Acoustics is the interdisciplinary science that deals with the study of all mechanical waves in gases, liquids, and solids including vibration, sound, ultrasound and infrasound. Applications of acoustics are for instance the audio and noise control industries.

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Can anyone provide a good exposition on acoustic impedance?

Can anyone provide a good exposition on acoustic impedance? Does anyone know of a good paper or textbook that does so? It seems like most sources kind of just start using it without deriving any ...
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Surface acoustic wave

Why does a surface acoustic wave (SAW) propagate only in the surface leyer of the solid, let's assume a semiconductor? One can create such a SAW through an interdigital transducer (IDT) as I read, ...
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32 views

Speed of sound and Break the sound barrier

What happens when plane exceeds the speed of sound? and What is the interpretation of the conical shape that appears behind the plane?
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25 views

Difference between sound wave and lightwave scattering [closed]

What are the main differences between sound and light scattering starting with the Helmholtz equation? (Preferably by circular cylinder)
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26 views

Sound Wave interference Experiment

I was wondering, can we use two sound sources so as to create a destructive interference at the position of a recorder at home? If possible, what is the easiest way?
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Frequency dependance of sound wave reflection

Why are high frequencies reflected more than low frequencies off an 'acoustically hard' surface such as concrete? I basically understand that the amount of reflection is determined by the impedance ...
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61 views

What is the physical meaning of complex eigenvalues?

I understand the mathematical origin of complex eigenvalues, and that complex eigenvalues come in pairs. But what is the meaning of the imaginary part? In particular I refer to an acoustic problem ...
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25 views

Sine wave sounds [closed]

I've been doing research on trying to understand the way sounds and sine waves work, particularly with chords. So far, my understanding is as follows: $b(t) = \sin(A\pi(t))$ is the base note of the ...
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111 views

Are there any ways to alter frequency of wave?

I want to know how can we change frequency of wave, both sound and light, and what is the nature of "changing frequency" Such as, any material could absorb and re-emit wave in another wavelength. Or ...
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12 views

Distribution of refractive index of water when applied pressure wave

I was wondering when applying pressure wave, ultrasonic sound waves, under water, how I would be able to measure the distribution of the refractive index.
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Sound vibrations for marine propulsion

I asked a similar question about bubbles making less friction on a mass moving through water, now I'm wondering of sound waves could do the same thing as supercavitation or possibly create it's own ...
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21 views

Nonlinear constitutive state equation

Between the Tait equation, and the B/A type of equation, which one is better suited to approximate the isentropic equation of state? Why B/A type is mostly used in nonlinear acoustics?
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42 views

Shock-waves, Bangs and the Speed of Sound

I was watching this video of an erupting volcano. Some Guys in the comments tried to estimate how far away the volcano is by using the delay until the "shock-wave" hits the camera and the speed of ...
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1answer
19 views

Intensity of Sound Wave

Is the intensity of a sound wave same at all the points through which the wave travels? The formula for intensity is $ I = \frac{{p_0}^2 }{2 \rho v}$. But this does not make sense to me. Shouldn't the ...
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If I shout at the sky, will some molecules reach escape velocity?

Will the sound waves, as they move higher and through less dense air, conserve energy to the point where some molecules of the rarified atmosphere attain escape velocity?
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Functional relationship of pressure and position(1d)

so today I started doing my research on oscillations in a course on advanced mechanics. The experiment was to mathematically model the speed of sound in air and experimentally prove the usability of ...
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1answer
25 views

Propagation of sound waves and monopole

While it is understood that in order for the acoustic waves to reach far field the wavelength should be less than the characteristic length of the source, I am not able to physically understand how? ...
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11 views

Calculate pressure distribution at plate surface

Currently I am having troubles calculating the pressure distribution $p(x,y)$ at the surface of a vibrating plate. I have a simply supported rectangular baffled plate which gets excited by a harmonic ...
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Is there any way a longitudinal wave can have a shear velocity component?

I am simulating the propagation of an acoustic field through elastic media. I have identified a pocket of shear stress which is travelling with a speed very close to that of the longitudinal wave ...
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What is the physical explanation for the phase relationship between acoustic pressure and particle velocity in plane and spherical waves?

I've been looking around for a decent physical explanation of the differences in the phase relationships between acoustic pressure and particle velocity in different types of waves. Mathematical ...
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24 views

On nonlinearity parameter in Nonlinear Schrodinger Equation (NLS)

While I am studying the wave propagation in fluids, the amplitude modulation seems to be governed by the NLS equation. In some of the journal papers the nonlinearity parameter, $N$ seems to be of high ...
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12 views

What the phase constant difference required for sources located at the same location?

Here is what my teacher wrote on her notes: Let's say there are two speakers located at x=0m emitting sound waves of same $\omega$ and same A. PHASE CONSTANT DIFFERENCES If A < A'<2A: there is ...
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62 views

Difficulty implementing equation describing angular response of fibre-optic hydrophone

I am attempting to implement an equation in a paper which provides an approximation of the angular response of a simple fibre optic hydrophone. The equation in question (number 19) is repeated here ...
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23 views

Equation of acoustic pressure in moving fluid: derivation

I'm looking for a detailed derivation of the equation of acoustic pressure with harmonic time dependence (of type $p(t,{\bf r}) = \psi({\bf r})e^{i\omega t}$) in moving fluid and under assumptions ...
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1answer
43 views

What allows us to distinguish between two different voices even if they're singing the same note? [duplicate]

I love Freddie Mercury. I love Robert plant. I once heard Robert Plant sing a Freddie Mercury song at a tribute concert. Plant sang the song beautifully, but it was obvious that the song was different ...
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53 views

Is stethoscope sound mono- or stereosound?

I am curious if the sound is monotonic. There are two things on my ears however. Is stethoscope sound mono- or stereosound?
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1answer
50 views

Giant Wind Chimes

I am building large wind chimes out of ALUMINUM TUBES with a D2 at 73.41 hertz as the lowest and two other higher frequencies of A2 at 110 hertz and E3 at 164.8 hertz. I know how to find each length ...
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Sound Source Power Formula Approximation

A sound source emits waves with a wavelength of 25 cm. 50 m away, the waves have an amplitude of 4 micrometers. It's 20 ° C outside and the density of air is 1.3 kg/m^3. What is the power of the ...
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What are overtones and how do they relate to harmonics?

Problem 43. Two organ pipes, a pipe of fundamental frequency 440 Hz, closed at one end, and a pipe of fundamental frequency 660 Hz, open at both ends, produce overtones. Which choice below ...
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Calculate surface pressure due to forced vibrating plate using wavenumber space [closed]

My problem lies in the field of acoustics. I have a given complex velocity distribution. The velocity is the velocity in the normal direction to a rectengular simply supported vibrating plate. I now ...
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56 views

Propellers and the Speed of sound

I was reading this website that described a novel wind turbine technology and it has this quote: In the mid-20th century, open propeller-driven planes with piston engines reached performance ...
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1answer
38 views

Oscillation of air particles and speed of sound wave

A sound wave is essentially air particles oscillating parallel to the direction of travel of the wave. We learnt that $v = f\lambda$, where $v$ is the speed of the wave, $f$ is the frequency of the ...
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41 views

How does underwater sound sound?

I have been thinking about underwater sounds (i.e. sounds produced and recorded underwater), what exactly the water does, and how to emulate this effect. Imagine a sound played underwater (e.g. from ...
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128 views

At what speed would you die upon impact with water?

If we hit the water at great speeds, we die. This is because the water has no time to "move out of the way" and acts as a "solid" surface. At what falling speed can we consider the water as a ...
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18 views

Sound system and Temperature Effects

You arrange a patio with a sound system. Ignore all sound reflections. If you are at a certain location on the patio, you can find the two lowest frequencies you will experience total destructive ...
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28 views

Speakers and Changes in Temperature

Let's say that there is a speaker that oscillates the same way. Now, let's say there is a sudden drop in temperature. I know the speed of sound would drop. But, what will drop, the wavelength or the ...
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23 views

Sound waves travelling in air and the amount of air affected by the wave

If there is a sound wave travelling in the air, will the amount of air transported by the wave be proportional to the intensity? Here is my answer: yes, because as the energy of the wave is related ...
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Reference for the reflexion of sound in connection with boundary conditions of the wave equation

In 3D, the homogenous wave equation $$ -\Delta_x u(x,t) + \frac{1}{c^2} \frac{\partial^2 u}{\partial t^2} (x,t) \ = \ 0 \ \ \mathrm{in} \ \Omega \times (0, \infty) $$ can approximately describe ...
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Why does my car parking proximity sensor alarm go off when a motor cycle goes past? [closed]

My car has proximity sensors to help me park. I've noticed that when motorcycles whiz past me the proximity alarm goes off. I originally though that the motorcycles were just too close, but now I ...
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Propagation/generation of sound is an isentropic process

Is the propagation and generation of sound an isentropic process? Is it because it is a reversible adiabatic process? Why would it be adiabatic? Does it happen so fast that there is no time to ...
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351 views

Why sound does not heat up the air?

Both thermal energy and air are propagated through vibration of particles so why sound does not heat up the air e.g loud musical instrument does not generate much heat ?
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91 views

Difference between sound and heat at particle level

If heat (or thermal energy) are vibrations of particles and sound is a wave that is propagated through medium e.g vibration of air particles, what indicates if vibration of particles will be perceived ...
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1answer
22 views

Can ligthning produce a reverbed sound if it falls on a high-tension line?

Last night, a rather strange noise woke me up around 5 am. It was like if a normal thunder sound had been fed to a reverb/delay box. As I was getting back to sleep afterwards, I could hear the sound ...
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Using sinusoids to represent sound waves

Having some free time, I've begun a mini-project attempting to understand how music works in more detail, which has so far only involved music theory and a bit of set theory. I'm now trying to get my ...
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287 views

Does the speed at which sound travel depend on the volume (amplitude) of the sound?

Lets say you have a plank is you hit it once and get t time if you hit is 2x as hard will it travel t/2? will it be the same or will it travel only slightly faster?
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29 views

Calculate signal strength received by an Ultrasonic Transducer [closed]

Below is an image showing transducer A transmitting a signal with an amplitude of 3000mV, I am trying to calculate the amplitude of the signal received by transducer B in mV, I understand that there ...
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1answer
172 views

Can sound produce electricity?

Energies of wind and water can produce electricity. But, can sound energy also be used to produce electricity?
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50 views

Atmospheric pressure's effect on sound

An argument has been travelling in amongst my friends around this matter and after listening about it for 3 whole days I decided to ask it here. The Question is: Would a high atmospheric pressure ...
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3answers
1k views

Why do I always hear remote train horn at night?

This is definitely not an illusion, as many people have the same experience. I have usually lived in places miles away from train stations, which makes it unlikely to hear any train horns during the ...
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How far is the range of an ultrasonic sensor as far as it can transmit? [duplicate]

How far can ultrasonic waves propagate in the air? (if the energy is enough), how far can ultrasonic waves propagate in the ground (concrete floor)? Are there any articles or experiments about ...