Acoustics is the interdisciplinary science that deals with the study of all mechanical waves in gases, liquids, and solids including vibration, sound, ultrasound and infrasound. Applications of acoustics are for instance the audio and noise control industries.

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2013 Russian meteor event, Sonic Boom or Explosion Boom?

In the lastest meteor event in Russia there was a big BOOM heard long after the meteor had passed. In this youtube video we can see at 4:30 the Meteor passing.. then hearing the BOOM at 7:00 , 150 ...
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Calculating displacement amplitude of ultrasonic power transducer

I am not a physicist, but my current project drives me to some physics-related computations, hence seeking help. I have some ultrasonic transducers, 5938D-25LBPZT, for which very limited information ...
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394 views

Can a sound mathematical formula become a science theory?

Can a sound mathematical formula become a science theory if it is constructed using a pattern creation process from sense-data, applied to observations by an inductive mapping, in contrast to ...
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Active speakers picking up cellular tower waves?

Since a week or so a constant high pitch sound (~4khz) emanates from my active monitor speakers. After eliminating any ground or power source issues I noticed, that the sound rises in volume whenever ...
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Does sound propagate further in freezing weather?

A few days ago I went for a walk in the evening. We're having winter with a little snow and freezing temperatures. We're in a quiet, shallow valley with a train station about 1km from us. I heard a ...
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Ultrasonic wave through air

I am not a physicist but I am extremely interested in this area. The simple version of my question is: "What is the maximum range of an ultrasonic wave traveling through air?" Now, I know it depends ...
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276 views

Reflection of sound waves

I was doing a physics experiment, and i encountered a question which i couldnt answer. The experiment was about using a radar technique to measure the speed of sound. The apparatus was a plastic tube ...
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360 views

Orthogonality of modes

I want to know what it exactly means when it is said the modes of vibration are Orthogonal.I understand what it means mathematically but what is its physical interpretation?
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How does sound travel in space?

In relation to this question: How can a black hole produce sound? Which notes that the hole "produces" sound. The top answer states that: What you think of as the hard vacuum of outer space ...
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What information is stored on gramaphones/tape recorders/CDs/DVDs

I'm a Software Developer by profession and my physics knowledge is limited what I had learned at high school level. Please excuse me if the question is trivial. Question: From what I know, a sound ...
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153 views

How come vibrations?

We all know that sound sensation is produced only when sound waves reach upto us. We all know that sound waves are disturbances propagating in air, Vibration is necessary for the generation of sound, ...
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How can a black hole produce sound?

I was reading this article from NASA -- it's NASA -- and literally found myself perplexed. The article describes the discovery that black holes emit a "note" that has physical ramifications on the ...
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171 views

Speed of sound in air

Quick question. I thought that the speed of sound in air was constant, say in the right conditions of pressure and temperature, and humidity... 300 m/s. Now, if I have a sound source that moves ...
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How much information about the scale of a waterfall can be obtained from its sound?

Is it possible to constrain the height, volume flow, or distance of a waterfall from the quantitative analysis of a high-quality recording of its sound? As an aside, the simulated sounds of fluid ...
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682 views

Does altitude affect sound pitch?

Due to differences in air pressure, temperature, and other factors, the speed of sound varies with altitude on Earth. Does this affect the pitch of the sound in any meaningful way? For example, if I ...
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1answer
31 views

How is the wattage of a human larynx calculated?

This site says the typical human voice has a wattage of about 1W. Another site indicates it is 80db with about 0.001W of energy. I'm confused. How does one compare 80db of 0.001W against 1W? Most ...
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199 views

What determines the pitch of a resonant object

What determines what pitch an object such as a bell or tuning fork produces when struck? I have heard that the box in the "king's chamber" of the great pyramid at Giza is tuned to 438 Hz. I know that ...
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236 views

What properties define a good resonator?

In my question "Resonance in a 1 ft granite box", someone answered that my granite box (a one foot cube) would make a very poor resonator, which makes me ask what characteristics make a good ...
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1answer
223 views

Resonance in a 1 ft granite box

I have a granite cube made using 6 slabs of granite 1 foot square and 1 inch thick. The top and bottom slabs have a 1 inch margin around the edge. The slabs are just set together, not notched or ...
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1answer
394 views

What's the difference between photoelastic constant, photoelastic coefficient and the acousto-optic coefficient

I'm reading a few papers about how the optical properties of materials change when a under stress or a force acts upon them. I seem to be encountering the following three terms: Photoelastic ...
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56 views

Does clipping to $m$ guarantee a maximum peak-to-peak amplitude $m$?

There is a technique called clipping in sound synthesis. It is explained on Wikipedia . I make music and like this technique: You make an extreme "fat" noise, maybe with a lot of resonance, but then ...
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392 views

Why does a smaller acoustic impedance mismatch produce lower transmission?

I'm attempting to solve a relatively trivial problem, but cannot seem to convince myself the answer I'm getting is true. I have two scenarios. Scenario 1. An acoustic wave propagates from Medium W ...
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1answer
907 views

Why does the monitor make a cracking noise?

After switching off the monitor, there's a single crack after a while. I wonder where exactly it comes from. I know that this is normal and not an indicator of being defect. This sound is also not ...
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1answer
61 views

Sound intensity and space/things in the way

Suppose you have two stationary people, A and B, who are equally effective in terms of hearing ability, and A emits a sound that is heard by B at a certain intensity. If they remain stationary, and B ...
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565 views

How would natural (resonant) frequencies affect amplitudes?

I read $y=A\sin(2\pi ft)$, where $A$=Amplitude, $f$=Frequency, $t$=Time and $y$=$Y$ position of the wave. Since natural frequencies only take the most effect when they are close to the frequency. How ...
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139 views

Is it possible to reduce the sound, when two metal objects collide (perhaps with some coating) without reducing the rigidity of the surface?

I have a system, where there are ball bearings on the pistons that clamp the metal plate with special dents for ball bearings. The system should be precise, because it is used for microscopy. It also ...
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42 views

Non reflecting boundaries in waveguides

Can someone please explain the Sommerfeld radiation condition and what is the alternative non-reflecting boundary conditions for waveguides of general geometries?
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Design and use of the RLC model for signal processing systems and spatial acoustics

Given a frequency response for a signal processing device, set of devices, or physical space it is possible to construct an equivalent (identical frequency response) series RLC circuit. 1) Does this ...
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649 views

How to relate speed of sound with relative humidity?

I am exploring the idea of measuring the humidity of a space using sound waves, however I am having trouble finding a mathematical relationship between the speed of sound and the humidity level. ...
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215 views

Does light have timbre?

Timbre is a property associated with the shape of a sound wave, that is, the coefficients of the discrete Fourier transform of the corresponding signal. This is why a violin and a piano can each play ...
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1answer
255 views

Why does the echo for soundwaves hitting a vacuum come back out of phase? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Phase shift of 180 degrees on reflection from optically denser medium I've read in a physics book for musicians that, when a soundwave hits a near-solid object, it ...
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1answer
761 views

Meaning of negative frequency of sound wave

Suppose that Alice and Bob are both holding speakers emitting sound at a frequency $f$. Alice is stationary while Bob is moving towards Alice at twice the speed of sound. In the case of Alice, if I ...
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1answer
91 views

How to find the distance of the source of sound in this problem? [closed]

On a cloudy day, the sound of thunder was heard 4.5 s after the flash of light was seen. How far was the cloud? Given that speed of sound = 340 m/s This is what I've tried: speed of light(c) = 10^6 ...
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221 views

How do you find the speed of sound in the problem? [closed]

A stone is dropped into a 40m deep well. The sound of the splash is heard 2.95 seconds after the stone is dropped. Find the speed of sound.
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543 views

Why does my natural whistle have a maximum volume

When I whistle, I find that I can vary the volume by pushing more or less air through my mouth at once. However, when I increase volume past a point, I start to hear a blend of rushing air and a ...
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90 views

The Effects of Moving Matter Across Light-Year distances

If I were to stand at one end of a light-year long metal pole, and another person were to stand one light-year away at the other end, and then I were to push on my end of the pole. How long would it ...
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Frequency of the sound when blowing in a bottle

I'm sure you have tried sometime to make a sound by blowing in an empty bottle. Of course, the tone/frequency of the sound modifies if the bottle changes its shape, volume, etc. I am interested in ...
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Energy distribution between long- and shearwaves after refraction of sound

From this explanation, I learn that sound is refracted according to Snell's Law upon passing a border between materials of different sound speed. I also learn that upon passing the border, a mode ...
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Octave equivalence: biological or more?

I'm a graduate student in mathematics doing a bit of research in signal processing and Fourier analysis and I've come across a question that could probably be better answered by a physicist: Is the ...
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3answers
329 views

Is a soundproofed wall really only as strong as its weakest area?

I've seen a few questions about sound waves and sound travel here on Physics SE, so I'm hoping this question is a good fit for this site. During my internet research on soundproofing, I've come ...
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0answers
140 views

Physical difference between two different attenuation coefficient functions

The attenuation of a wave through a medium can be modeled by the Beer-Lambert Law using an attenuation coefficient. If $I$ is the intensity, and $I_r$ is a reference intensity, then what is the ...
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1answer
621 views

What arrangement of sound waves would be needed to heat air in a typical sized room?

From what I understand, sound is simply the jostling of the molecules that make up the air in a specific pattern, widely known as waves. I also know that these are longitudinal waves. If we were to ...
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Is it possible to travel at precisely the speed of sound?

I've been talking to a friend, and he said that it's impossible to travel at exactly the same speed as the speed of sound is. He argued that it's only possible to break through the sound barrier using ...
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792 views

What characterizes a metallic sound, and why do metals have a metallic sound?

We know that when we strike a metal, it usually has a characteristic "sharp" sound, unlike when we strike wood, say. What characterizes this "metallic sound"? Does it have a well-defined power ...
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1answer
139 views

What is the name for the whistling “musical” sounds that change stepwise in pitch when a hollow tube is spun like a lasso?

You have likely heard those sounds, science museums sometimes sell Flexible plastic tubes you can whirl like a lasso. The air rushing by the end of the tube causes these sounds, which are admitted in ...
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Why does the balloon pop?

When we pierce a balloon with a sharp needle, it pops and produce a great sound. But, It doesn't pop when we open the mouth of the balloon (through which we have blown air)... So, Why doesn't the gas ...
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1answer
4k views

Did Felix Baumgartner produce a sonic boom during his jump?

I really got to thinking about this. The speed of sound is measured at 761.2 MPH at sea level. But how does this number change as air density decreases? The lack of air density is what allowed his ...
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2answers
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I have a question about how sound is produced

How is sound produced looking from the atomic level? My thought process goes like this: Atoms are not perfect circles/solid spheres which we use to describe many macroscopic/classical phenomena.They ...
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1answer
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Science behind the singing wine glass

A wine glass filled with water (approximately half or a quarter), when you use a wet finger and rub the top of the wine glass, the wine glass will produce a sound. I heard that it is because of the ...
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879 views

Doppler effect “apparent frequency”

In discussing Doppler effect, we use the word "apparent frequency". Does it mean that the frequency of the sound is still that of the source and it is some physiological phenomenon in the listener's ...