Acoustics is the interdisciplinary science that deals with the study of all mechanical waves in gases, liquids, and solids including vibration, sound, ultrasound and infrasound. Applications of acoustics are for instance the audio and noise control industries.

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how does the temperature of a gas increase when compressed by an external agent during sound production? [duplicate]

Suppose a vibrating tuning fork compresses air molecules.And for this it has to do work.As compression occurs,its temperature increases.Does the energy spent by the fork go as the increased internal ...
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109 views

how do compression and expansion of air transfer energy(sound) and why it is adiabatic not isothermal?

Suppose a vibrating fork exerts force to the air particles to compress which leads to the increase of internal energy (heat).This heat or energy given by the fork is given to the next layer of air and ...
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59 views

How do speakers play sounds with multiple sources?

I know that speakers produce sound by creating a pressure wave, but I don't understand how when they play music or games you can hear the different sources. I guess what I'm asking is how do they play ...
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Is it fair to judge this speedskating race by only 3 thousands of a second?

I'm reading this article: Zbigniew Brodka of Poland won the Olympic men's 1,500 meters speed skating title by just 0.003 seconds at the Adler Arena on Saturday. Brodka clocked one minute, ...
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Is the Doppler effect for sound symmetrical for observer or source movement?

It makes intuitive sense to me for the apparent frequency of a sound as modified by the Doppler effect to be based entirely on the speed at which the observer and the source get closer or farther ...
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Speed of sound at temperatures below 0 °C

How can the speed of sound be calculated for temperatures below 0 °C (down to -40 °C)? Does the calculation $v=331\ \frac{m}{s} + 0.6 \frac{m}{s°C} \times T$ still hold (where T's unit is ...
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Speed of Sound?

The speed of sound in a gas may be given by the following formula, $$c = (kRT)^{1/2},$$ where $k$ is specific heat ratio, $R$ is the gas constant and $T$ is the temperature. What are the limits of ...
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277 views

Why do you hear an acute sound when you rub your shoe on the floor?

Sorry for the silly question, but I've been wondering about this for quite some time. After raining when I get home I rub my shoe's wet outsole on the floor and I hear an extremely acute (high pitch) ...
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Nonsensical dispersion relations for elastic wave propagation

In an earlier question about Einstein notation, a link was provided to a medical paper which used acoustic propagation to noninvasively detect the orientation of muscle fibers. In short, muscle fibers ...
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102 views

Why does a cooling motorcycle make popping noises?

I was sitting in my parked car tonight when a Harley-Davidson motorcycle parked next to me. With my window down, I could hear that as the motorcycle was cooling down, it was giving off some type of ...
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Is it possible to create an audible sound source in mid air by intersecting ultrasonic sound beams?

In the book Daemon by Daniel Suarez a technique gets described, that enables a device to create an acoustical illusion of a moving person inside a house. Just then a voice called out clearly from ...
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What is the magnitude of the sound that a Helmholtz Resonator attenuates?

I know that the shape of the Helmholtz Resonator, specifically its neck shape and the volume of its cavity, determine the resonance frequency of the resonator. Moreover, the resonance frequency is ...
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Doppler effect observed in octaves

I have a question about the interpretation of the Doppler effect, when you look at the results as a change in octaves. Nothing actually changes when you look at the result in octaves instead of ...
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65 views

Car horn in the cold

I live in Chicago, where it is EXTREMELY cold right now. A couple of mornings ago it was -20C in the morning, and as I was driving through a parking lot a car pulled out of a space right in front of ...
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69 views

Is there a sound that explodes gunpowder? [closed]

Is there a certain frequency of sound/noise that will cause gunpowder to explode?
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58 views

Would it be possible to distinguish rap and singing from just seeing the soundwaves?

For any person even remotely familiar with music it is obvious that rap and singing are easily distinguishable (save for some interesting mix styles). This means that there must be a clear difference, ...
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Can I alternate between notes really fast and have it sound like a chord?

The question basically amounts to whether I can construct the illusion of superposition with adjacent sine waves of varying frequency. Context I'm trying to play music on a Tesla Coil (like OneTesla ...
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How can one calculate the distance a particular sound will travel?

What do you need and how to calculate a distance traveled by sound? For example if you hit a bell with a specific amount of power how far will it travel?
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Sound - for purposes of vibration

What is the best way to distribute noise from more than one source (I'm envisioning a system with many), within a dome, with the ground as its primary target, at optimal frequencies and volumes to ...
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60 views

Can a room resonate at a frequency lower than the principal frequency?

I'm the bass in our high school a cappella group. Recently we had a performance in our auditorium, and I am almost certain I heard the pitch an octave lower than I was singing. I was singing E3 (164 ...
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Predicting the direction of sound incorrectly? [closed]

When i was sitting outside my house yesterday, I heard a strange sharp sound. I could not point out it's exact direction but apparently looked like coming from left but later my friend told me that an ...
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1answer
149 views

How far do air particles move when a sound wave passes through them?

How far do air particles move when a sound wave passes through them? I know that they don't actually travel, the question is how far do they oscillate or what is the physical amplitude of the ...
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95 views

Could submarine SONAR kill a diver?

Could a diver swimming next to a submarine be killed or seriously injured by its SONAR? What physical aspect of SONAR affects the human body in a potential harmful way?
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Given stereo sound record, is there an algorithm extract the sound coming from a direction?

Given a stereo record of music with singing (2 channels), subtract the left-channel waveform by the right-channel's, you might get the music only without the human singing. The question is: can I, ...
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270 views

Why do we need hard steel balls to produce an unusual ‘chirping’ sound?

When two hard steel balls, or similar, are brought gently into contact with each other, an unusual ‘chirping’ sound may be produced.why do we need this material or shape to produce that sound?
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139 views

Why does a container with fluid make different sounds at different fluid levels?

Have you ever noticed that when you are filling a container with fluid. As it approaches the top, it makes a different sound? You can tell by listening when your about to reach the top. Why is this?
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Does a sound at 50dB at 1m have the same intensity of a sound of 51dB at 10m?

Does a sound at 50dB at 1m have the same intensity of a sound of 51dB at 10m, and also the same intensity of a 52dB sound at 100m?
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Is it possible to estimate the speed of wind by the sound emitted by a cable of an overhead power line?

I was near ($\approx40m$) an overhead power line and I heard a sound coming from the cables of the power line; I think the sound was made by the vibrations of the power cables due to the wind but I am ...
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84 views

Is speed of sound really constant?

Does not speed of sound actually depend on the frequency and/or amplitude of the waves? If so, why it is constant?
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199 views

Why does a “speed of sound” exist?

I've recently read that wind cannot be faster than the speed of sound (german source). But why is there a speed of sound? I understand (well, mostly accept to be honest) that the speed of light in ...
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Diffraction of sound

The sound waves, by the virtue of it being a wave, shows diffraction and interference. But in diffraction, I learnt that if the wave is allowed to enter through a small aperture, there is a central ...
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Why do we hear this mysterious sound?

Sit in a silent place and then bring your hands close to your ears and cover your ears, you will start hearing some sound but if you remove your hands you don't hear it anymore. Can anyone explain ...
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Rijke tube: Why Sound is maximum when heated 1/4th length from bottom of tube

Why is it that the maximum sound coming from a Rijke tube happens only when heated wire gauze is placed at 1/4th the length of the tube from the bottom. According to Rayleigh: If heat be ...
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79 views

Frequency shift without affecting signal length

Non-physicist here. From what I've learned in university and what common sense says, a shift in frequency of a signal results in a change in its length in time. For example, if a sinusoid signal of ...
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159 views

Using water to amplify sound

It seems that water generally dampens sound waves. Is there any way one could attach a speaker to a body of water in such a way that the water would actually amplify some frequencies (for nearby ...
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To what degree does guitar construction affects the vibration of the strings?

There's an old debate going on in the guitar community about how much does wood choice and body shape affect the sound of an electric guitar. No one denies that there's a difference acoustically (how ...
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47 views

Logarithmic intensity formula factor?

In formulae for sound intensity and sound pressure, there is a logarithm part for the logarithmic increase of the quantity we're studying, and also a numerical factor 10 or 20 depending on the ...
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246 views

Are pure mechanical evanescent waves possible?

Consider a lattice of massive points connected by harmonic springs, with zero or periodic boundary conditions. If we make a repeating pattern of $N$ varying masses, the system will have $N$ bands of ...
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127 views

Why are there usually grids in front of sound speakers?

Usually, the sound speakers have this metal grid. However, not all of them have this. Is there any purpose, maybe related to the sound quality, that justifies this? Or is it only for physically ...
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201 views

Theory behind patterns formed on Chladni plates?

In this video of vibrating Chladni plates we can see small sand particles align themselves into different interesting patterns (also shown in the image below) which correspond to some particular ...
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Differences of waves in water and air

When one drops a pebble in a body of water, one can observe multiple waves emanating from the point the pebble came in contact with water. Be it because the water "jumps" up and comes back down, ...
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Modeling sound resonance in an arbitrary cavity

I am trying to solve a challenging problem, and I'm hoping for some advice on how to proceed. I want to model sound waves in a cavity for the purpose of determining resonance. The plan is to answer ...
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121 views

Numerical simulation of sound propagation in air

How does one go about accurately modeling sound propagation in a room (with reflections, absorption, and diffusion characteristics) from the motion of a loud speaker? More specifically what are the ...
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Outdoor Active Noise Canceling Speaker

I would like to understand how to create an active noise canceling system to reduce the noise coming from a street road bump. The advantage is that the area the noise is coming from is very small.
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Do low frequency sounds really carry longer distances?

It is a common belief that low frequencies travel longer distances. Indeed, the bass is really what you hear when the neighbor plays his HiFi loud (Woom Woom). Try asking people around, a lot of them ...
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Can sound be propagated without initial mechanical interference?

I have researched up a little on sound, and it seems that sound is a mechanical wave that propagates through the air as energy, and that is how we hear it through our ears. Depending on the medium's ...
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237 views

Is it possible for a sound to be louder as you move away from it?

I was asked a puzzling question/thought experiment: Given the source of a sound in a wide open field so acoustics do not play a role, is it possible for a sound to be louder as you move away from it. ...
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141 views

Why does the sound of a tuning fork change as we walk away?

This is a question I got for my class. We have the following situation. We take two tuning forks, we hit them, then we take one of the tuning forks and walk away with it. The sound changes as we walk ...
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what could generate a high-pitched whine in electronics where the frequency depends on the current?

So I was operating a Laue machine recently which generates x-rays and fires them at a sample, and I noticed that there was a high-pitched whine coming from the instrument (nothing abnormal, just ...
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Does sound cancel itself out?

If there are two 10 x 2 x 1 foot rectangles in space and they are lined up so if they hit each other there will be no spots that are not hit in the front of the rectangle. Then they are pushed forward ...