AdS/CFT is a special case of the holographic principle. It states that a quantum gravitating theory in Anti-de-Sitter (AdS) space is exactly equivalent to the gauge theory/Conformal Field Theory (CFT) on its boundary.

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Holographic dual of a massive QFT?

A naive question about holographic dual of a massive QFT: The Ryu-Takanayagi formula for the entanglement entropy (see their paper) seem to suggest that the holographic dual of a massive QFT (e.g. a ...
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AdS/CFT-duality: How does the $U(1)$ decouple form the $U(N)$?

A stack of N coincident D3-branes on its world-volume describe, at the lowest order in $\alpha'$ and in absence of non-trivial background fields, a supersymmetric $U(N)$ gauge theory as explained in ...
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Analogy for the AdS/CFT Correspondence

Some time ago, I heard about a simple analogy for the AdS/CFT correspondence to something in everyday life. Consider a room filled with furniture, with the walls of the room covered in mirrors. The 2D ...
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Charged black holes and AdS/CFT

People generalize the statements of AdS/CFT correspondence by adding black hole (charged black hole) in the gravity theory to provide the dual gauge theory finite temperature (finite density). I have ...
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Recommendations for time-line and road map in graduate school towards specializing in Maldacena's conjecture

This question was asked on Theoretical Physics Stackexchange and was grossly misread and closed. I am again posting the question here hoping to get some valuable insights. Also some people were ...
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Resources for Entanglement Entropy in Condensed Matter Systems and Black Hole Thermodynamics

Over the last month or so, I have set it upon myself to teach myself the AdS/CFT correspondence. In particular, I am interested in the connection between black hole entropy and entanglement entropy in ...
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What happens at the center of a black hole according to holographic theory?

As far as I understand, the AdS/CFT correspondence proposed by Maldacena is an exact duality to a four-dimensional theory, which interpolates between one well-defined conformal field theory in the UV ...
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Understanding chemical potential in AdS/CFT

I always find it very difficult to understand the notion of chemical potential physically/intuitively unlike pressure and temperature in statistical mechanics. Can some one suggest some nice ...
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Link between Hawking-Bekenstein Black hole entropy and entanglement entropy

I'm currently doing a project on two sided Ads-Schwarzschild black holes in the context of Ads/CFT. I want to show that the entanglement entropy between the two CFTs corresponds approximately to the ...
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Why gauge field should be vanishing on horizon?

When considering an AdS spacetime including a black hole, matter field and gauge field, the value of temporal component $A_t$ of the gauge potential $A_\mu$ on horizon always is set be zero, even the ...
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$AdS_2$ Black Hole [closed]

I know that $AdS_2$ black hole has the following metric: $$ ds^2=(r^2-a^2)dt^2+\frac{dr^2}{r^2-a^2}.\tag{1} $$ Here $a$ is constant. On the other hand I am regularly facing with the following ...
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“Hard wall”/ “soft wall”

I have encountered those terms in various places. As I understand it, "soft wall" can correspond to a smooth cutoff of some spacetime, while "hard wall" can be a sharp one, which can be described in ...
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Why holographic renormalization?

Why is there a need to perform holographic renormalization for the normal $AdS_5\times S^5$/CFT$_4$ correspondence if the brane theory is conformal? Since the flow along the AdS direction $r$ is ...
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Does asymptotically AdS mean as $z \to 0$ or as $z \to \infty$ in Poincare metric of AdS?

The Poincare metric of AdS_3 is given by $ ds^2 = \frac{R^2}{z^2}(dz^2 - dx_0^2 + dx_1^2)$. Using the coordinate transformation $\rho = \log(z)$, we can write this as, $ds^2 = R^2 (d\rho^2 + e^{-2 ...
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Role of the canonical ensemble and electric charge in AdS/CFT

If we consider a charged black hole in AdS spacetime, we can either do thermodynamics in the grand canonical or the canonical ensemble. In the former, we fix the electrostatic potential ...
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Understanding the AdS/CFT Correspondence [duplicate]

I am beginning to learn about the AdS/CFT correspondence, but I can't find a comprehensive introduction that includes the relevant gravitational/string theory physics. What specific areas of general ...
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QFT calculations via holographic duality

Holographic duality tells us that there is a duality between anti-deSitter space and lower dimensional conformal field theory. However, what quantum phenomenon, exactly, can we calculate using the ...
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Supersymmetries of the type IIB D3-brane action

The following query is based on a reading of section 2.2 of a paper by Graña and Polchinski. The idea is to begin with the D3 brane action of the form $$ ds^2 = Z^{-1/2}\eta_{\mu\nu}dx^\mu dx^\nu + ...
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Brane polarisation (Myers Effect/Polchinski-Strassler/KPV)

I have a question about brane polarisation. In the most famous cases I know of--the original giant D2 brane of Myers, the Polchinski-Strassler resolution of the $\mathcal{N}=1^*$ IR singularity, and ...
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The notion of confinement in AdS/CFT

In the frame of the AdS/CFT correspondence, how do I recognize in the SUGRA part that the dual field theory will exhibit confinement. I mean, can I see it in the metric? or should I compute a field to ...
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Constructing dual gravity theory from general CFT

AdS/CFT is a little over my head at the moment, particularly the AdS side but I'll ask anyway. Has there been any work done on starting with a mathematically rigorous conformal field theory defined ...
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Singleton representations of $SO(2, d)$?

What is meant by "singleton" representations of $SO(2, d)$ and 'small representations' in Witten's paper, Anti de Sitter Space and Holography?
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From String Frame to Einstein Frame for 10D supergravity

This question is related to but not answered in the post String frame and Einstein frame for a Dp-brane, so it should be treated as a separate question. Beginning with the gravity action $$S = ...
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Curvature of Weyl-rescaled metric from curvature of original metric

I'm trying to go from the low-energy effective action in the string-frame to the corresponding action in the Einstein frame. The action in the string frame has the form $$S = \frac{1}{(2\pi)^7 ...
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Physical explanation for dependence of initial conditions when solving differential equations using NDSolve

I'm checking some results in this [paper] and I'm currently having some issues with solving a set of differential equations (section 2 and 3.1-3.2 in the paper). I'm finding values to depend on an ...
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Branes on a tip of a conifold; how to understand it?

I am not sure if this question makes sense "intuitively" but here it is. In Klebanov-Witten theory one puts branes on the tip of a cone over a Calabi-Yau manifold. My question is what does it mean to ...
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What does it mean the term “probe brane”?

What does it exactly mean the term "probe brane"? People say for example: We put a stack of N branes at some point and then a probe brane ..." How do they appear in AdS/CFT? Can you give me an ...
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Available material on Giant Gravitons

I am looking for a pedagogical introduction to giant gravitons (if one exists!). I have basic string theory/SUSY knowledge but no introduction to AdS/CFT. (Do I need to do some reading on AdS/CFT ...
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Materials on charged black brane

everybody! Does anyone know some good materials on charged black branes in AdS/CFT and the role of chemical potential in theses cases?
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AdS/CFT in global coordinates (as opposed to Poincare coordinates)

When the usual derivation for AdS/CFT is given for the most famous example of Type IIB string theory on $AdS_5 \times S^5$, the AdS space is clearly seen as the near horizon geometry of a stack of D3 ...
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Why does AdS/CFT with non-zero temperature correspond to a black hole in the bulk?

Is there a good intuitive explanation on why AdS/CFT with non-zero temperature corresponds to a black hole in the bulk? And what is the role of temperature and chemical potential in this black hole?
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Coulomb Branch vs. Higgs Branch (and the connection with D-branes, AdS/CFT)

I am confused about the difference between the Coulomb and Higgs branches of the moduli space of supersymmetric gauge theories. It's easy to find a definition for $D=4$, $\mathcal{N}=2$ supersymmetric ...
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Has AdS/CFT any predictive power in the natural context?

Has AdS/CFT any predictive power in the case of the space-time as we know it and in the case of reality as we know it experimentally? I may add: AdS/CFT in the interpretation given from the ...
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Geodesic approximation and Euclidean continuation

I recently read many articles in the context of the AdS/CFT correspondance in which the geodesic approximation is used (see for example section 3.5 here). The correlator between two boundary operators ...
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Bulk Symmetry corresponding to Yangian Symmetry of Planar N=4?

4D N=4 Super Yang Mills in the planar limit has an infinite dimensional symmetry known as Yangian symmetry. Dualities respect symmetries, so what does this symmetry correspond to in the $AdS_5\times ...
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Questions on D branes and their role in the AdS/CFT correspondence

I'm a beginner in learning the AdS/CFT correspondence, and I come across two problems that I hope an answer will be given here. D branes in string theory are usually introduced through the T-duality ...
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breitenlohner freedman stability condition

I am looking for a simple way to derive the breitenlohner-freedman bound. Actually I can't understand why we have stability above the BF bound and instability below the BF bound,while both have ...
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Deconfinement at high T $\leftrightarrow$ spontaneous breaking of the center of the gauge group

I am reading Witten's "Anti-de Sitter Space, Thermal Phase Transitions, And Confinement In Gauge Theories" (see here), in which he connects the confinement-deconfinement transition in $\mathcal{N}=4$ ...
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How would one experimentally prove AdS/CFT correspondence?

What would be an experimental test of AdS/CFT correspondence? Or it's extensions? I've heard that people are studying AdS/CMT (condensed matter) correspondence, but I don't know the details of it? ...
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Holographic Renormalization in non-AdS/non-CFT

In AdS/CFT, the story of renormalization has an elegant gravity dual. Regularizing the theory is done by putting a cutoff near the conformal boundary of AdS space, and renormalization is done by ...
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What is the advantage of AdS/CFT in studying strong coupled system comparing with the lattice method

I often heard AdS/CFT correspondence provides a powerful framework to study strong coupled system, which perturbation is not applicable. However, lattice method still works in non-perturbative domain. ...
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Quantum Yang-Mills Theory and AdS/CFT

I just read the first chapter of Becker-Becker-Schwarz. To quote: A remarkable discovery made in the late 1990s is the exact equivalence (or duality) of conformally invariant quantum field ...
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What is the future of complexity theory in black-hole physics and string theory? [closed]

I found the recent work by Hayden and Harlow and Susskind very fascinating. I have also heard talks by Scott Aaronson about this emerging connection. In particular this idea of understanding ...
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AdS/CFT dual of $N$ D$p$-branes at finite temperature

The gravity dual of $N$ D$p$-branes at zero temperature is $$ ds^2= H^{-1/2}(r)(-dt^2+dx_p^2) + H^{1/2}(r)(dr^2 + r^2d\Omega_{8-p}^2) $$ with $$ H(r) = 1 + \left(\frac{R}{r}\right)^{7-p} $$ what ...
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Why are holomorphic boundary CFT2 primary operators massless in the AdS3 bulk?

I saw a claim in this paper that holomorphic boundary CFT$_2$ primary operators correspond to massless states in the AdS$_3$ bulk. Specifically, As always, we simplify the situation by assuming ...
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D7 brane profile

I have a doubt about the differential equation leading to the profile of a d7 brane embedded in a 10 dimensional space. According to http://arxiv.org/abs/hep-th/0306018, equation (6), we have the ...
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How to calculate the Wald functional?

I want to calculate the Wald functional for arbitrary higher curvature Lagrangians - like getting equation 6.31 from 6.30 in this paper. A priori the above looks like an extremely complicated ...
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Bulk-boundary cutoffs in AdS/CFT

I'm studying the holographic entanglement entropy (HEE) in this paper (Ryu-Takayanagi, 2006). In section 6.3 they compute the HEE for a segment in a 2D CFT. To do so, they obtain the corresponding ...
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How can we see that there is superconductivity/superfluidity in the boundary theory in the holographic principle?

For example in the models for holographic superconductors we can calculate the conductivity. Also there is an energy gap. I can understand that it describes a superconductor. However I have also heard ...
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The Chern-Simons/WZW correspondence

Can someone tell me a reference which proves this? - as to how does the bulk partition function of Chern-Simons' theory get completely determined by the WZW theory (its conformal blocks) on its ...