AdS/CFT is a special case of the holographic principle. It states that a quantum gravitating theory in Anti-de-Sitter (AdS) space is exactly equivalent to the gauge theory/Conformal Field Theory (CFT) on its boundary.

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Pohlmeyer reduction of string theory for flat and AdS spaces

The definition of Pohlmeyer invariants in flat-space (as per eq-2.16 in Urs Schreiber's DDF and Pohlmeyer invariants of (super)string) is the following: $ Z^{\mu_1...\mu_N} (\mathcal{P}) = ...
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Why is the AdS/CFT approach to superconductors rarely cited in condensed matter publications?

Let me put things into perspective by comparing with other applications of string theory. Nowadays review papers written by cosmologists about inflation models often discuss string theory scenarios ...
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What do we learn from gravity in three spacetime dimensions?

The last decades there has been a lot of research going on in the the area of three dimensional gravity. The motivation, I understand, is threefold: Whereas gravity is not perturbatively ...
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Partition Functions in (A)dS/CFT

I'm trying to understand some aspects of dS/CFT, and I'm running into a little trouble. Any help would be much appreciated. In arXix:1104.2621, Harlow and Stanford showed that the late-time ...
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Can quark-gluon plasma ever be close to an ideal gas of asymptotically free quarks?

The question inspired by an upcoming colloquim at UCB. A naive interpretation of quark asymptotic freedom seems to imply that at high enough energies they should be weakly interacting. On the other ...
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What is the physical interpretation of the Papadodimas/Raju mirror operators?

In this paper http://arxiv.org/abs/1310.6335, the authors discuss the firewall problem and contruct so called mirror operators appearing in the correlation function. The key part seems to be (2.6) ...
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“Light” states in critical $O(N)$ model in $2+1$ (and holography)

Let me split the question in a few parts, Can someone give me a reference which explains the CFT properties of the critical $O(N)$ model in $2+1$? Like how are the CFT correlators (in a $1/N$ ...
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Some questions about calculation central charge in a CFT in $d$ spacetime dimensions

This is based on this paper, http://arxiv.org/abs/hep-th/0212138 For a CFT on a $S^d$ spacetime (of radius R) it seems to be claimed that the central charge is given by, $ c = \langle \int_{S^d_R} ...
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A basic question on AdS/CFT

Previously I asked a question Question on dimensions of CFT operators (ref: MAGOO, hep-th/9905111) here and it was (correctly of course) answered by Motl. I realized I didn't understand a part of it ...
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Master Field Large N limit

I would like to ask a question about the so-called ''Master Field''. As far as I understand, this represents a classical configuration in the large n limit (saddle point solution) but there is no ...
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An introductory resource for learning AdS space

Can someone please point me to introductory resources about the geometry of Anti DeSitter Space ? What are some examples of other spaces used in theoretical physics ?.I'm learning Differential ...
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Has Sen quantized superstring fields?

Today I saw a paper by Ashoke Sen titled "BV Master Action for Heterotic and Type II String Field Theories". Is it really the "quantization" of superstring fields for the first time? What can be its ...
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Charged CFT observables and AdS/CFT

I have a simple question regarding the holographic dictionary when mapping operators on the CFT side to those in AdS. One piece of the dictionary is that a global symmetry maps onto a gauge symmetry ...
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Confinement of charged tachyons in AdS spacetime

It is well known that the negative cosmological constant of AdS spacetime can act like a confining potential. That is, in contrast to asymptotically flat spacetime, in an asymptotically AdS spacetime ...
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$\langle TT\rangle$ correlator of the boundary CFT from metric fluctuations in the bulk gravity

Is there a reference which explains how the $\langle TT\rangle $ correlation of the boundary conformal field theory (CFT) can be holographically calculated from the bulk gravity? (..I am often ...
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holographic principle and Wheeler's bag of gold

How is it possible to explain "bag of gold" spacetimes (see Marlof) such that the ideas are compatible with AdS/CFT and the holographic principle?
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Is it possible to build up holography in a closed manifold, i.e., in a manifold with a mathematical boundary?

I was wondering about the AdS/CFT correspondence basics. It is constructed on the idea of conformal compactification, in which a open manifold $M$ is homeomorphic related to a closed one $N$ through a ...
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On-shell action in asymptotically AdS space

Consider a field theory coupled with gravity described by the action: $S=\int d^Dx \sqrt{-g} \left( \mathcal{R}-\Lambda+\mathcal{L}_m[\phi] \right)$, with the requirement that g must be ...
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The surface area to volume ratio of a sphere and the Bekenstein bound

I am trying to relate the surface-area-to-volume-ratio of a sphere to the Bekenstein bound. Since the surface-area-to-volume-ratio decreases with increasing volume, one would surmise that, per unit of ...
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Can pure-bosonic string theories exist in curved spacetime?

Question: Can there be a consistent non-supersymmetric pure-bosonic string theory in some curved spacetimes? Reason: Since fields with certain amount of negative mass can exist in curved spacetime ...
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Charged black holes and AdS/CFT

People generalize the statements of AdS/CFT correspondence by adding black hole (charged black hole) in the gravity theory to provide the dual gauge theory finite temperature (finite density). I have ...
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252 views

Coulomb Branch vs. Higgs Branch (and the connection with D-branes, AdS/CFT)

I am confused about the difference between the Coulomb and Higgs branches of the moduli space of supersymmetric gauge theories. It's easy to find a definition for $D=4$, $\mathcal{N}=2$ supersymmetric ...
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How can we see that there is superconductivity/superfluidity in the boundary theory in the holographic principle?

For example in the models for holographic superconductors we can calculate the conductivity. Also there is an energy gap. I can understand that it describes a superconductor. However I have also heard ...
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How many unequivalent Seifert surfaces appear in a AdS/CFT extension?

When introducing the 't Hooft diagrams from Feynman diagrams on a torus has there been a classification in terms of knots and Seifert surfaces?
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Questions on entanglement entropy

If the spatial entangling surface is $M$ then it seems that one way to get the entanglement entropy is to think of the QFT on the manifold $S \times M$ where $S$ is a 2-manifold with the metric, ...
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Moduli Space of $\mathcal{N}=4$ SYM on $\mathbb{R} \times S^3$

When we define $\mathcal{N}=4$ SYM on flat Minkowski space, the supersymmetric vacua are parametrized by scalars living in the cartan subalgebra of the gauge group. A generic point in the moduli space ...
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Free energy of the critical U(N) model

Can someone help explain how the equations 30, 31 and 34 were obtained in this paper. At a conceptual level I am wondering looking at equation 34 as to if they mean that $\lambda$ is somehow the ...
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SuperConformal approach to SuperGravity

In the book (Supergravity - Daniel Z.Freedman & Antoine Van Proeyen - Cambridge), there are (Chapters 16-17) a presentation of pure supergravity or supergravity with matter, from a SuperConformal ...
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Group theory notation used in physics (AdS/CFT)

This in the context of the AdS/CFT correspondence. I am reading this review on AdS/CFT Aharony et. al. (The MAGOO review) The abstract can be found here Equation (2.50) of the above paper lists the ...
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190 views

Conformal symmetry of Navier-Stokes?

This question is in reference to the paper arXiv:0810.1545 Can someone help understand this scaling argument and the proof(?) that there is a conformal symmetry in Navier-Stoke's equation? (..am I ...
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448 views

Correlators at large N and large N factorization

I am having this very basic problem. In e.g Maldacena's AdS/CFT review (0309246) (page 5), he has defined operators as $\mathcal{O}=N\,{\rm tr}[f(M)]$ for some matrices $M$ and got the connected ...
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Generalized gravitational entropy and entanglement entropy

What are the differences (if any) between Generalized gravitational entropy (Lewkowycz-Maldacena) and holographic entanglement entropy (Ryu-Takayanagi)? More specifically, I was wondering following ...
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Are temperature and chemical potential of a black hole independent quantities?

I am a bit confused about the independent parameters in a charged black hole in AdS spaces. From equation (63) of this lecture notes we see that the temperature (T) of the black hole has chemical ...
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Large Spin operators and radial quantization

I've been reading the paper "Comments on operators with large Spin" (here) and I am having some trouble understanding the following: In section 2, they begin by studying, in a conformal field theory ...
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AdS/CFT-duality: How does the $U(1)$ decouple form the $U(N)$?

A stack of N coincident D3-branes on its world-volume describe, at the lowest order in $\alpha'$ and in absence of non-trivial background fields, a supersymmetric $U(N)$ gauge theory as explained in ...
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Bulk Symmetry corresponding to Yangian Symmetry of Planar N=4?

4D N=4 Super Yang Mills in the planar limit has an infinite dimensional symmetry known as Yangian symmetry. Dualities respect symmetries, so what does this symmetry correspond to in the $AdS_5\times ...
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Sign convention with the $AdS$ metric

One would say that $AdS_n$ satisfies the equations for the scalar curvature (R) and Ricci tensor ($R_{\mu \nu}$), $R = - \frac{n(n-1)}{L^2}$ and $R_{ab} = - \frac{n-1}{L^2}g_{ab}$. But do the signs ...
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How does one expand gravity Lagrangians about an $AdS$ background?

I had previously asked this question. This is kind of a continuation of that. I recently found this expression which seems to be called the "Fierz-Pauli action" which is apparently the quadratic ...
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Why are string theorists interested in entanglement entropy?

I have been reading some papers by Ryu-Takyanagi but I am not seeing a good explanation as to why entanglement entropy of the boundary CFT is a good observable to probe the possible bulk quantum ...
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Entangled event horizons

Assuming it is possible in principle to entangle the degrees of freedom of the event horizons of two black holes, and that this is something that can be done, either after the black hole is formed, or ...
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Anomalous dimensions in the $O(N)$ model

Is there any statement known about the anomalous dimensions of the $O(N)$ model in various dimensions and/or in the large-N limit? If a $\phi^4$ ("double-trace") term is coupled to an $O(N)$ model ...
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Generalisations of AdS/CFT with string theory on both sides

From my previous post, I found out from the comments that there are various generalisations of AdS/CFT with different things replacing the CFT on the RHS; such as AdS/CMT, AdS/QCD, and also with ...
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Construction of the supergravity side explicitly in gauge/gravity dualities

Although the motivation of this question comes from the AdS/CFT correspondence, it actually is related to a more general principle of gauge/gravity duality. We know from Maldacena's conjecture that a ...
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Getting the AdS metric from maximally symmetric spaces

I am familiar with the way we derive the form of the FRW metric by just using the fact that we have a maximally symmetric space i.e the universe is homogeneous and isotropic in spatial coordinates. ...
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Boundaries where AdS/CFT complementarity applies

Usually when I read about AdS/CFT complementarity as a particular case of the Holographic principle, it suggests that physics evolution on a boundary has a map to physics evolution on the bulk. But ...
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Holography with wave functionals rather than partition functions

Roughly speaking Gubser-Klebanov-Polyakov Witten's (GKPW) prescription in the context of holography tells us partition function of CFT is "equal" to that of the gravity theory in one higher dimension ...
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Gravity dual of N free scalars in 2D

I have a very basic (and might be very naive) question. What should be the dual gravity description of $N$ (with $N>>1$) free scalars in two dimensions? I was wondering whether it would be ...
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Holographic dual of pure-classical systems

There are classical systems (eg. see Sections VII and VIII of Kogut's review) that shares many of the properties of a pure-gauge SU(N) quantum theory including factorization and mass-gap, but with ...
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Quantum corrections to holographic entanglement entropy

I was looking at this paper by Faulkner-Lewkowycz-Maldacena. They give a very interesting proposal of calculating one loop (i.e, 1/N) correction to EE from computing the EE between the bulk regions. ...
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Worldvolume vs boundary in AdS/CFT

The original AdS5/CFT4 correspondence is usually claimed to match near-horizon supergravity -rather IIB string theory- with a "boundary" super Yang-Mills theory at $T=0$, i.e. in a Minkowski spacetime ...