Acoustics is the interdisciplinary science that deals with the study of all mechanical waves in gases, liquids, and solids including vibration, sound, ultrasound and infrasound. Applications of acoustics are for instance the audio and noise control industries.

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Can I alternate between notes really fast and have it sound like a chord?

The question basically amounts to whether I can construct the illusion of superposition with adjacent sine waves of varying frequency. Context I'm trying to play music on a Tesla Coil (like OneTesla ...
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0answers
104 views

How can one calculate the distance a particular sound will travel?

What do you need and how to calculate a distance traveled by sound? For example if you hit a bell with a specific amount of power how far will it travel?
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0answers
78 views

Sound - for purposes of vibration

What is the best way to distribute noise from more than one source (I'm envisioning a system with many), within a dome, with the ground as its primary target, at optimal frequencies and volumes to ...
3
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1answer
75 views

Can a room resonate at a frequency lower than the principal frequency?

I'm the bass in our high school a cappella group. Recently we had a performance in our auditorium, and I am almost certain I heard the pitch an octave lower than I was singing. I was singing E3 (164 ...
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1answer
46 views

Predicting the direction of sound incorrectly? [closed]

When i was sitting outside my house yesterday, I heard a strange sharp sound. I could not point out it's exact direction but apparently looked like coming from left but later my friend told me that an ...
2
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1answer
279 views

How far do air particles move when a sound wave passes through them?

How far do air particles move when a sound wave passes through them? I know that they don't actually travel, the question is how far do they oscillate or what is the physical amplitude of the ...
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1answer
379 views

Could submarine SONAR kill a diver?

Could a diver swimming next to a submarine be killed or seriously injured by its SONAR? What physical aspect of SONAR affects the human body in a potential harmful way?
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2answers
83 views

Given stereo sound record, is there an algorithm extract the sound coming from a direction?

Given a stereo record of music with singing (2 channels), subtract the left-channel waveform by the right-channel's, you might get the music only without the human singing. The question is: can I, ...
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1answer
397 views

Why do we need hard steel balls to produce an unusual ‘chirping’ sound?

When two hard steel balls, or similar, are brought gently into contact with each other, an unusual ‘chirping’ sound may be produced.why do we need this material or shape to produce that sound?
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1answer
288 views

Why does a container with fluid make different sounds at different fluid levels?

Have you ever noticed that when you are filling a container with fluid. As it approaches the top, it makes a different sound? You can tell by listening when your about to reach the top. Why is this?
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4answers
290 views

Does a sound at 50dB at 1m have the same intensity of a sound of 51dB at 10m?

Does a sound at 50dB at 1m have the same intensity of a sound of 51dB at 10m, and also the same intensity of a 52dB sound at 100m?
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2answers
173 views

Is it possible to estimate the speed of wind by the sound emitted by a cable of an overhead power line?

I was near ($\approx40m$) an overhead power line and I heard a sound coming from the cables of the power line; I think the sound was made by the vibrations of the power cables due to the wind but I am ...
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2answers
207 views

Is speed of sound really constant?

Does not speed of sound actually depend on the frequency and/or amplitude of the waves? If so, why it is constant?
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3answers
308 views

Why does a “speed of sound” exist?

I've recently read that wind cannot be faster than the speed of sound (german source). But why is there a speed of sound? I understand (well, mostly accept to be honest) that the speed of light in ...
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1answer
94 views

Diffraction of sound

The sound waves, by the virtue of it being a wave, shows diffraction and interference. But in diffraction, I learnt that if the wave is allowed to enter through a small aperture, there is a central ...
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1answer
278 views

Why do we hear this mysterious sound?

Sit in a silent place and then bring your hands close to your ears and cover your ears, you will start hearing some sound but if you remove your hands you don't hear it anymore. Can anyone explain ...
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0answers
64 views

Rijke tube: Why Sound is maximum when heated 1/4th length from bottom of tube

Why is it that the maximum sound coming from a Rijke tube happens only when heated wire gauze is placed at 1/4th the length of the tube from the bottom. According to Rayleigh: If heat be ...
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1answer
108 views

Frequency shift without affecting signal length

Non-physicist here. From what I've learned in university and what common sense says, a shift in frequency of a signal results in a change in its length in time. For example, if a sinusoid signal of ...
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3answers
355 views

Using water to amplify sound

It seems that water generally dampens sound waves. Is there any way one could attach a speaker to a body of water in such a way that the water would actually amplify some frequencies (for nearby ...
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0answers
85 views

To what degree does guitar construction affects the vibration of the strings?

There's an old debate going on in the guitar community about how much does wood choice and body shape affect the sound of an electric guitar. No one denies that there's a difference acoustically (how ...
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1answer
60 views

Logarithmic intensity formula factor?

In formulae for sound intensity and sound pressure, there is a logarithm part for the logarithmic increase of the quantity we're studying, and also a numerical factor 10 or 20 depending on the ...
8
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1answer
325 views

Are pure mechanical evanescent waves possible?

Consider a lattice of massive points connected by harmonic springs, with zero or periodic boundary conditions. If we make a repeating pattern of $N$ varying masses, the system will have $N$ bands of ...
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1answer
183 views

Why are there usually grids in front of sound speakers?

Usually, the sound speakers have this metal grid. However, not all of them have this. Is there any purpose, maybe related to the sound quality, that justifies this? Or is it only for physically ...
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1answer
909 views

Theory behind patterns formed on Chladni plates?

In this video of vibrating Chladni plates we can see small sand particles align themselves into different interesting patterns (also shown in the image below) which correspond to some particular ...
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1answer
78 views

Differences of waves in water and air

When one drops a pebble in a body of water, one can observe multiple waves emanating from the point the pebble came in contact with water. Be it because the water "jumps" up and comes back down, ...
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1answer
124 views

Modeling sound resonance in an arbitrary cavity

I am trying to solve a challenging problem, and I'm hoping for some advice on how to proceed. I want to model sound waves in a cavity for the purpose of determining resonance. The plan is to answer ...
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2answers
183 views

Numerical simulation of sound propagation in air

How does one go about accurately modeling sound propagation in a room (with reflections, absorption, and diffusion characteristics) from the motion of a loud speaker? More specifically what are the ...
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1answer
5k views

Outdoor Active Noise Canceling Speaker [closed]

I would like to understand how to create an active noise canceling system to reduce the noise coming from a street road bump. The advantage is that the area the noise is coming from is very small.
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5answers
10k views

Do low frequency sounds really carry longer distances?

It is a common belief that low frequencies travel longer distances. Indeed, the bass is really what you hear when the neighbor plays his HiFi loud (Woom Woom). Try asking people around, a lot of them ...
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2answers
120 views

Can sound be propagated without initial mechanical interference?

I have researched up a little on sound, and it seems that sound is a mechanical wave that propagates through the air as energy, and that is how we hear it through our ears. Depending on the medium's ...
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7answers
669 views

Is it possible for a sound to be louder as you move away from it?

I was asked a puzzling question/thought experiment: Given the source of a sound in a wide open field so acoustics do not play a role, is it possible for a sound to be louder as you move away from it. ...
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3answers
163 views

Why does the sound of a tuning fork change as we walk away?

This is a question I got for my class. We have the following situation. We take two tuning forks, we hit them, then we take one of the tuning forks and walk away with it. The sound changes as we walk ...
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4answers
105 views

what could generate a high-pitched whine in electronics where the frequency depends on the current?

So I was operating a Laue machine recently which generates x-rays and fires them at a sample, and I noticed that there was a high-pitched whine coming from the instrument (nothing abnormal, just ...
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2answers
197 views

Does sound cancel itself out?

If there are two 10 x 2 x 1 foot rectangles in space and they are lined up so if they hit each other there will be no spots that are not hit in the front of the rectangle. Then they are pushed forward ...
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0answers
62 views

Sound localization using cross-correlation

I am using cross correlation for sound localization. I have a four microphone array (arranged linearly). My problem is, sometimes the time diff found by cross correlation between a given pair of mics ...
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1answer
81 views

Why are waves, the means, of information transfer over long distances, excluding difusion or contact of info stored in matter

Practical long distance communication, which does not rely on the movement of encoded configurations of matter, from source to destination(odor,books,DNA,floppy disk), always involves waves (EM, ...
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2answers
99 views

Why does this cowbell appear to vibrate at the wrong frequencies?

The cowbell in question: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OuU0BzXm-qk In most cowbells, the larger the metal dome, the lower the frequency produced. What would cause a phenomenon where the opposite is ...
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1answer
125 views

At what frequency would a quartz crystal shatter?

Would it be possible to emit a sound at such a frequency that a quartz crystal inside of a watch would shatter? (Rendering the watch useless)
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1answer
179 views

The Mysterious Reverb in a Jar of Hair Gel

I have a small jar filled with hair styling gel (or, as it calls itself: Ultra Gel-Wax). The jar is cylindrical(with the height being less than the width), has an unscreweable lid and is made of ...
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1answer
66 views

Algorithm to simulate impulse response of a solid?

There are well-documented methods of calculating the impulse response of a room (ex. image method, ray-tracing method); however, I have not been able to find anything similar for the impulse response ...
4
votes
1answer
218 views

Speed of sound in non-newtonian fluids

Recently I saw some videos of non-newtonian (shear-thickening) fluids like corn starch mixed with water(sometimes known as oobleck), where the fluid is placed on top of a speaker cone and starts to ...
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1answer
418 views

How to Calculate temperature, given speed of sound and relative humidity?

I know the solution in reverse direction, but I find it very complex to go the other way around and calculate the temperature when given the speed of sound and relative humidity, any ideas?
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0answers
52 views

Sound Intensity Measurements convert to Sound Power

If you need to have Sound Power results and the location that the microphone needs to be to make the measurement(per the standard) is not accessible. There is a machine part in between the ...
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1answer
351 views

How does concave bowl amplifies the sound?

I recently came across an article / answer in Quora see here that mentioned that if we place the iPhone in a bowl and play music, the volume is amplified. What is the physics principle behind this?
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2answers
309 views

Relationship between Stoke's law of sound attenuation and the inverse square law

In attempting to find a reference for explaining sound propagation, I came across this article in Wikipedia: Stokes law(sound attenuation) What I learnt in high school is that sound is propagated by ...
2
votes
1answer
210 views

If the source of sound is vibration, why can't we “hear” a object whose molecules are vibrating?

According to our physics textbook, the source of sound is vibration. According to our chemistry textbook, substances in solid state have molecules vibrating in a fixed position. So why can't I hear my ...
3
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0answers
52 views

Why does the echo of the last chord appear to rise in pitch

I - and others - observe that when a musical performance ends, the echo of the last chord appears to rise in pitch by up to a quarter tone while the echo decays. This effect appears to be independent ...
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1answer
219 views

How to determine the positions of two points in a radial line by an intensity level dB?

The following is the question from my school. A source emits sound uniformly in all directions. A radial line is drawn from this source. On this line, determine the positions of two points, 1.00m ...
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1answer
177 views

Why doesn't sound infinitely loop?

Let say we have a microphone and a speaker. The microphone will receive the surrounding sound, and the speaker will amplify it. Assume we have unlimited power for the microphone and speaker, so they ...
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1answer
541 views

Simple explanation of relation between speed of sound and r.m.s. speed?

In an ideal gas, the speed of sound $v_s$ is related to the r.m.s. molecular speed $v_m$ by $$\frac{v_s}{v_m}=\sqrt{\frac{\gamma}{3}} \qquad ,$$ where $\gamma=C_p/C_v=7/5$ for a diatomic gas. I ...