1
vote
1answer
89 views

Normal to the Hypersurfaces

I am trying to understand the derivation of the Hilbert-Einstein action. However it requires a knowledge about hyper-surfaces for the boundaries of the integrals and also about the normal to the ...
16
votes
4answers
720 views

Is the principle of least action a boundary value or initial condition problem?

Here is a question that's been bothering me since I was a sophomore in university, and should have probably asked before graduating: In analytic (Lagrangian) mechanics, the derivation of the ...