Acoustics is the interdisciplinary science that deals with the study of all mechanical waves in gases, liquids, and solids including vibration, sound, ultrasound and infrasound. Applications of acoustics are for instance the audio and noise control industries.

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What's the maximum pressure from an airborne ultrasound transducer?

I'm looking at haptic feedback as an area of research. It's cool because you can "hold" a strawberry or feel a virtual worm crawling on your hand. Here's a video demonstration. ...
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A level 9702/11/o/n/14 question 26 (about interference of sound wave) [on hold]

The speakers are identical and they are connected it's series with power, so I thought there would be complete destructive interference. Therefore, at some point the amplitude would be zero and also ...
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What is the source of energy in this system? (resonance realated)

This is curiosity question, sorry if description is too vague. Suppose we have a string attached to some small frame on both sides Then we apply a force by plucking it with a finger, lets say 5.0 N ...
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How can I decrease the volume of a sound wave?

I have a sound wave in a computer, represented as a series of values (samples). Each sample is in the range roughly between -30000 and 30000. Say I want to decrease the loudness of the entire wave by ...
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How can I add two sound waves without reaching distortion - always keep them under a certain value?

I'm working on a program that adds sound waves on top of each other. I read that the best way to do that (correct me if I'm wrong) is to simply add them together. However, this way I easily reach ...
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How can I add a sound wave on top of an existing one, without harming the original's loudness?

I'm working on a program that has to do with adding sound waves on top of sound waves. Currently what I'm doing is simply an average of the two waves. So if I have wave ...
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why the direction opposite to the heat energy of sound energy? [on hold]

The experimental studies of thermoacoustic cooler, shin-ichi sakamoto, the direction opposite to the heat energy of sound energy.
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Where do sound waves go after being heard?

I honestly can't come up with anything that makes sense, because obviously, energy cannot be created nor destroyed. I think the question is pretty self-explanatory, so there isn't much to say here.
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can a really loud sound travel in space?

I heard in a discovery news video that there is one particle every cubic cm in space. So, if i were to vibrate a circularbody of say mass 10000000kg at 10000000000000000000000Khz, would i be able to ...
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Could I break the sound barrier using circular motion? (And potentially create a sonic boom?)

Ok, Lets say I get out my household vaccum cleaner, the typical RPM for a dyson vaccum cleaner reachers 104K RPM, Or 1.733K RPS. In theory, this disc would be travelling with a time period of ...
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Efficiency of a resonant piezo-electric transducer in air

Anyone have ballpark figures for the typical efficiency of piezo transducers in air at low ultrasonic frequencies eg 100kHz? I'm looking for energy in versus sonic energy out.
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Why does the human body feel loud music?

I was sitting close to a speaker and I could feel the sound coming from it all over my body, especially in my heart, and it pounded with the loud beats of the music. Was my heart pounding because of ...
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Are partially deaf people able to determine where sound comes from? [migrated]

As in they can only hear with one ear. Time and level diferences between the two ears are only part of how the human body can localize the source of the sound. So what other factors are there and are ...
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speed of sound and ultrasound machine

How can you determine the speed of sound of a liquid using a medical ultrasound probe? I am unable to get a hold of a hydrophone. Is it possible to determine C using a or m mode?
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19 views

Frequency resonance of Bones, and other parts of the human body [duplicate]

Today in class we were learning about states of matter. I found out that in a solid the atoms are vibrating. This caused me to think about how crystal glass will break if an opera singer sings high ...
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Does a sonic pulse in a gas enhance thermal mixing?

I have a sonic pulse consisting of around 10 cycles that is propagated longitudinally through a gas in a tube. If there are thermal differentials in the gas (say between case and central portion of ...
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2answers
35 views

If I accelerate a mass quickly enough through a short distance (i.e. unit step function), would I create wind, sound, and heat?

As far as I know, the movement of air molecules can result in what we call wind, sound, or heat (and maybe some other things I'm not thinking of), depending on the assumptions about its motion. Wind ...
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Bell in a vacuum, where does the sound energy go?

I'm not educated in physics, but I learned that a bell struck in a small vacuum chamber will not be heard by people around it (in a school science lab). If it had been surrounded by air, there would ...
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36 views

different liquid in a container produce different sound

Does the type of liquid in a container affect the sound it produces? example like milk, water and coffee produce a minute different sound
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25 views

Is it realistic for soundwaves under water to “sink” or “float”?

I'm studying soundwaves under water and I had a numerical problem that I was asking about. http://stackoverflow.com/questions/28904017/are-my-matlab-iterations-working Now I wonder if you can tell ...
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22 views

Combining sound absorption coefficients

I am trying to predict the reverberation time in a room with different surfaces and different absorption coefficients (i.e. curtains, wood panels, carpet etc). My question is about how to calculate ...
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44 views

Why does my shirt make a crackling noise when it is static?

I thought that when clothing becomes "static" (used as a colloquial adjective for that state when clothing fresh out of the drier sticks to everything) it's because of a build up of electrons. That's ...
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The Frequency of a Trill

My music teacher recently pointed out to me that, when performing a trill (alternating between two notes very quickly) the finger for the higher note should be placed slightly lower on the string than ...
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1answer
22 views

What frequencies will get lost/diminished when you listen to a colloidal speaker without the backside

I was checking the connections of my colloidal speakers, so I had to listen to music without the backside of the speakers. There was clearly a difference in the quality of the music, but I couldn't ...
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2answers
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What is the exact physics behind sonic levitation

Me and a group of friends decided to choose sonic levitation as our research topic. However, after looking up the theoretical background, we hit a roadblock: (Here is an image of a standing sound ...
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1answer
31 views

Can ultrasonic signal be guided through a tube?

I have an industrial application using an ultrasonic sensor to detect whether transparent film is present in a plastic ring. Ring minimum diameter is > 30mm. Sensing distance is 90mm. Sensor ...
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What's the relationship between sound speed and acoustic phonons?

In the textbook, it says that the slope of the acoustic branch of phonons equals to the sound speed. There are 3 kinds of acoustic phonons including TA and LA phonons. Does it mean that there are also ...
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A simple question about frequencies, vibrations and engineering

I am a composer that likes science a lot but I am less than amateur at it. I am trying to start understanding how low frequencies (below 100hz let's say) behave. The intent is to find solutions to ...
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45 views

Special Relativity & QuickSilver from X-Men

In the movie X-Men: Days of Future Past, the mutant character Quicksilver possesses the ability to move very fast. A particularly memorable scene in the movie is one where he runs around very quickly ...
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absorption and reflection of sound on molecular level

Can someone explain the reflection and absorption of sound on the molecular level? What really is reflection? Why porous and soft material absorbs sound? What's the definition of soft in terms of ...
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Evolution of normal of material surface moving at a steady velocity

I need some help with the following question: A material surface moves with the fluid with a steady velocity $\mathbf{U_{o}}$. Show that the unit normal $\mathbf{n}$ to the surface evolves according ...
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1answer
27 views

Natural frequencies

It's defined as the frequency that an object vibrates at when there is no driving force. What's a driving force? IS the natural frequency the frequency at which the atoms inside vibrate? People ...
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Limits for the linear wave equation

In acoustics and continuum mechanics the following wave equation (for Speed of Sound $c$) for the pressure field $p$ is well-known: $\partial_t \partial_t p = c^2 \Delta p$. This wave equation can be ...
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Sound waves during day and night

A man stands on the ground at a fixed distance from a siren which emits sound of fixed amplitude . The man hears the sound to be louder on a clear day than on a clear night. Why?
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Why do objects have resonance at natural frequency?

What actually is a natural frequency for an object and what makes it vibrate with increased amplitude when coupled with an external oscillator that matches the natural frequency?
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Acoustics - transition between free field to wave guided propagation of ultrasound

Is there a general formula involving wavelength, transducer diameter and tube diameter that shows where free field propagation transitions to wave guided?
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37 views

Reason behind “marble dropping sound” from concrete

Many people have experienced strange sounds from the ceiling of their home that sounds like marble dropping, often at night when they're trying to sleep. Currently there doesn't seem to have a fixed ...
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Proof of equivalence between soundwaves and phonons in large wavelength limit (Ashcroft-Mermin, ch. 22)

In chapter 22, Ashcrof and Mermin argue that the normal modes of a harmonic crystal are not only formal but precisely equal to the large wavelength limit of acoustic phonons (which sounds, of course, ...
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What sort of waves are produced by tuning forks?is it transverse, longitudinal or both?

We often know tuning forks are used to to produce wave in various experiments that we do in lab. but the matter of concern is what sort of waves are produced by it? is it transverse, longitudinal or ...
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What does a long strip of explosive sound like when detonated?

By long, I mean something like (say) 2 km of detcord. Or perhaps multiple close spaced charges in a line over that distance, simultaneously detonated. Close up a single piece of explosive produces a ...
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1answer
29 views

Is there a non-relative unit of measurement for the volume of sound?

I understand dB to be the main unit of measurement of the volume of a sound, but (to the best of my limited knowledge), dB only gives a measurement of the volume of a sound relative to the volume of ...
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What is the speed of sound in space?

Given that space is not a perfect vacuum, what is the speed of sound therein? Google was not very helpful in this regard, as the only answer I found was 300 km/s, from Astronomy Cafe, which is not a ...
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Effects of terrain on outdoor sound propagation?

I'm looking for a computationally fast model for capturing the effects of varying terrain topology in far-field outdoor acoustic propagation, and was wondering if anyone had any insight or could point ...
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1answer
107 views

Apparent frequency and wavelength in the Doppler effect

For a transverse wave(or for pressure waves required to produce longitudinal waves), the motion perpendicular to the direction of propagation of the wave is governed by an equation like $y = ...
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Is it possible to realize either the bucket is full or not from sound?

If a bucket is hold under a tap and the tap is open to full the bucket with water, is it possible to understand from the sound of falling water either the bucket is full or not? Are you able to give ...
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What are the differences between beat and interference?

For two waves, if it can be seen that after an interval of time no sound is heard, which option is liable for this incident? One option is interference of sound, and another is beat. I know that beat ...
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2answers
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Does sound have a “louder” direction?

I have a question about the propagation of sound waves. We have two TV's in our house that are almost right on top of each other. One is located on the first floor and the other one is located on ...
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1answer
62 views

Can I create a device which will create silence? [duplicate]

Sound waves in opposite phases will cancel each other out. Is it theoretically possible to create a device which will record the sound and output sound in opposite phase which will result in ...
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1answer
251 views

How can I hear if something is behind or in front of me?

I wonder how I can hear what direction a sound is coming from. I believe that the brain calculates relative to the volume from each ear, meaning I'm unable to know what direction a sound is coming ...
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2answers
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Which modes are excited when a drum is struck?

I've been searching quite extensively for an answer to this question but I cannot find anything definitive. The most I can see is that "one or several" modes become excited, but this is never ...