Acoustics is the interdisciplinary science that deals with the study of all mechanical waves in gases, liquids, and solids including vibration, sound, ultrasound and infrasound. Applications of acoustics are for instance the audio and noise control industries.

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How to get the pressure amplitude at any spatial point?

Working on the pressure equation from the linearized euler equations, I stumble across a very simple problem : How, from the pressure solution of the specific equation (see ...
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452 views

Why does a double-slit experiment with sound waves never result in complete destructive interference?

Today, I find a question that if the speakers are set in parallel towards the wall. It has no complete destructive interference due to difference in distance from the point to each speakers, which ...
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Can sound be used to change trajectory of objects?

I'm doing a fictional history in near future, where there is a very advanced army but i like to keep things real, and my knowledge of physics is very limited...but i know sound has been used to ...
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Would fog impair echolocation abilities?

I was driving down a major highway today and the fog was thick enough I could barely see 40 ft in front of me. I then wondered if I had had some other form of perception could I have perceived my ...
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163 views

Positions and corresponding terminology of “acoustics energy”?

From limited knowledge, decades ago, dating back to the nineteenth century: Ohm's law of specific acoustic energies was the first biological application of Fourier's theorem. Actually, it was ...
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Are there any natural phenomena on Earth that involve supersonic speeds?

Are there any natural phenomena on Earth that involves supersonic speeds, other than volcanic tephra and meteoroids? Edit: By natural I mean not man made like airplanes, rockets, missiles, bullet, ...
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195 views

Significance of higher harmonics

I am analyzing a noise signal and have identified the fundamental frequency of a tone and it's higher harmonics. Say for example given the signal below, The fundamental frequency has a sound ...
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289 views

If a bell is rung in a perfect vacuum and is suspended by opposing magnets will it ever stop ringing?

As far as I am aware a bell rung in a perfect vacuum would only lose energy and stop ringing due to friction between the bell and the hanging mechanism (due to the lack of air resistance). Therefore ...
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615 views

Submarine Speed Detection [closed]

A submarine can use sonar (sound traveling through water) to determine its distance from other objects. The time between the emission of a sound pulse (a “ping”) and the detection of its echo can be ...
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Does Fermat's principle of least time apply to sound waves?

I am reading Feynman's presentation of Fermat's Principle of Least Time, which explains the behavior of light; does it apply to waves in general? for example sound waves or waves on the surface of ...
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How do megaphones work?

I have gone through a lot of Google links before bothering you people. I wanted to know how megaphones work. I only got answers like they direct sound in one direction only (most probably in direction ...
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How can the speed of sound increase with an increase in temperature?

I was reading a textbook. I found that it was mentioned the speed of sound increases with increase in temperature. But sound is a mechanical wave, and it travels faster when molecules are closer. ...
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94 views

Is sound a Nambu-Goldstone mode?

The usual sound exists in solids, liquids, and gases, as a long-wavelength excitation with linear dispersion. Can its presence be attributed to the spontaneous breaking of some symmetry? In other ...
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Finding the time when we hear sound? (Reference Frames )

So a person stands at a far distance from an audio device. The audio device emits a sound and the person wants to get the exact time. He knows about speed of sound and has a meter stick to measure his ...
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145 views

Physical intuition for quadrupole source

In his Theory of Vortex Sound M. S. Howe defines sources "mathematically" (i.e. dipole is a source that could be described as a vector and than there is proved that it's equivalent to a two point ...
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162 views

Ice when melted at zero gravity [closed]

I wish to know the behavior of ice at zero gravity, how ice will behave when melted at g=0? Thanks
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Why doesn't light, which travels faster than sound, produce a sonic boom?

I know that when an object exceeds the speed of sound ($340$ m/s) a sonic boom is produced. Light which travels at $300,000,000$ m/s, much more than the speed of sound but doesn't produce a sonic ...
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143 views

How to calculate the radiation impedance of the horn loudspeaker?

The mouth of the horn is circular and there are many models in order to approximate the radiation impedance, such as: massless circular piston in an infinite baffle, unbaffled massless ...
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Any general method of determining changes in speed of sound with pressure?

I need to correct speed of sound measurements in various gases for changes in ambient pressure, typically 700-1100 mBar. Is there any general theoretical model available for this? Especially something ...
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119 views

Singing for physicists: How to resonate by body cavities with my voice?

My body has various cavities, such as my throat, mouth, chest, and nose. This cavities have resonant frequencies. I also have a voice box, which creates sound. How do I create sounds at the resonant ...
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104 views

Different noise when knock on a hollow wall

This might have a very simple answer, but I was wondering whether there was more to it. When we knock on a wall, the noise is different depending on whether there's a hollow space behind it or not. ...
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What are the rules for breaking a glass with your voice?

So, this morning I woke up and remembered something I discussed about with one of my friends: Can human voice really break a wine glass? So I looked it up and after checking many websites and ...
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74 views

Eqation between sound intensity and distance

For a project I'm trying to build a sound engine as realistic as possible and I am trying to add more features to enhance the sound localization. So far I've only implemented one of the three main ...
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65 views

Sound waves and chromism?

I am definitely not a physicist, but I have a question related to Physics so I thought I'd give it a try. Please excuse my ignorance. :) I am somewhat familiar with the changes in color caused by ...
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Is, in terms of sound, pouring water in a bottle the analogous of blowing into it?

When we pour some liquid in a closed container, for instance a jar or a bottle, we usually hear two (acoustical) noises: one is the classical turbulent (I guess white) noise, that in my view is ...
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70 views

Is it possible to “pull” sound waves using only an object?

Say, for instance, I am outside standing 20 feet away from a speaker. Is there an object I can put on my body that would allow me to feel the bass of the music more, without picking up the vibrations ...
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62 views

Frequency response of a capstan-like mechanical amplifier

Tension on a wire can be amplified by wrapping the wire around a powered rotating capstan, with output force governed by the linear capstan equation, Tout = Tin * emu*theta. Will this equation hold ...
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109 views

Reflection of Sound wave (Pressure Wave)

I want to study about the phenomenon of reflection of pressure waves as in an open ended organ pipe. Please suggest a suitable resource? I know about the harmonics in a stretched string and I can use ...
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64 views

Is it possible to send modulated ultrasound wave from underwater to air?

Is it possible to send modulated ultrasound wave from underwater to air? In case of radio frequency it is refraction loss at the surface between water and air. Is it something similar for ultrasound ...
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Physics of how the cochlea isolates frequencies along its length?

Can anyone explain the separation of frequencies along the basilar membrane of the cochlea please? (equations would be nice) I understand it being related to the resistance caused by fluid in the ...
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2answers
153 views

How can I easily measure the distance between well head and water surface continuously

Reprhasing the question is a more open ended manner: Method 1: Use a pipe and measure it's resonance. Given a closed pipe from 10 to 300 feet in length, and roughly 5/8" in diameter, made of 1/16" ...
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155 views

Maximum Penetration Depth for Ultrasound

How do you define the maximum penetration depth of an ultrasound? I'm assuming it means the depth at which the wave has attenuated to a certain small percentage of the original intensity of the ...
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What's the maximum pressure from an airborne ultrasound transducer?

I'm looking at haptic feedback as an area of research. It's cool because you can "hold" a strawberry or feel a virtual worm crawling on your hand. Here's a video demonstration. ...
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A level 9702/11/o/n/14 question 26 (about interference of sound wave) [closed]

The speakers are identical and they are connected it's series with power, so I thought there would be complete destructive interference. Therefore, at some point the amplitude would be zero and also ...
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What is the source of energy in this system? (resonance realated)

This is curiosity question, sorry if description is too vague. Suppose we have a string attached to some small frame on both sides Then we apply a force by plucking it with a finger, lets say 5.0 N ...
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How can I decrease the volume of a sound wave?

I have a sound wave in a computer, represented as a series of values (samples). Each sample is in the range roughly between -30000 and 30000. Say I want to decrease the loudness of the entire wave by ...
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How can I add two sound waves without reaching distortion - always keep them under a certain value?

I'm working on a program that adds sound waves on top of each other. I read that the best way to do that (correct me if I'm wrong) is to simply add them together. However, this way I easily reach ...
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60 views

How can I add a sound wave on top of an existing one, without harming the original's loudness?

I'm working on a program that has to do with adding sound waves on top of sound waves. Currently what I'm doing is simply an average of the two waves. So if I have wave ...
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Where do sound waves go after being heard?

I honestly can't come up with anything that makes sense, because obviously, energy cannot be created nor destroyed. I think the question is pretty self-explanatory, so there isn't much to say here.
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can a really loud sound travel in space?

I heard in a discovery news video that there is one particle every cubic cm in space. So, if i were to vibrate a circularbody of say mass 10000000kg at 10000000000000000000000Khz, would i be able to ...
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Could I break the sound barrier using circular motion? (And potentially create a sonic boom?)

Ok, Lets say I get out my household vaccum cleaner, the typical RPM for a dyson vaccum cleaner reachers 104K RPM, Or 1.733K RPS. In theory, this disc would be travelling with a time period of ...
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Efficiency of a resonant piezo-electric transducer in air

Anyone have ballpark figures for the typical efficiency of piezo transducers in air at low ultrasonic frequencies eg 100kHz? I'm looking for energy in versus sonic energy out.
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492 views

Why does the human body feel loud music?

I was sitting close to a speaker and I could feel the sound coming from it all over my body, especially in my heart, and it pounded with the loud beats of the music. Was my heart pounding because of ...
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22 views

speed of sound and ultrasound machine

How can you determine the speed of sound of a liquid using a medical ultrasound probe? I am unable to get a hold of a hydrophone. Is it possible to determine C using a or m mode?
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Zero stress boundary conditions for the acoustic wave function

When is it appropriate to use zero normal stress boundary conditions when solving the acoustic wave equation. That is when the pressure is equal to zero.
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Frequency resonance of Bones, and other parts of the human body [duplicate]

Today in class we were learning about states of matter. I found out that in a solid the atoms are vibrating. This caused me to think about how crystal glass will break if an opera singer sings high ...
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Does a sonic pulse in a gas enhance thermal mixing?

I have a sonic pulse consisting of around 10 cycles that is propagated longitudinally through a gas in a tube. If there are thermal differentials in the gas (say between case and central portion of ...
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64 views

If I accelerate a mass quickly enough through a short distance (i.e. unit step function), would I create wind, sound, and heat?

As far as I know, the movement of air molecules can result in what we call wind, sound, or heat (and maybe some other things I'm not thinking of), depending on the assumptions about its motion. Wind ...
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Bell in a vacuum, where does the sound energy go?

I'm not educated in physics, but I learned that a bell struck in a small vacuum chamber will not be heard by people around it (in a school science lab). If it had been surrounded by air, there would ...
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222 views

different liquid in a container produce different sound

Does the type of liquid in a container affect the sound it produces? example like milk, water and coffee produce a minute different sound