Acoustics is the interdisciplinary science that deals with the study of all mechanical waves in gases, liquids, and solids including vibration, sound, ultrasound and infrasound. Applications of acoustics are for instance the audio and noise control industries.

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Are there any musical instruments which use resonance tubes with two closed ends?

Many musical instruments use resonance tubes with one closed end - all brass instruments (I think), clarinet, etc. There are also instruments where both ends are open (flute, pipes) Are there any ...
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49 views

Why do the chargers produce persistent high pitch sound?

I have noticed that my Nexus Orb charger and a charger for the shaver produce some unpleasant high pitch sounds - near the fork. Why are they doing this? Does it indicate any problem with my ...
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59 views

About our voice transferred into electrical signal

I know when we speak to the microphone, the pitch of our voice cause the vibration of magnet in the microphone, thus causing generation of different voltages of electrical signal. But my question is: ...
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127 views

Why does a microphone membrane only measure pressure and not particle velocity?

Microphones (e.g. condenser microphone) are assumed to have a voltage output proportional to the sound pressure at the diaphragm. If the operating principle is that the voltage output is proportional ...
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0answers
31 views

Justifying order of magnitude reasoning

So in the context of a set of notes I am reading about acoustics I get to equation (23) in this paper. Basically it comes down to showing that (note the dots above the a's meaning time derivative!) ...
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3answers
89 views

What is sound in terms of acoustic sources?

Sound is nothing more than small amplitude, unsteady pressure perturbations that propagate as a longitudinal wave from a region in space which created it (called the source region) into a quiescent ...
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137 views

Does vortex shedding exist along the surface of an object?

Vortex shedding occurs due to the detachment of flow. The typical example is for the oscillating wake behind a cylinder, and has a frequency related to the size of the object. I want to know, if a ...
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0answers
40 views

What is the longest distance over which echolocation is effective?

Some animals, most notably bats, use echolocation in order to navigate and detect the location and size of objects and prey. This usually takes place over short distances. What are the theoretical ...
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115 views

Harmonic frequencies of electric guitar are detuned. What could be the cause?

I have tried to record some music with my electric guitar and while playing around and looking the frequencies of single strings I noticed something strange. I took the spectra of the A string and I ...
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6answers
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Without seeing the lightning, can you tell how far away it struck by how the thunder sounds?

Is there any way to tell how far away a lightning strike is by how its thunder sounds? I thought one way might be by using the fact that higher frequencies travel faster than lower frequencies. Would ...
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1answer
214 views

Will a sound composed of the frequencies 450Hz, 650Hz 850Hz have a clearly defined musical pitch? Why?

According to my lecturer, the perceived pitch of a sound composed of the following harmonics: 750Hz, 1000Hz, 1250Hz is equal to the fundamental frequency which is the highest common factor of the ...
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6answers
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Why can't you hear music well over a telephone line?

Why can't you hear music well well over a telephone line? I was asked this question in an interview for a university study placement and I unfortunately had no idea. I was given the hint that the ...
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0answers
77 views

The sound when boiling water [duplicate]

One can hear some sounds when boiling water, and usually the sound is loud initially, then it becomes quieter. When the water is about to boil, the sound starts to be louder again. Also, one may ...
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2answers
104 views

Sound as a use to separate molecular structures

Sound can be a destructive force. However, could it be used to separate say the Hydrogen atom from the Oxygen atoms?
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1answer
53 views

Standing sound wave tube

If there was a standing sound wave tube and a flammable gas was introduced then ignited, would the combustion be more forceful and more efficient since its following a standing wave, than just a gas ...
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2answers
166 views

Why is sound intensity proportional to the square of sound pressure not to sound pressure alone?

I am trying to understand the physical principles behind the sound intensity and sound pressure. As far as i know, sound intensity is proportionate to the squared sound pressure. Can someone explain ...
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1answer
52 views

Finding the wavelength of acoustic source underwater [closed]

I am currently working on a data fit assignment for my class and ran into some confusion. I will post the entire question here so you can get some background but the only question I have is with ...
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1answer
54 views

If we hear a noise long enough, is it going to settle as tinnitus? [closed]

Some equipment sometimes have a high pitch ringing, and I was wondering out of curiosity: can noises (not only drive you crazy but also) settle and become permanent ringing in your ear if you are ...
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0answers
41 views

Can Somebody give me Questions [closed]

Can someone give me questions on physics because I have my Examination tomorrow Class 9th (CBSE) topic : - Fluids(Density,buoyant Force , Archemedis Principal) , Work Power Energy(Work Basics, ...
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2answers
122 views

Can someone please explain the “infrared catastrophe”?

In my readings I've run into this idea of an "infrared catastrophe" associated with 1/f noise. As far as I can tell it is because when you graph the periodogram of the 1/f signal you see the PSD goes ...
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0answers
33 views

Math formula for crystal glass resonance [duplicate]

For a music therapy experiment, I have to use several crystal glasses with water and different cylindrical shapes, and make them vibrate and produce different sounds. Is there a math formula that ...
2
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1answer
100 views

Is Sound Considered a Subtopic of Physics? What are the SI Units of Sound?

Does physics cover sound? If so, why does sound not have units in the SI system, or how would we measure sounds and frequency? I guess it's debatable, but why isn't it standard practice in physics?
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0answers
32 views

help me.. please [duplicate]

I'm a total novice to physics so please forgive me but I'm looking for a starting point on sound, frequencies and everything to do with electricity. Preferably books because my internet usage is ...
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5answers
3k views

Why does sound travel faster in iron than mercury even though mercury has a higher density?

The speed of sound depends on the density of the medium in which it is travelling and increases when the density increases. For example, in solids sound travels faster than in liquid and even faster ...
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35 views

Does the photon-phonon interaction always rotates the photon polarization of 90°?

I'm reading about the acousto-optic effect and on the Acousto-Optical Tunable Filters on particular and wanted to understand the physics under its working. I found this paper ...
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2answers
983 views

Why I hear sound from downstairs clearer than sound from upstairs?

In all the houses of two levels where I have been, why I hear the sound from downstairs clearer when I am at the second level, than I hear sound from upstairs when I am at the first level? Does sound ...
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1answer
349 views

Does gravity have any effect on sound waves? [duplicate]

If gravity at a place increases or decreases, does it affect the sound wave propagating through that place. If for certain place gravity increases on earth will there be change in direction or ...
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2answers
66 views

“In-head” sound intensity with and without earplugs

When you bite something in two pieces, e.g. a piece of hard candy, you hear the sound through two sources: vibrations in the air, entering your ears from the outside and internal vibrations in your ...
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3answers
156 views

'ting' 'ting' sound from a tube-light?

Whenever I light up a tube-light it makes 'ting' 'ting' sound every-time it blinks. I am talking about this tube-light Why is it so? I think its because of sparking(inside glass tube) ...
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0answers
51 views

How does the construction of a hydrophone differ from a microphone? [closed]

Both devices serve the same function, but a hydrophone must do it in a denser medium. What's the major difference in design? (besides being water-proof!) I'm asking about the relevant physics driving ...
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2answers
612 views

The shape of speaker cones

This is related to another question I just asked, but they are different enough I thought it deserved its own spot. Speaker elements seem to always be shaped like a cone with a portion of a sphere at ...
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3answers
131 views

The physics of sound boards

As a kid I was bemused at why soundboards worked. A small sound could be demonstrably amplified simply by attaching the source to a surface that is rigid and not too thick. How could the volume ...
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1answer
136 views

Does the frequency of a vibrating substance like a string depend on its properties or simply depend on the agent which vibrates the string?

We know that if someone vibrates a substance like a string, the string oscillates with its natural frequency. But I think the frequency depends on the rate the agent like a man's hand does vibration ...
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1answer
66 views

propagation of sound energy [duplicate]

In my previous questions like 'how do compressions and relaxation carry energy...' and 'how are they not isothermal...' and 'where does the heat come from in the compressed gas...',i've made ...
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2answers
102 views

Picking up audio using high speed video?

In the movie Eagle Eye, ARIIA (an intelligence-gathering supercomputer/AI) picks up audio using video recording of the vibrations in a coffee cup. How close is this to reality? I have see it done ...
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1answer
61 views

how does the temperature of a gas increase when compressed by an external agent during sound production? [duplicate]

Suppose a vibrating tuning fork compresses air molecules.And for this it has to do work.As compression occurs,its temperature increases.Does the energy spent by the fork go as the increased internal ...
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1answer
167 views

how do compression and expansion of air transfer energy(sound) and why it is adiabatic not isothermal?

Suppose a vibrating fork exerts force to the air particles to compress which leads to the increase of internal energy (heat).This heat or energy given by the fork is given to the next layer of air and ...
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1answer
136 views

How do speakers play sounds with multiple sources?

I know that speakers produce sound by creating a pressure wave, but I don't understand how when they play music or games you can hear the different sources. I guess what I'm asking is how do they play ...
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7answers
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Is it fair to judge this speedskating race by only 3 thousands of a second?

I'm reading this article: Zbigniew Brodka of Poland won the Olympic men's 1,500 meters speed skating title by just 0.003 seconds at the Adler Arena on Saturday. Brodka clocked one minute, ...
3
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1answer
108 views

Is the Doppler effect for sound symmetrical for observer or source movement?

It makes intuitive sense to me for the apparent frequency of a sound as modified by the Doppler effect to be based entirely on the speed at which the observer and the source get closer or farther ...
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3answers
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Speed of sound at temperatures below 0 °C

How can the speed of sound be calculated for temperatures below 0 °C (down to -40 °C)? Does the calculation $v=331\ \frac{m}{s} + 0.6 \frac{m}{s°C} \times T$ still hold (where T's unit is ...
3
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1answer
94 views

Speed of Sound?

The speed of sound in a gas may be given by the following formula, $$c = (kRT)^{1/2},$$ where $k$ is specific heat ratio, $R$ is the gas constant and $T$ is the temperature. What are the limits of ...
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1answer
399 views

Why do you hear an acute sound when you rub your shoe on the floor?

Sorry for the silly question, but I've been wondering about this for quite some time. After raining when I get home I rub my shoe's wet outsole on the floor and I hear an extremely acute (high pitch) ...
3
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0answers
100 views

Nonsensical dispersion relations for elastic wave propagation

In an earlier question about Einstein notation, a link was provided to a medical paper which used acoustic propagation to noninvasively detect the orientation of muscle fibers. In short, muscle fibers ...
2
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1answer
268 views

Why does a cooling motorcycle make popping noises?

I was sitting in my parked car tonight when a Harley-Davidson motorcycle parked next to me. With my window down, I could hear that as the motorcycle was cooling down, it was giving off some type of ...
8
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2answers
368 views

Is it possible to create an audible sound source in mid air by intersecting ultrasonic sound beams?

In the book Daemon by Daniel Suarez a technique gets described, that enables a device to create an acoustical illusion of a moving person inside a house. Just then a voice called out clearly from ...
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0answers
61 views

What is the magnitude of the sound that a Helmholtz Resonator attenuates?

I know that the shape of the Helmholtz Resonator, specifically its neck shape and the volume of its cavity, determine the resonance frequency of the resonator. Moreover, the resonance frequency is ...
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1answer
79 views

Doppler effect observed in octaves

I have a question about the interpretation of the Doppler effect, when you look at the results as a change in octaves. Nothing actually changes when you look at the result in octaves instead of ...
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1answer
77 views

Car horn in the cold

I live in Chicago, where it is EXTREMELY cold right now. A couple of mornings ago it was -20C in the morning, and as I was driving through a parking lot a car pulled out of a space right in front of ...
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1answer
130 views

Is there a sound that explodes gunpowder? [closed]

Is there a certain frequency of sound/noise that will cause gunpowder to explode?