Acoustics is the interdisciplinary science that deals with the study of all mechanical waves in gases, liquids, and solids including vibration, sound, ultrasound and infrasound. Applications of acoustics are for instance the audio and noise control industries.

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Is there any way a longitudinal wave can have a shear velocity component?

I am simulating the propagation of an acoustic field through elastic media. I have identified a pocket of shear stress which is travelling with a speed very close to that of the longitudinal wave ...
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92 views

To what degree does guitar construction affects the vibration of the strings?

There's an old debate going on in the guitar community about how much does wood choice and body shape affect the sound of an electric guitar. No one denies that there's a difference acoustically (how ...
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66 views

Difficulty implementing equation describing angular response of fibre-optic hydrophone

I am attempting to implement an equation in a paper which provides an approximation of the angular response of a simple fibre optic hydrophone. The equation in question (number 19) is repeated here ...
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103 views

Nonsensical dispersion relations for elastic wave propagation

In an earlier question about Einstein notation, a link was provided to a medical paper which used acoustic propagation to noninvasively detect the orientation of muscle fibers. In short, muscle fibers ...
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86 views

Sound - for purposes of vibration

What is the best way to distribute noise from more than one source (I'm envisioning a system with many), within a dome, with the ground as its primary target, at optimal frequencies and volumes to ...
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54 views

Why does the echo of the last chord appear to rise in pitch

I - and others - observe that when a musical performance ends, the echo of the last chord appears to rise in pitch by up to a quarter tone while the echo decays. This effect appears to be independent ...
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20 views

Ray tracing a three-way intersection

I've been studying ray tracing in media with linear velocity-depth functions. One of the key concepts I've come across is the ray parameter, and in particular the idea that the ray parameter is ...
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120 views

What is the physical meaning of complex eigenvalues?

I understand the mathematical origin of complex eigenvalues, and that complex eigenvalues come in pairs. But what is the meaning of the imaginary part? In particular I refer to an acoustic problem ...
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57 views

Reference for the reflexion of sound in connection with boundary conditions of the wave equation

In 3D, the homogenous wave equation $$ -\Delta_x u(x,t) + \frac{1}{c^2} \frac{\partial^2 u}{\partial t^2} (x,t) \ = \ 0 \ \ \mathrm{in} \ \Omega \times (0, \infty) $$ can approximately describe ...
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45 views

What is the longest distance over which echolocation is effective?

Some animals, most notably bats, use echolocation in order to navigate and detect the location and size of objects and prey. This usually takes place over short distances. What are the theoretical ...
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41 views

Is it possible to estimate the number of people in a room from a limited number of simultaneously recorded audio samples?

Note: I struggled to decide the appropriate site for this question, between http://physics.stackexchange.com/, http://avp.stackexchange.com/, http://math.stackexchange.com/, and even ...
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51 views

Harmonics of an infinite cylinder

If a hypothetical cylinder was infinitely long, could it vibrate at any frequency, since any frequency would be a harmonic of it? And (less hypothetically) if a cylinder was only really long, would it ...
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158 views

Physical difference between two different attenuation coefficient functions

The attenuation of a wave through a medium can be modeled by the Beer-Lambert Law using an attenuation coefficient. If $I$ is the intensity, and $I_r$ is a reference intensity, then what is the ...
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89 views

Can we compute the magnitude of the stress caused by sound waves on a wall?

As a follow up to this question, Could we really compute the magnitude of the stress caused by sound waves on a wall? If so, How do we do that?
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16 views

Bell vs. diaphragm of stethoscope for low frequency sounds

Why is the bell of the stethoscope used to hear lower frequencies if it has a smaller diameter than the diaphragm? I would have thought that a bigger diameter diaphragm could pick up lower frequency ...
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23 views

Can anyone provide a good exposition on acoustic impedance?

Can anyone provide a good exposition on acoustic impedance? Does anyone know of a good paper or textbook that does so? It seems like most sources kind of just start using it without deriving any ...
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36 views

Frequency dependance of sound wave reflection

Why are high frequencies reflected more than low frequencies off an 'acoustically hard' surface such as concrete? I basically understand that the amount of reflection is determined by the impedance ...
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19 views

Distribution of refractive index of water when applied pressure wave

I was wondering when applying pressure wave, ultrasonic sound waves, under water, how I would be able to measure the distribution of the refractive index.
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36 views

Functional relationship of pressure and position(1d)

so today I started doing my research on oscillations in a course on advanced mechanics. The experiment was to mathematically model the speed of sound in air and experimentally prove the usability of ...
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41 views

What is the physical explanation for the phase relationship between acoustic pressure and particle velocity in plane and spherical waves?

I've been looking around for a decent physical explanation of the differences in the phase relationships between acoustic pressure and particle velocity in different types of waves. Mathematical ...
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32 views

Equation of acoustic pressure in moving fluid: derivation

I'm looking for a detailed derivation of the equation of acoustic pressure with harmonic time dependence (of type $p(t,{\bf r}) = \psi({\bf r})e^{i\omega t}$) in moving fluid and under assumptions ...
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29 views

Audio anomaly identification

I left an audio recorder in the forest in many different locations for fauna identification. I am collecting subjects on my audio recorder that are clearly not in the frequency range of any animal ...
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44 views

What is the physical origin of acoustic modes in a duct?

Lets deal with wave propagation in a cylindrical duct. We ask the question: "what is the general form of a pressure wave which can propagate through the duct?" In answering this, we assume that the ...
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73 views

Number of wave modes in a cavity

I'm trying to calculate the number of acoustic modes that can exist in a room in a certain range of frequencies. I thought of using the Rayleigh-Jeans formula for the electromagnetic standing wave ...
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58 views

Why do the chargers produce persistent high pitch sound?

I have noticed that my Nexus Orb charger and a charger for the shaver produce some unpleasant high pitch sounds - near the fork. Why are they doing this? Does it indicate any problem with my ...
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128 views

Harmonic frequencies of electric guitar are detuned. What could be the cause?

I have tried to record some music with my electric guitar and while playing around and looking the frequencies of single strings I noticed something strange. I took the spectra of the A string and I ...
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66 views

What is the magnitude of the sound that a Helmholtz Resonator attenuates?

I know that the shape of the Helmholtz Resonator, specifically its neck shape and the volume of its cavity, determine the resonance frequency of the resonator. Moreover, the resonance frequency is ...
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62 views

Sound localization using cross-correlation

I am using cross correlation for sound localization. I have a four microphone array (arranged linearly). My problem is, sometimes the time diff found by cross correlation between a given pair of mics ...
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54 views

Sound Intensity Measurements convert to Sound Power

If you need to have Sound Power results and the location that the microphone needs to be to make the measurement(per the standard) is not accessible. There is a machine part in between the ...
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51 views

Modeling Acoustic Lubrication

I thought about posting this question in the Biology StackExchange site but really it is just the application of my question that applies to biology not the core of the question itself. Can anyone ...
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42 views

is it possible to load a transversal wave with a longitudinal wave

like in communication engineering for sending information what we do, we take a high frequency carrier and modulate it with the message signal so can we do the same thing like take a high ...
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55 views

Design and use of the RLC model for signal processing systems and spatial acoustics

Given a frequency response for a signal processing device, set of devices, or physical space it is possible to construct an equivalent (identical frequency response) series RLC circuit. 1) Does this ...
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75 views

Energy distribution between long- and shearwaves after refraction of sound

From this explanation, I learn that sound is refracted according to Snell's Law upon passing a border between materials of different sound speed. I also learn that upon passing the border, a mode ...
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131 views

Eigen modes in a room

In a rectangular room 10*8*5 how can the eigen modes belonging to octave and third octave bands centered at 50Hz be found ? I have the formula to calculate the number of modes but don't have the idea ...
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190 views

Sound Produced due to motion of air inside a tube

I'm trying to understand the sound produced by Air motion inside the respiratory system. If you have a long tube with a suction apparatus at one end , You turn on the apparatus and the air is sucked ...
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23 views

How do sound wave interact with a bubble?

When a sound wave propagates in a medium consist of liquid with a bubble, what cause oscillation of the bubble? Negative pressure of sound cause drop of pressure in both liquid and bubble ...
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What's responsible for dull or sharp sounds in a struck sintered rods?

I've sintered a number of rods from powdered oxide materials, and some of them ring clearly after being struck (not as clear as, say, a metal tube, but clear enough to hear a definite pitch), while ...
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Will a sodium bell ring clearly after being submerged in liquid nitrogen?

Lead is fairly soft at room temperature but rings clearly when cooled to liquid nitrogen temperatures. Sodium is even softer. If cooled to liquid nitrogen temperature, could it also ring?
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24 views

Source of low frequency oscillation heard in ambulance siren

I have noticed that when I am standing on the street as an ambulance passes that so long as it is sufficiently close by (within 10-15 feet, so the siren is VERY loud for this to happen), I hear a ...
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Sound vibrations for marine propulsion

I asked a similar question about bubbles making less friction on a mass moving through water, now I'm wondering of sound waves could do the same thing as supercavitation or possibly create it's own ...
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28 views

Nonlinear constitutive state equation

Between the Tait equation, and the B/A type of equation, which one is better suited to approximate the isentropic equation of state? Why B/A type is mostly used in nonlinear acoustics?
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Calculate pressure distribution at plate surface

Currently I am having troubles calculating the pressure distribution $p(x,y)$ at the surface of a vibrating plate. I have a simply supported rectangular baffled plate which gets excited by a harmonic ...
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25 views

On nonlinearity parameter in Nonlinear Schrodinger Equation (NLS)

While I am studying the wave propagation in fluids, the amplitude modulation seems to be governed by the NLS equation. In some of the journal papers the nonlinearity parameter, $N$ seems to be of high ...
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24 views

What the phase constant difference required for sources located at the same location?

Here is what my teacher wrote on her notes: Let's say there are two speakers located at x=0m emitting sound waves of same $\omega$ and same A. PHASE CONSTANT DIFFERENCES If A < A'<2A: there is ...
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Sound Source Power Formula Approximation

A sound source emits waves with a wavelength of 25 cm. 50 m away, the waves have an amplitude of 4 micrometers. It's 20 ° C outside and the density of air is 1.3 kg/m^3. What is the power of the ...
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22 views

Sound system and Temperature Effects

You arrange a patio with a sound system. Ignore all sound reflections. If you are at a certain location on the patio, you can find the two lowest frequencies you will experience total destructive ...
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27 views

Sound waves travelling in air and the amount of air affected by the wave

If there is a sound wave travelling in the air, will the amount of air transported by the wave be proportional to the intensity? Here is my answer: yes, because as the energy of the wave is related ...
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14 views

When longitudinal waves and transversal waves enter air from a soild, what will happen? How do waves transform?

When ultrasonic waves meet the interface (surface) between two media they will reflect and refract. What is the effect of the acoustic impedance on reflection? Is there any list about acoustical ...
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24 views

Dispersing ultrasound in a tube - patters

I am looking for patterns to efficiently disperse reflected ultrasound in the range of wavelengths 1mm to 4mm within the interior of a narrow tube (I do not want wall reflections). For various reasons ...
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71 views

Designing a home theater room for optimal acoustics

We are building an addition on our home that will allow us to build a basement home theater room with some level of flexibility regarding its size and shape. I've been reading somewhat conflicting ...