is appropriate for questions dealing with the physics of beams in accelerators (synchrotrons, cyclotrons, linacs, betatrons and other types of accelerators); the ways in which beams are generated; the accelerating, bending and focusing equipment; and the intrinsic limits that arise in trying to ...

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1answer
87 views

Why is an electrostatic accelerator so inefficient at converting wall power to beam power?

I was reading up on electrostatic particle accelerators when I read a statistic stating the efficiency of converting wall electrical power (the electrical power from the outlet) into beam power in an ...
3
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1answer
142 views

Is “microbunching” in a free electron laser limited by the Pauli exclusion principle?

As I understand it, a free electron laser can basically be pictured as a synchrotron light source with an undulator which by the particular setup causes the electrons to self-attune so that they ...
1
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1answer
35 views

Why do positron generators use solenoid magnets to focus positrons instead of FODO structures?

When positrons are generated from a particle beam hitting a dense target, why do we use solenoid electromagnets to focus the resulting positrons? As far as I can see, a FODO (focus-open-defocus-open, ...
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1answer
19 views

Which conditions need to be fulfilled for a FODO cell to provide focusing in both planes?

I often come across the claim that a FODO cell can provide focusing in both planes so long as said cells are appropriately configured. I have never come across any elaboration of what this ...
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1answer
61 views

Do accelerated particles change in size as they change in mass?

If a charged particle is accelerated to incredible energies in a particle collider, its mass increases. Does its radius increase as well and, if so, how does it compare to the change of mass? Could ...
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0answers
433 views

How to integrate over rapidity for Parton Luminosities in LHC?

I want to make a comparison of parton luminosities between Tevatron and LHC. According to Factorization theorem the cross section in hadron colliders, as long as the partonic cross section has $\hat ...
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0answers
78 views

Is muon muon annihilation already realised?

As muon colliders do not yet exist, has muon-muon annihilation already been realized experimentally?
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0answers
94 views

How do I build an alpha emitter?

I would like to build an alpha emitter. I suppose I had some vague idea of knocking the electrons off of some helium. But upon further examination the idea does strike me as...naive? My question is ...
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0answers
13 views

After positron is produced after the target,what will the magnetic strength of the solenoid change phase space of the particle?

When positrons are generated from a particle beam hitting a dense target, solenoids are used to focus them, so what is the relationship between the magnetic fields of the axial direction(parallel to ...
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0answers
16 views

Would the ultra high energy particle beam be scattered in plasma accelerators?

Plasma wakefield accelerators accelerate particles in hot plasma instead of cold vacuum chambers of superconductor linacs. Would the particle beam collide with ions, electrons or thermal photons in ...
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0answers
65 views

Electric field inside the “Dees” of a Cyclotron and why no “Cups”

I read about cyclotron and how does it work. Several references say that the particle to be accelerated is only accelerated when it is between the gaps of the "Dees" or the semicircular disc like ...
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0answers
38 views

Magnetic field of a circular particle accelerator

Suppose there's a $500 \ GeV$ proton beam ($q=1.6 \times 10^{-19} C$) inside a circular particle accelerator, what would be the magnetic field intensity $B$ in Teslas required to keep it stable at a ...