Acoustics is the interdisciplinary science that deals with the study of all mechanical waves in gases, liquids, and solids including vibration, sound, ultrasound and infrasound. Applications of acoustics are for instance the audio and noise control industries.

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Waves and sounds [on hold]

A tuning fork whose natural frequency is 440 Hz is placed just above the open end of a tube that contains water.The water is slowly drained from the tube while the tuning fork remains in place and ...
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Interference of sound: how to calculate the sound intensity at each point?

I need help with the following question: Two speakers are sending out sound in phase with the frequency 2,13 kHz. The sound from the speakers is registered in three points A, B and C. See figure. ...
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21 views

How does resonance store vibrational energy?

In the wiki article, it is written that in resonance, maximum amplitude is possible as vibrational energy is stored. What does that statement mean? How is energy stored so that max. amplitude ...
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Loud, low-frequency “booming” sound in car [duplicate]

I drive a Scion XD, and I've noticed that whenever I drive at about 40mi/hr or so with just the back windows rolled down, I get a loud "booming" effect at roughly 10Hz. What causes this? I assume it ...
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44 views

Using physics in music?

If stereo speakers are connected to the amplifier "out of phase," one speaker is moving outwards when the other is moving inwards.This results in a weakness in bass notes, which can be corrected by ...
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32 views

For creating beats how small the difference should be between the two frequencies

It is said that to create beats we need two "slightly" different frequencies, and subtract it. 1- My question is why do we need slightly different frequencies? Why not large difference? 2- Also ...
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Good references for mathematics of sound attenuation? [closed]

I am looking for recommendations for good references for mathematical modeling of sound attenuation.
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44 views

Can we hear on Mercury, since the atmosphere is so thin? [duplicate]

Since the atmosphere of Mercury is very thin, and only contains negligible amount of Oxygen, Hydrogen, and Helium, can we hear the sound over there? can the sound be transmitted by some mean?
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23 views

How do sound wave interact with a bubble?

When a sound wave propagates in a medium consist of liquid with a bubble, what cause oscillation of the bubble? Negative pressure of sound cause drop of pressure in both liquid and bubble ...
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38 views

Why can someone in a noisy room not hear others outside, yet they can hear him clearly?

If I'm in a noisy room (radio on, babies splashing in bath, etc.) I struggle to hear someone shouting to me from outside the room. Yet to them, my voice comes through quite clearly. What causes this ...
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25 views

What properties of sound make music sound “better” when it is loud? [closed]

Yes, I realize there may be some cultural interaction at work here, if you've ever seen the classic image of 1950's parents criticizing their kid's "loud music." However, to me -and my hearing is ...
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35 views

How does an acoustic guitar amplify its sound?

An essential part of a guitar is its hollow body. Without it, the strings wouldn't be very loud; as far as I know, the purpose of the body is to set up some sort of resonance and make the sound ...
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727 views

Why is a whistle sound emitted when air is pushed through a tight space?

Seems like a simple enough question: Why is a whistle sound emitted when air is pushed through a tight space?
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52 views

Is there a relation between music chords and visible light palette [closed]

Ok I have no idea if this is the right stackexchange so if you know who would know please tell me :) In music there are groups of notes that, when played togheter, are basis to harmony. Since both ...
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22 views

Air Presure and Air Velocity from speaker

How do I determine/calculate the air pressure emitted from a speaker ? And how to determine the velocity of air from the sound air pressure ?
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Ray tracing a three-way intersection

I've been studying ray tracing in media with linear velocity-depth functions. One of the key concepts I've come across is the ray parameter, and in particular the idea that the ray parameter is ...
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2answers
60 views

Why need for 96kHz, 192kHz audio? [closed]

Human can hear 20-20,000 Hz waves, so by Nyquist theorem it's sufficient to sample audio with 40 kHz. Indeed, 44.1 kHz widely used. But what do we need higher sample rates for? 96 kHz, 192 kHz are ...
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Bell vs. diaphragm of stethoscope for low frequency sounds

Why is the bell of the stethoscope used to hear lower frequencies if it has a smaller diameter than the diaphragm? I would have thought that a bigger diameter diaphragm could pick up lower frequency ...
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1answer
40 views

Why do empty vessels make more sound?

Why do we hear a roaring or humming sound when an empty bottle is held close to our ear ? When I hold a flask close to my ears, I hear like a sound which coming from its interior.
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149 views

Why Light isn't like an Acoustic wave?

I just wanted to know why light isn't an Acoustic wave.Is it because light wave doesn't obey acoustic properties?
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How much air needs to be displaced to generate an audible sound?

I'm reading a book where in one scene a wizard/alchemist teleports a scroll after reading. He folded the parchment carefully and muttered a single cantrip. The note vanished with a small plop of ...
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3answers
111 views

If a tree falls in the forest [closed]

The question of whether or not a tree that falls in the forest makes a sound - if there is nothing or no one around to hear it - comes up frequently at my house. So, my question is: is there any way ...
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46 views

Sound power radiation of two monopole sources

For a fixed given electrical power to two monopole sources, producing the same frequency. Which mode, either in-phase or out of phase, will radiate the most sound power into the far-field?
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1answer
51 views

how does air pressure affect the speed of sound

How does air pressure affect the speed of sound in relation to its kinetic theory etc? I have tried searching this but i have not found a suitable answer as other websites simply related to air ...
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40 views

How to create a barrier for sound waves?

Is there a way to create a barrier so that sound waves cannot pass through? Does laser light have this ability to act as a barrier or bounce sound waves back? This came to my mind when I was ...
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What's responsible for dull or sharp sounds in a struck sintered rods?

I've sintered a number of rods from powdered oxide materials, and some of them ring clearly after being struck (not as clear as, say, a metal tube, but clear enough to hear a definite pitch), while ...
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Will a sodium bell ring clearly after being submerged in liquid nitrogen?

Lead is fairly soft at room temperature but rings clearly when cooled to liquid nitrogen temperatures. Sodium is even softer. If cooled to liquid nitrogen temperature, could it also ring?
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137 views

Is it theoretically possible to have a universe where sound travels faster than light $c$? [closed]

We all "know" nothing can travel faster than light. However, if we're allowed to tweak the fundamental constants of nature, is it theoretically possible that such an universe might exist? Update: I ...
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1answer
44 views

Why does the pitch of a container being filled with water increase? [duplicate]

I wonder about this. If you pour water in a closed tank, it makes a noise. I have noticed that as the container becomes more and more full, the pitch of this noise also increases. Why is that? I do ...
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49 views

How much of the chemical energy in a burning log is released as sound?

Firewood has energy content of about 15 MJ/kg for hardwoods. You throw one of these hardwood logs onto a fire hot enough that it burns with, say, 50% efficiency. How much of that energy will be ...
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1answer
18 views

The supersonic bandwagon

I happen to stumble upon this intriguing animation of a Tachyon, and immediately started to think about the same phenomenon, but with sound waves. I imagined a bandwagon ...
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47 views

Rubbing finger, where's the frequency come from?

When I rub my finger against a piece of rubber, and it makes a tone of 2 kHz, what is vibrating at 2,000 times per second in order to produce that tone? The rubber doesn't feel flexible enough to ...
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25 views

Source of low frequency oscillation heard in ambulance siren

I have noticed that when I am standing on the street as an ambulance passes that so long as it is sufficiently close by (within 10-15 feet, so the siren is VERY loud for this to happen), I hear a ...
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The sound of rotating helicopter blades

Why do helicopter blades make this pulsing, oscilating, slapping(?) sound? Since their movement is smooth, shouldn't the sound be a similar, constant shush, perhaps increasing or decreasing in ...
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1answer
66 views

Is a sonic boom loudest when source is at exactly Mach 1?

Please imagine this cartoonish thing: a flying loudspeaker, playing a continuous sound, with zero air resistance (i.e its moving through the air doesn't generate any whooshing sounds) is coming ...
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79 views

Is it possible to use “negative sound waves” to “cancel out” a sound to create silence?

I saw youtube videos that claimed to do this, although I'm quite certain the videos just excluded sound and lied. However, I am wondering if the physics of this is actually possible - to create a ...
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75 views

Help me understand resonance

I don't fully understand how resonant chambers work. My confusion stems from the fact that they are passive elements or "filters", yet somehow are able to "amplify" the sound. Questions: How can I ...
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4answers
58 views

Sound diffraction through a single slit

When sound waves diffract through a single slit, do they produce an interference pattern which is mathematically identical to that of light waves in the corresponding experiment?
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Can anyone provide a good exposition on acoustic impedance?

Can anyone provide a good exposition on acoustic impedance? Does anyone know of a good paper or textbook that does so? It seems like most sources kind of just start using it without deriving any ...
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Surface acoustic wave

Why does a surface acoustic wave (SAW) propagate only in the surface leyer of the solid, let's assume a semiconductor? One can create such a SAW through an interdigital transducer (IDT) as I read, ...
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1answer
57 views

Speed of sound and Break the sound barrier

What happens when plane exceeds the speed of sound? and What is the interpretation of the conical shape that appears behind the plane?
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68 views

Sound Wave interference Experiment

I was wondering, can we use two sound sources so as to create a destructive interference at the position of a recorder at home? If possible, what is the easiest way?
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Frequency dependance of sound wave reflection

Why are high frequencies reflected more than low frequencies off an 'acoustically hard' surface such as concrete? I basically understand that the amount of reflection is determined by the impedance ...
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120 views

What is the physical meaning of complex eigenvalues?

I understand the mathematical origin of complex eigenvalues, and that complex eigenvalues come in pairs. But what is the meaning of the imaginary part? In particular I refer to an acoustic problem ...
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2answers
122 views

Are there any ways to alter frequency of wave?

I want to know how can we change frequency of wave, both sound and light, and what is the nature of "changing frequency" Such as, any material could absorb and re-emit wave in another wavelength. Or ...
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Distribution of refractive index of water when applied pressure wave

I was wondering when applying pressure wave, ultrasonic sound waves, under water, how I would be able to measure the distribution of the refractive index.
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Sound vibrations for marine propulsion

I asked a similar question about bubbles making less friction on a mass moving through water, now I'm wondering of sound waves could do the same thing as supercavitation or possibly create it's own ...
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Nonlinear constitutive state equation

Between the Tait equation, and the B/A type of equation, which one is better suited to approximate the isentropic equation of state? Why B/A type is mostly used in nonlinear acoustics?
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54 views

Shock-waves, Bangs and the Speed of Sound

I was watching this video of an erupting volcano. Some Guys in the comments tried to estimate how far away the volcano is by using the delay until the "shock-wave" hits the camera and the speed of ...
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1answer
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Intensity of Sound Wave

Is the intensity of a sound wave same at all the points through which the wave travels? The formula for intensity is $ I = \frac{{p_0}^2 }{2 \rho v}$. But this does not make sense to me. Shouldn't the ...