Acoustics is the interdisciplinary science that deals with the study of all mechanical waves in gases, liquids, and solids including vibration, sound, ultrasound and infrasound. Applications of acoustics are for instance the audio and noise control industries.

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Can sound be separated from air?

I would like to open up a window in my house, let the air in, but keep the sound out. Could a device be designed to put up on the window, like a screen, and accomplish this?
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681 views

Sound waves through a glass filled with liquid

I was pondering about the following 'experiment', and was curious about the formulae behind it. Imagine having a glass filled with a liquid. On one side there is a sensitive receiver that records ...
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1answer
631 views

speed of sound relative to density of medium through which sound travels

I know that sound travels faster in water compared to air and say faster in steel than in what're so What would the density have to be to cause sound to approach the speed of light
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264 views

Will a black hole increase the speed of sound above the speed of light in this medium

For the sake of this question we are inside the EH and a sound wave enters from our perspective as the sound moves closer to us at the EH would it speed up. Specifically how would the extreme ...
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2k views

The energy of an electromagnetic wave

The intensity of an electromagnetic wave is only related to its amplitude $E^2$ and not its frequency. A photon has the same wavelength as the wave that's carrying it, and its energy is $h f$. So ...
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2answers
207 views

How can I use sound/resonance to clean sewers?

This probably doesn't fit into the realm of regular questions ; it is more of an applied rather than theory/math question ... Anyway, I'm curious whether a metre diameter speaker fitted over a ...
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1answer
271 views

noise level (units confusion)

i had a question in one of my classes regarding SNR in underwater acoustic channels. There are a couple of terms with the unit dB re uPa. I know it stands for dB ...
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196 views

What is the cause of noise generation at my bike helmet

I am looking for anexplanation of this phenomenon: I was riding my bike, (not driving it, was sitting on the back seat) with the helmet on. While the glass of the helmet was intact, I could hear ...
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Superposition of electromagnetic waves

The superposition of two waves is given by $$\sin(\omega_1 t)+\sin(\omega_2 t)=2\cos\left(\frac{\omega_1-\omega_2}{2}t\right)\sin\left(\frac{\omega_1+\omega_2}{2}t\right).$$ For sound waves, this ...
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Why is there a 90˚ phase angle between particle velocity and sound pressure in spherical waves?

My text says that in a plane sound wave (or in the far field), particle velocity and pressure is in phase. As we move closer to the sound source (to near field and more spherical waves), the phase ...
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2answers
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How does the energy of a sound wave decrease with the distance

More precisely, how small is the potency a listener hears, compared to the potency of the emitter. I'd like to present a simple and yet reasonable approximation, to a high school audience (I am a ...
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4k views

How does one derive the equation for the speed of sound?

In my acoustics books I see $$c^2 = \frac{\mathrm{d}P}{\mathrm{d}\rho}$$ where $c$ is the speed of sound, $P$ is the pressure and $\rho$ is the density. Where does this equation come from? In my ...
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Laws of aerodynamics after breaking the sound barrier

my knowledge of physics is not very extensive, so I hope my question isn't too stupid. I know that when (for instance) a plane breaks trough the sound barrier, the laws of the aerodynamics change. ...
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Is there an upper frequency limit to ultrasound?

Wikipedia has this diagram of the acoustic frequency spectrum: Is there an upper limit to the frequencies you can transmit through the air? Are they absorbed more and more at higher frequencies, ...
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3answers
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Why does the sound pitch increase on every consecutive tick at the bottom of a filled cup of coffee?

Since I don't know the proper physical terms for this, I describe it in everyday English. The following has kept me wondering for quite some time and so far I haven't found a reasonable explanation. ...
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1answer
262 views

Why does music have a different tonality when heard from earphones a distance away?

Why when I have music on in earphones and I have them resting on a desk, the music sounds different, like in a different tonality/pitch to when I am actually using them?
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2answers
556 views

_Actually_ hearing the shape of a drum

The problem of hearing the shape of a drum is well known as a mathematical problem. But what about as a problem of (1) physics and (2) human perception? Suppose you have the kind of membrane used ...
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5answers
868 views

Difference in timbre between 'quiet' and 'far away'

I'd like to know what are the differences in timbre - or the acoustic properties of a sound - that allow us to differentiate between a sound which is quiet (but close-by) and one which is far away. ...
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2answers
539 views

How can people do music with Tesla coils?

I saw a lot of videos of Tesla coils doing music on YouTube. And I wonder how can they do that sort of things. How they can calculate what tone it is going to do? And what are the factors to ...
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125 views

Will timbre/quality be different if two different people play the same guitar? [closed]

Will timbre/quality be different if two different people play the same guitar? Assume that frequency/pitch and amplitude are same.
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1answer
1k views

How does a speaker produce sound?

What I read is that a speaker produces sound by the movement of a coil attached to a cone which moves back and forth. So, If I try to move the coil by hand, would it produce sound? If not, why? or Why ...
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2answers
359 views

Does EM radiation (any, i.e. RF), or sound, radiate everywhere at once?

I am having trouble understanding electromagnetic radiation (or waves in general, be it EM or sound). If I have a 1 Watt speaker, is it infinitely divided and spread out so that everyone in every ...
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2answers
589 views

Riddle about speed

This stems from a riddle I read in a magazine perhaps 20 years ago so I apologise for the imprecise recollection. A dog that can run infinitely fast is placed on an infinitely large flat surface and ...
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3answers
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Why can't echoes be heard inside a room?

If I go camping and shout anywhere, in the forest or on a cliff, I usually hear the echo of my voice. Why when I shout in my room I do not hear any echoes?
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How to distinguish female and male voices via Fourier analysis?

What makes one, without looking, be able to identify the gender of the talker as male or female? I mean if we Fourier analysed the voice of males and females, how the 2 spectrums are different which ...
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1answer
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Is it possible to break bulletproof glass with your voice?

In The Adventures of Tintin, an opera singer (the Milanese Nightingale) broke a bulletproof glass case using her voice. Is that scientifically possible? From the Wikipedia page, a typical bulletproof ...
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5answers
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Why do bass tones travel through walls?

I was in the shower while my roommate was listening to music and got to thinking about the fact that I could only hear the bass and lower drums through the walls. Why is this? The two possibilities I ...
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1answer
127 views

What theory is the person in this song talking about?

What he is talking about sounds interesting to me, and I would like to know more. But I need to know the name first. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ogn5FrVGtAg&hd=1
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Decibel level addition of multiple noise sources

If I have four computer fans of which each is said to run at 46 dB, and they run close to each other, how loud is the whole system? I somehow recall from my physics course that 10 decibel ...
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3answers
2k views

How can a sine wave represent a longitudinal wave?

I envision a longitudinal wave as a series of vertical lines like that drawn on the board in an introductory physics class. This image contains no angles. Sound is a longitudinal wave. Some ...
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2answers
201 views

Drum head coupled with an RLC circuit

I'm thinking about the possibility of an electroacoustic drum that would be tuned with some kind of RLC circuit. The drum head would have an electromagnet attached to its center, which would be ...
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1answer
166 views

Is there a theortical limit to the amount of sound-energy air can contain?

is there a theoretical limit to the amount of sound energy air can contain? In case, there is a limit, what is that limit?
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2answers
665 views

The definition of “frequency” in different contexts

I have been doing some research on all kinds of sound-related topics lately and have been a bit confused by the different uses of the term "frequency". Of course, the most general meaning of frequency ...
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4answers
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Why can I tell a flute from a trumpet?

The usual story I've heard describing the difference between a 440 Hz note played by a flute and a trumpet is that the overtones are different. That is, if you play a note at 440 Hz, there will also ...
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1answer
287 views

What Is the Noise of an MRI Machine

What is the source of the loud noise of an MRI medical scanning machine? Is it due to some mechanical moving parts such as pumps, or is it an effect, similar to magnetostriction of superconducting ...
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1answer
894 views

Can sound be used to purify/filter water?

I remember reading about all chicken at a poultry farm being violently sick/dying for apparently no reason. It turned out the culprit was machinery at a nearby factory that emitted sound at a ...
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1answer
443 views

There is absolute silence?

Silence is a relative or total lack of sound. But it is possible for real? Is there any way to achieve this?
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1answer
1k views

Ceramic vase filled with boiling water makes a sound. Why?

I had some old flowers in a vase and noticed the water had become really stagnant, causing the whole room to smell like a fart. So I tipped out the flowers and the old water, and poured some boiling ...
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1answer
696 views

Why do I hear beats through headphones only at low frequencies?

I was recently playing with this Wolfram Demonstrations applet, which demonstrates beats. At first I thought the app didn't work because I couldn't hear any beats. Then I realized that the applet ...
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1answer
821 views

Hearing a sound backwards because of Doppler effect

Consider a supersonic plane (mach 2) aproaching a stationary sound source (e.g a fog horn on a boat). If I understand it correctly, the passengers in the plane can hear the sound twice. First at a 3 ...
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4answers
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Why does the fundamental mode of a recorder disappear when you blow harder?

I have a simple recorder, like this: When I cover all the holes and blow gently, it blows at about 550 Hz, but when I blow more forcefully, it jumps an octave and blows 1100 Hz. What's the ...
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0answers
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Remnant of a supernova [duplicate]

i explain better A supernova remnant is the structure resulting from the explosion of a giant star . The supernova remnant is surrounded by an expanding shock wave that is formed from material ...
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1answer
875 views

Sound velocity in water

Conductivity, temperature, depth sensors are used by oceanography to calculate the velocity of sound at varying depths. These measurment values are used to comprise sound velocity profiles like the ...
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1answer
2k views

Does the absence of a sound particle indicate that there are no photons?

Sound is usually referred to as just "sound waves" - we do not talk about a "sound particle" and only as a wave or "matter wave." Could something similar apply to light i.e. that there really is no ...
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1answer
300 views

what is the relationship of sound volume to atmospheric pressure?

what is the relationship of sound volume to atmospheric pressure? if I was in a plane with a cabin pressure equal to 8000 feet would the volume drop be noticable?
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3answers
7k views

How does gravity affect sound waves? [closed]

Someone asked me this question and I don't think I gave him an adequate answer (I was trying to think of the extreme case - that of neutron stars)
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3answers
631 views

Understand audio signals

Most audio signal are described by a curve having two parameters: The amplitude and the frequency (amount of time from positive to negative amplitude value). What I want to understand is how the ...
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6answers
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Why do power lines buzz?

When near high tension power lines, particularly after a good rain, the lines themselves emit a buzzing noise. A similar noise can be heard coming out of the electric meters attached to my apartment. ...
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3answers
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How does paper make sound when it is torn?

We know that from our experience when we tear up a piece of paper, we can hear a characteristic sound. What is the underlying mechanism behind it? What do the dominant frequencies (edit: I don't mean ...