Acoustics is the interdisciplinary science that deals with the study of all mechanical waves in gases, liquids, and solids including vibration, sound, ultrasound and infrasound. Applications of acoustics are for instance the audio and noise control industries.

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How does ultrasonic horn produce a convection current in the water?

When I was using ultrasonic horn in a beaker, I notice that there are convection currents in the beaker and stir up my substance. I don't understand why it produce water current, I thought that it ...
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22 views

Is work done by sound wave on air particles?

Is it possible for sound wave to do net work on air particles? As in can a sound wave make the air move in one direction so that it can for example move a sail boat ? I think since molecules gyrate ...
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What is the physical origin of acoustic modes in a duct?

Lets deal with wave propagation in a cylindrical duct. We ask the question: "what is the general form of a pressure wave which can propagate through the duct?" In answering this, we assume that the ...
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What is the difference between a puff of air and a sound wave regarding creation and propagation?

While watching a Schlieren video of a hand clapping, I noted a very distinct difference between a sound wave and a puff of air, which were both created by a hand clapping. What is the difference ...
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96 views

Does sound cancel itself out?

If there are two 10 x 2 x 1 foot rectangles in space and they are lined up so if they hit each other there will be no spots that are not hit in the front of the rectangle. Then they are pushed forward ...
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57 views

Does timbre consist in pitch and volume?

I read that the physical properties of a sound wave correspond to its audible qualities: pitch, volume, and timbre. However, an oscilloscope uses only two-dimensions to accurately depict the physical ...
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1answer
2k views

Science behind the singing wine glass

A wine glass filled with water (approximately half or a quarter), when you use a wet finger and rub the top of the wine glass, the wine glass will produce a sound. I heard that it is because of the ...
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41 views

Demonstrate identity $\int_{0}^{x} \int_{0}^{\xi}f(s)dsd\xi=\int_{0}^{x}(x-\xi)f(\xi)d\xi$ [closed]

I have trouble doing the following problem, I have not been able to make even the first part, I was hoping someone could help me. The problem is: Show that: $$\int_{0}^{x} ...
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How to model “Doppler Distortion” of speakers?

Simple Model w/o Doppler I have a speaker driven by an electrical signal. The pressure at the sampling point is some linear operator acting on the input signal: $L[ s(t)]$. Where $L$ combines the ...
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Do low frequency sounds really carry longer distances?

It is a common belief that low frequencies travel longer distances. Indeed, the bass is really what you hear when the neighbor plays his HiFi loud (Woom Woom). Try asking people around, a lot of them ...
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The effect on perpendicular currents on a sound wave

Thinking logically (not as a physicist :)) about soundwaves propagating from the seafloor through various currents, you would think the captured sound would be offset when reaching sealevel, making it ...
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Does vortex shedding exist along the surface of an object?

Vortex shedding occurs due to the detachment of flow. The typical example is for the oscillating wake behind a cylinder, and has a frequency related to the size of the object. I want to know, if a ...
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Why are two voices singing the same note louder than one?

Let's say for example: Two people sing the same note (frequency) and volume (amplitude) together. Why is it that the two persons sound louder than they would ...
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242 views

Frequency of touch, taste, and scent [closed]

So I was thinking about sound - and how anything below 20Hz is basically inaudible to humans (because it is too low of a frequency to be recognized), as well as anything above around 20KHz (because it ...
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3answers
96 views

Would we be able to hear the sun if space were full of air? [duplicate]

I was wondering if the sun could be audible from earth in an air-filled space scenario. We can ignore all the other disastrous consequences! Thanks!
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1answer
20 views

Does sound absorption depends upon the amplitude of sound wave?

I can understand the mechanism of frequency dependant sound absorption by most materials but does the sound attenuation also depends upon the AMPLITUDE(sound pressure or rather loudness/sound ...
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24 views

Do Pulsar Stars produce sound?

Can I hear electromagnetic radiation coming from a pulsar star? Or can I hear it if I stand outside it?
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what could generate a high-pitched whine in electronics where the frequency depends on the current?

So I was operating a Laue machine recently which generates x-rays and fires them at a sample, and I noticed that there was a high-pitched whine coming from the instrument (nothing abnormal, just ...
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Does the Sun produce audible sound?

Theoretically if I were able to build some sort of device that let me sit 1 foot away from the surface of the Sun (or any star for that matter) without being vaporized, would a star produce any sort ...
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Number of wave modes in a cavity

I'm trying to calculate the number of acoustic modes that can exist in a room in a certain range of frequencies. I thought of using the Rayleigh-Jeans formula for the electromagnetic standing wave ...
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40 views

What physical properties of silver would contribute to the sound of a musical instrument?

Sorry if this is off-topic. A question was recently asked on Musical Practice & Performance, asking what physical properties of silver would contribute to the sound of percussion instruments. It ...
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3answers
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Are there any musical instruments which use resonance tubes with two closed ends?

Many musical instruments use resonance tubes with one closed end - all brass instruments (I think), clarinet, etc. There are also instruments where both ends are open (flute, pipes) Are there any ...
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107 views

Are small speakers inherently limited to higher frequencies?

I am hoping to build a subwoofer using multiple smaller speakers (165mm) instead of a single larger speaker (380mm). My theory is that the displaced air volume is what matters, not the individual ...
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Why do the chargers produce persistent high pitch sound?

I have noticed that my Nexus Orb charger and a charger for the shaver produce some unpleasant high pitch sounds - near the fork. Why are they doing this? Does it indicate any problem with my ...
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About our voice transferred into electrical signal

I know when we speak to the microphone, the pitch of our voice cause the vibration of magnet in the microphone, thus causing generation of different voltages of electrical signal. But my question is: ...
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Without seeing the lightning, can you tell how far away it struck by how the thunder sounds?

Is there any way to tell how far away a lightning strike is by how its thunder sounds? I thought one way might be by using the fact that higher frequencies travel faster than lower frequencies. Would ...
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40 views

What is a normal human hearing range?

What is the normal human hearing range in the sound spectrum and at what decibel levels will the eardrum explode?
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47 views

Why does a microphone membrane only measure pressure and not particle velocity?

Microphones (e.g. condenser microphone) are assumed to have a voltage output proportional to the sound pressure at the diaphragm. If the operating principle is that the voltage output is proportional ...
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Using water to amplify sound

It seems that water generally dampens sound waves. Is there any way one could attach a speaker to a body of water in such a way that the water would actually amplify some frequencies (for nearby ...
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Justifying order of magnitude reasoning

So in the context of a set of notes I am reading about acoustics I get to equation (23) in this paper. Basically it comes down to showing that (note the dots above the a's meaning time derivative!) ...
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1answer
95 views

Sound Propagation using Finite-Difference Time-Domain (FDTD) considering wind effects

I am trying to plot the propagation of sound from a fixed source in a 2D environment using Finite-Difference Time-Domain (FDTD) Method taking into account the effects of the wind velocity. I came ...
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3answers
61 views

What is sound in terms of acoustic sources?

Sound is nothing more than small amplitude, unsteady pressure perturbations that propagate as a longitudinal wave from a region in space which created it (called the source region) into a quiescent ...
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Why can't you hear music well over a telephone line?

Why can't you hear music well well over a telephone line? I was asked this question in an interview for a university study placement and I unfortunately had no idea. I was given the hint that the ...
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Sound as a use to separate molecular structures

Sound can be a destructive force. However, could it be used to separate say the Hydrogen atom from the Oxygen atoms?
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What is the longest distance over which echolocation is effective?

Some animals, most notably bats, use echolocation in order to navigate and detect the location and size of objects and prey. This usually takes place over short distances. What are the theoretical ...
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Harmonic frequencies of electric guitar are detuned. What could be the cause?

I have tried to record some music with my electric guitar and while playing around and looking the frequencies of single strings I noticed something strange. I took the spectra of the A string and I ...
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Is it possible to create an audible sound source in mid air by intersecting ultrasonic sound beams?

In the book Daemon by Daniel Suarez a technique gets described, that enables a device to create an acoustical illusion of a moving person inside a house. Just then a voice called out clearly from ...
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Is it possible for a sound to be louder as you move away from it?

I was asked a puzzling question/thought experiment: Given the source of a sound in a wide open field so acoustics do not play a role, is it possible for a sound to be louder as you move away from it. ...
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1answer
77 views

Will a sound composed of the frequencies 450Hz, 650Hz 850Hz have a clearly defined musical pitch? Explain

My lecturer says, The perceived pitch of a sound composed of the following harmonics: 750Hz, 1000Hz, 1250Hz is equal to the fundamental frequency which is the highest common factor of the harmonic ...
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210 views

Theory behind patterns formed on Chladni plates?

In this video of vibrating Chladni plates we can see small sand particles align themselves into different interesting patterns (also shown in the image below) which correspond to some particular ...
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42 views

The sound when boiling water [duplicate]

One can hear some sounds when boiling water, and usually the sound is loud initially, then it becomes quieter. When the water is about to boil, the sound starts to be louder again. Also, one may ...
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1answer
34 views

Standing sound wave tube

If there was a standing sound wave tube and a flammable gas was introduced then ignited, would the combustion be more forceful and more efficient since its following a standing wave, than just a gas ...
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Why is sound intensity proportional to the square of sound pressure not to sound pressure alone?

I am trying to understand the physical principles behind the sound intensity and sound pressure. As far as i know, sound intensity is proportionate to the squared sound pressure. Can someone explain ...
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1answer
35 views

Finding the wavelength of acoustic source underwater [closed]

I am currently working on a data fit assignment for my class and ran into some confusion. I will post the entire question here so you can get some background but the only question I have is with ...
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3answers
4k views

Why can't light pass through walls but sound can?

When I sit in a room I can hear voices coming from the adjacent room but the light in adjacent room does not enter my room i.e. sound waves travels through the wall but light waves can't. Why?
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51 views

If we hear a noise long enough, is it going to settle as tinnitus? [closed]

Some equipment sometimes have a high pitch ringing, and I was wondering out of curiosity: can noises (not only drive you crazy but also) settle and become permanent ringing in your ear if you are ...
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Can someone please explain the “infrared catastrophe”?

In my readings I've run into this idea of an "infrared catastrophe" associated with 1/f noise. As far as I can tell it is because when you graph the periodogram of the 1/f signal you see the PSD goes ...
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Can Somebody give me Questions [closed]

Can someone give me questions on physics because I have my Examination tomorrow Class 9th (CBSE) topic : - Fluids(Density,buoyant Force , Archemedis Principal) , Work Power Energy(Work Basics, ...
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Why does sound travel faster in iron than mercury even though mercury has a higher density?

The speed of sound depends on the density of the medium in which it is travelling and increases when the density increases. For example, in solids sound travels faster than in liquid and even faster ...
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Frequency of a Tuning Fork

Question: Which of the following affect the frequency of a tuning fork? Tine stiffness Tine length The force with which it's struck Density of the surrounding air Temperature of the surrounding air ...