the tube. Due to the rotation, the kinetic energy in the air change to internal energy. The internal energy release as heat ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

Remote control wireless helicopter hovering in cruising aircraft, will it move the aircraft with stability [duplicate]

A Mini Toy Helicopter is left for hovering inside the cabin of an Aircraft, while the aircraft is cruising at the speed of 900 Km/h. Helicopter has no contact with the surface of the aircraft. The ...
1
vote
2answers
178 views

Amount of material required for a pressure tank

I read the answer for the question Why is a hot air balloon “stiff”? and thought something sounded ridiculous. My engineering requirement is that the walls be strong enough. Here $T$ will be the ...
1
vote
0answers
209 views

How do I find the acceleration of an object at a certain velocity if I know it's mass and terminal velocity? [closed]

I have a mass of 85kg and a terminal velocity of 46.7m/s. I think I correctly calculated the coefficient of air resistance(b) as 17.84 because I know that the Resistance force at terminal velocity is ...
0
votes
3answers
3k views

If hydrogen and helium are lighter than air, why won't liquid hydrogen and liquid helium defy gravity?

Title says it all. If hydrogen and helium are lighter than air, why won't liquid hydrogen and liquid helium defy gravity?
0
votes
2answers
159 views

The Ultimate Hand Dryer

I have come across many hand dryers that attempt to dry your hands really fast after you wash them. Here are two of them: XLERATOR http://www.exceldryer.com/ Dyson Airblade ...
0
votes
2answers
221 views

Train motion… Push or Pull?

While arguing against my friend today about the turbulence appearing between train's wheels. I told that the train pushes air aside during its motion through the tracks. But, he rejected it. Then, ...
0
votes
3answers
9k views

High and low pressure area and raining

In the high-pressure area it is mostly likely that there is sun. In low pressure area it is mostly likely that rain will occur. Because of the law that ...