Acoustics is the interdisciplinary science that deals with the study of all mechanical waves in gases, liquids, and solids including vibration, sound, ultrasound and infrasound. Applications of acoustics are for instance the audio and noise control industries.

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What is the exact physics behind sonic levitation

Me and a group of friends decided to choose sonic levitation as our research topic. However, after looking up the theoretical background, we hit a roadblock: (Here is an image of a standing sound ...
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1answer
41 views

Can ultrasonic signal be guided through a tube?

I have an industrial application using an ultrasonic sensor to detect whether transparent film is present in a plastic ring. Ring minimum diameter is > 30mm. Sensing distance is 90mm. Sensor ...
2
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2answers
57 views

What's the relationship between sound speed and acoustic phonons?

In the textbook, it says that the slope of the acoustic branch of phonons equals to the sound speed. There are 3 kinds of acoustic phonons including TA and LA phonons. Does it mean that there are also ...
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2answers
37 views

A simple question about frequencies, vibrations and engineering

I am a composer that likes science a lot but I am less than amateur at it. I am trying to start understanding how low frequencies (below 100hz let's say) behave. The intent is to find solutions to ...
0
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1answer
63 views

Special Relativity & QuickSilver from X-Men

In the movie X-Men: Days of Future Past, the mutant character Quicksilver possesses the ability to move very fast. A particularly memorable scene in the movie is one where he runs around very quickly ...
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0answers
22 views

absorption and reflection of sound on molecular level

Can someone explain the reflection and absorption of sound on the molecular level? What really is reflection? Why porous and soft material absorbs sound? What's the definition of soft in terms of ...
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0answers
18 views

Evolution of normal of material surface moving at a steady velocity

I need some help with the following question: A material surface moves with the fluid with a steady velocity $\mathbf{U_{o}}$. Show that the unit normal $\mathbf{n}$ to the surface evolves according ...
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1answer
33 views

Natural frequencies

It's defined as the frequency that an object vibrates at when there is no driving force. What's a driving force? IS the natural frequency the frequency at which the atoms inside vibrate? People ...
3
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1answer
36 views

Limits for the linear wave equation

In acoustics and continuum mechanics the following wave equation (for Speed of Sound $c$) for the pressure field $p$ is well-known: $\partial_t \partial_t p = c^2 \Delta p$. This wave equation can be ...
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3answers
49 views

Sound waves during day and night

A man stands on the ground at a fixed distance from a siren which emits sound of fixed amplitude . The man hears the sound to be louder on a clear day than on a clear night. Why?
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2answers
99 views

Why do objects have resonance at natural frequency?

What actually is a natural frequency for an object and what makes it vibrate with increased amplitude when coupled with an external oscillator that matches the natural frequency?
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0answers
15 views

Acoustics - transition between free field to wave guided propagation of ultrasound

Is there a general formula involving wavelength, transducer diameter and tube diameter that shows where free field propagation transitions to wave guided?
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41 views

Reason behind “marble dropping sound” from concrete

Many people have experienced strange sounds from the ceiling of their home that sounds like marble dropping, often at night when they're trying to sleep. Currently there doesn't seem to have a fixed ...
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0answers
54 views

Proof of equivalence between soundwaves and phonons in large wavelength limit (Ashcroft-Mermin, ch. 22)

In chapter 22, Ashcrof and Mermin argue that the normal modes of a harmonic crystal are not only formal but precisely equal to the large wavelength limit of acoustic phonons (which sounds, of course, ...
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1answer
98 views

What sort of waves are produced by tuning forks?is it transverse, longitudinal or both?

We often know tuning forks are used to to produce wave in various experiments that we do in lab. but the matter of concern is what sort of waves are produced by it? is it transverse, longitudinal or ...
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0answers
42 views

What does a long strip of explosive sound like when detonated?

By long, I mean something like (say) 2 km of detcord. Or perhaps multiple close spaced charges in a line over that distance, simultaneously detonated. Close up a single piece of explosive produces a ...
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1answer
32 views

Is there a non-relative unit of measurement for the volume of sound?

I understand dB to be the main unit of measurement of the volume of a sound, but (to the best of my limited knowledge), dB only gives a measurement of the volume of a sound relative to the volume of ...
54
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6answers
9k views

What is the speed of sound in space?

Given that space is not a perfect vacuum, what is the speed of sound therein? Google was not very helpful in this regard, as the only answer I found was 300 km/s, from Astronomy Cafe, which is not a ...
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1answer
27 views

Effects of terrain on outdoor sound propagation?

I'm looking for a computationally fast model for capturing the effects of varying terrain topology in far-field outdoor acoustic propagation, and was wondering if anyone had any insight or could point ...
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1answer
190 views

Apparent frequency and wavelength in the Doppler effect

For a transverse wave(or for pressure waves required to produce longitudinal waves), the motion perpendicular to the direction of propagation of the wave is governed by an equation like $y = ...
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0answers
25 views

Is it possible to realize either the bucket is full or not from sound?

If a bucket is hold under a tap and the tap is open to full the bucket with water, is it possible to understand from the sound of falling water either the bucket is full or not? Are you able to give ...
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2answers
283 views

What are the differences between beat and interference?

For two waves, if it can be seen that after an interval of time no sound is heard, which option is liable for this incident? One option is interference of sound, and another is beat. I know that beat ...
2
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2answers
74 views

Does sound have a “louder” direction?

I have a question about the propagation of sound waves. We have two TV's in our house that are almost right on top of each other. One is located on the first floor and the other one is located on ...
4
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1answer
71 views

Can I create a device which will create silence? [duplicate]

Sound waves in opposite phases will cancel each other out. Is it theoretically possible to create a device which will record the sound and output sound in opposite phase which will result in ...
5
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1answer
274 views

How can I hear if something is behind or in front of me?

I wonder how I can hear what direction a sound is coming from. I believe that the brain calculates relative to the volume from each ear, meaning I'm unable to know what direction a sound is coming ...
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2answers
56 views

Which modes are excited when a drum is struck?

I've been searching quite extensively for an answer to this question but I cannot find anything definitive. The most I can see is that "one or several" modes become excited, but this is never ...
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0answers
28 views

Calculating the frequency produced by a rectangular piece of metal

I have a rectangular prism made of steel. Its dimensions are 0.1 cm x 0.2 cm x 12 cm. If I screw one end to a stable object and vibrate the other end. How would I calculate the frequency produced by ...
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14 views

What bang / boom sounds do not invoke supersonic propagation?

Explosions, supersonic booms, whiplash sounds are usually supersonic phenomenona. What sort-of common bang / boom sounds are there that do not involve supersonic propagation ? Or is this a "wrong" ...
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1answer
34 views

Pressure wave in a cup of tea casued by a bubble burst

Assume there is a cup of tea with bubbles formed on its surface by the inner wall of the cup. If one of the bubbles bursts, it causes a wavefront travelling on the surface of the tea. Is this wave ...
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1answer
62 views

Relationship Between Acoustics and Gravity?

I have studied some physics in college, but not enough to know the answer. My motivation: sound (or acoustics in general) does not exist in a vacuum, which means that acoustic waves are only present ...
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1answer
30 views

What does a goniometer (sound) show?

In looking into 2D representations of audio, I came across a tool called a goniometer. I'm aware that a goniometer refers also to a device for measuring angles, but in this context it refers to one ...
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1answer
57 views

Transmission of Sound Waves [duplicate]

If a tree falls in a forest and no one is around does it still make a sound ? I know the answer is supposed to be no, because the sound is created when it enters someone's ear. What if I left a tape ...
6
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1answer
217 views

Why do I hear a deep rumble when I cover my ears?

Probably a trivial thing but a simple google search didn't show anything relevant about it. If I cover both of my ears with my hands, I hear a very deep rumble. If I slowly move my hands away the ...
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2answers
204 views

Why can we produce a sound by blowing across a blade of grass, a paper strip or similar

I just don't know how is the sound produced? Does it come from the vibration of the blade of grass or the air in the up and down?
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3answers
155 views

Resultant frequency if 3 harmonic notes (a chord) is played

If I know the frequency of individual notes being played (let's assume D, F# and A), how do I determine the final frequency if they are played (nearly) simultaneously as a chord. To put the problem ...
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1answer
83 views

Why does sound become louder and increase frequency if I give it a narrow path?

If I put my hand over the speaker of my phone like in the picture, I can clearly hear my music amplified, why does this happen? The only cause I can think about is the fact that all the intensity ...
9
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2answers
852 views

How quickly is motion transferred in a solid object?

Just for example: assume an iron bar one foot in length. If you push on one end, the entire bar will move. This seems instantaneous. but actually, from my understanding, the atoms all push against ...
2
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3answers
99 views

Is it theoretically possible to project sound in a line, like flashlights?

I was wondering if there is a way to project sound waves on a particular point, like a laser? So that you can you can privately send a voice message to a specific person in crowd. The very first idea ...
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3answers
54 views

Voices of Animals And Humans

What are the differences between voices of animals and humans? (Not by ear but by a program or similar...frequency, other things) Does each animal in each species have a unique voice? Is there a ...
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1answer
102 views

Two superimposed sounds traveling through low- and high-density matter: is separation possible?

Two superimposed sounds (at source: $s(t) = s_1(t) + s_2(t)$; the two sound components overlap completely in time, partially in spectra) travel through low- and high-density matter and are recorded ...
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3answers
64 views

Frequency of Sound Waves

Is the frequency of the echo (resulted from the reflected sound wave) equal to the frequency of the original sound wave?
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46 views

The amplitude of oscillations in sound waves

How can the amplitude of molecules displacement be measured in a sound wave? How can the amplitude of the pressure fluctuation be measured in a sound wave? What are the difference between these two ...
2
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1answer
163 views

Is the change in cochlear potentials dependent on perilymph velocity? [closed]

context: This question may appear to be off topic because it is about the biological particulars of the human ear. Physics can solve abstract models inspired by living organisms, but it is biology ...
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1answer
94 views

How does a sonic black hole (or dumb hole) work?

I came across this term and I heard they used sonic black holes to detect something analogous to hawking radiation, but I have failed to find sources which explain how exactly they work and how they ...
3
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2answers
100 views

How would a sound mirror work?

Context: We all know that by galvanizing a plate with a silver coating, this plate will have a very high reflection coefficient and act as a mirror for EM radiation (not for all $\lambda$ ranges of ...
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1answer
48 views

Is the speed of sound related to the speed of impact?

What will be the end result of the following experiment: I take two "identical" buckets of water and a hammer. I strike the surface of the first bucket with a low speed and measure the speed of the ...
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0answers
50 views

Rayleigh criterion for sound and parabolic microphone

Currently I am developing a parabolic microphone for a study project. I've heard and read that the maximum wavelength of sound that the given diameter microphone can focus is determined based on the ...
2
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0answers
12 views

Reason for audio speaker diaphragm shape [duplicate]

Why are the diaphragms on audio speakers usually a cone with a dome in the centre? I don't know much about acoustics but my guesses would be: it just empirically sounds better, the design was found ...
32
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7answers
4k views

Why is it so easy to create audible sound?

Context Why is it so easy to create audible sounds in life with basically anything? Putting your cup of coffee on a table comes with a sound Turning a page of your book comes with a sound Even ...
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93 views

Interference of sound: how to calculate the sound intensity at each point?

I need help with the following question: Two speakers are sending out sound in phase with the frequency 2,13 kHz. The sound from the speakers is registered in three points A, B and C. See figure. ...