The rate of change of velocity of a body per unit of time.

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2answers
139 views

How to use an accelerometer to correctly quantify the magnitude of vibrations

Consider the following setup: An accelerometer is placed inside a helicopter, measuring $g$ values along three axes $(x,y,z)$ every $10~\text{ms}$ (100 times a second), during a helicopter flight. ...
2
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2answers
481 views

Exact definition of momentarily comoving reference frame (MCRF)

Consider a particle $P$ in the framework of special relativity with position $r(t)=(ct,x(t),y(t),z(t))$ respect to an inertial reference frame $\Sigma=(ct,x,y,z;O)$. I need to know if the following ...
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2answers
90 views

Zero velocity and non-zero average acceleration

Can you have a zero velocity and nonzero average acceleration? I am confused with the word "average" here. If the question would be, "Can you have a zero velocity and nonzero acceleration?" my answer ...
2
votes
1answer
89 views

Are there bounds or measurements on the derivative of acceleration (jerk)

The title says it all. Is there a physical maximum value to the 3rd derivative of position? Common Lore says that there is not and that jerk does not play any role in physics. My guess is that there ...
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1answer
69 views

What is the effect of Torque Steering on a motorcycle with a long wheel base

From experience, it appears motorcycles with a large wheelbase coupled with a long handlebar (say a modified Harley Ape Hangar) shows a noticeable tendency to veer to a side during acceleration vs a ...
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1answer
134 views

Electrons and Magnetism

Electron at rest generates Electric field. Electron moving without acceleration produces electric and magnetic field. Electron moving with acceleration produces electromagnetic waves. Please explain ...
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1answer
49 views

Gravitational Force vs. Centripetal Acceleration

Can someone please explain this conceptually: Suppose we have two probes, one one the surface of the earth and one in geosynchronous orbit. Since $a_c = \omega^2r$, the probe that is further out, ...
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1answer
28 views

Mass-Spring system on an accelerating jet

Imagine a perfect mass spring system. If it's put on an accelerating plane, how will the motion change? Is the plane's acceleration like a driving/damping force, where: $$F_{\text{driving}} = ...
0
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1answer
38 views

Calculating jerk vs Fitts law for smoothness

I've tracked the movement of an input method resulting in this dataset. All data is tracked with equal intervals of 100ms. For example an iteration value of 4 means that this is the position of the ...
0
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1answer
44 views

Is one accelerometer enough for detecting tilt/orientation of a rigid body?

I’m not familiar with sensor hardware, and I don’t really know how an accelerometer works. But I do know that from a mathematical point of view, you wouldn’t be able to uniquely determine the ...
0
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1answer
56 views

What physics concepts support the observation of the book and paper falling together?

you place a sheet of paper on a book, it falls with it rather than being separated & slowed by air resistance. What physics concepts support the observation of the book and paper falling together? ...
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1answer
26 views

Acceleration of a container in thermodynamics

How will accelerating a container with an ideal gas in it affect the conditions? My initial thoughts are that the ideal gas will collect at the opposite end of acceleration, which means that the ...
0
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1answer
168 views

Acceleration of table tennis racket

I can't find any numbers about table tennis. What accelerations occur during a forehand smash for example? Thanks in advance & kind regards, Hans
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1answer
146 views

Doubt in law of mutual interaction

Book: Classical mechanics (textbook) by Douglas Gregory (cambridge publications) Law of mutual interaction states that when two particle (let it be P1 and P2) interacts, the particle (P1) induces an ...
-1
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1answer
1k views

Is antigravity the source of accelerating expansion (dark energy)?

Is antigravity the source of accelerating expansion(dark energy)? From the observation of 1998, we found that our universe has been continuing accelerating expansion, and the unknown cause for this ...
-1
votes
1answer
210 views

Deceleration of Vehicle off pavement

How would I calculate the deceleration of a vehicle (ATV), wheels locked, on dirt? How long would it take to halt? How fast is it decelerating? I used this calculator, but it seems incorrect for a ...
2
votes
0answers
130 views

Odd experiment results (electromagnetics)

Okay, a bit of background. So I'm working on a linear accelerator (you might know it as a Gauss rifle), and I had worked through the equations I thought I needed (Magnetic force, displacement, etc.) ...
2
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0answers
150 views

How do we derive force/acceleration vectors from Einstein's field equations?

I'm new here and I don't have any formal experience in physics beyond A-level. I've been exploring an idea for a space sim game someone else is developing in which propulsion of a spacecraft is ...
1
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0answers
74 views

Why does the mass of an object on a frictionless surface matter?

I'm given a physics problem about a climber hanging over a cliff and attached by rope to a rock on level, frictionless ice. The goal is to find the acceleration of the pair. After working out the net ...
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0answers
32 views

Name for the transformation into an accelerated frame?

A transformation into a frame that looks at an experiment from a rotated perspective is called a rotation. A transformation into a frame that moves with a different constant velocity is called a ...
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0answers
61 views

General Relativity: impact of acceleration on time, experimental setup

In What is relativity by Jeffrey Bennett (Amazon link), the author explains how acceleration/gravity impact time and causes time dilation. For this he takes an example of an accelerating space-ship ...
1
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0answers
42 views

Trying to model the acceleration of a system due to an impulse forcing function

My team and I are working on a design project to design/modify a device that can go on hikes for paraplegic/quadriplegic people. Here is the current design (not designed by us): We are thinking ...
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0answers
38 views

How forces work during hammerthrow

I am not sure if I understand how forces work during hammerthrow. From my understanding athlete works with Fmuscle force on a ball and rotate it and a ball works with equal opposite force on an ...
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0answers
62 views

what does exactly accelerometer measure on a vertical rotating disk?

I am trying to understand an aspect of rotational dynamics. I am having some trouble arriving at a solution. Consider a disk of uniform mass distribution, and radius R centered at the origin of an xy ...
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0answers
80 views

Are there 'special' cases for when special relativity can be applied for accelerating bodies?

I have the following theoretical situation: A space station modeled as a ring in free space is rotating about its centre point at a high speed. I am trying to work out where time flows slower. From ...
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0answers
51 views

What is the physics associated with climbing a space elevator?

Suppose you have a space elevator and you use it to lift weight to orbit. Obvious this is pulling down on the counterweight. So doesn't this mean that you need to apply appropriate acceleration ...
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0answers
42 views

Calculate the acceleration of the trailing muon bunch

Two separate suitably short but intense bunches of muons, "A" and "B", are both supposed to be constantly accelerating (in an otherwise sufficiently flat region) with constant proper acceleration ...
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0answers
45 views

Acceleration by spherical particles (micron-scale) by an external force

I am looking for an expression for the velocity of a micron sized (1 - 10 micron diameter) sized particles under accelerating forces. I have aerosols in mind. This is what I have in mind The ...
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0answers
290 views

How to model an accelerometer measurements on a car wheel?

I am working on kinematically modelling an accelerometer on a car wheel. When working on the initial conditions, I am confused whether or not I should use the gravitational acceleration since there ...
0
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0answers
44 views

Is the acceleration of a soap bubble the standard value of gravitational acceleration?

Is the acceleration of a basic soap bubble the same as the standard value of gravitational acceleration 9.81 m/s^2 when it is dropping in a windless space? I have used the Newton's 2nd law to prove ...
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0answers
23 views

Betatron vs Fermi acceleration

According to the reference below, the plasma in a planetary radiation belt increases its temperature anisotropy through radial diffusion; temperature perpendicular to the background magnetic field ...
0
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0answers
27 views

How to calculate the final velocity of object with variable acceleration?

Initially, an object has a velocity of 0 m/s and acceleration 8.44 m/s2. After traveling 500 km, its acceleration is 9.81 m/s2. How would you calculate the final velocity of the object?
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0answers
69 views

Can two bodies move with equal acceleration if forces acting on both are unequal?

In my textbook there is a case given that is to find acceleration and tension produced in a string passed over a frictionless pulley and attached with bodies of different masses at its ends. Now below ...
0
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0answers
16 views

Is there a way to detect acceleration of an object using a magnetic field readings (magnetometer)

I intend to design an application for Android which uses the accelerometer to detect the acceleration. However I'd also like to use the magnetometer to reduce the noise from accelerometer readings. My ...
0
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0answers
58 views

Centripetal acceleration for a polyline

This question is also posted on the Mathematics forum. I am not physicist, therefore sorry if my question is a bit primitive. Given a polyline (x and y coordinates) in Cartesian coordinate system, ...
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0answers
84 views

Instantaneous acceleration in non uniform circular motion

How is instantaneous acceleration different from tangential acceleration in a non uniform circular motion? We know that instantaneous acceleration is tangent to a point at any given time and so is ...
0
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0answers
79 views

Why and how is acceleration absolute?

Is there a testable model which explains why rotation of an object in space and straight-line acceleration appear to be absolute while uniform translation is relative? I know of Mach's explanation, ...
0
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0answers
111 views

Motion of an electron in an Electric Field

I'm having trouble finding the acceleration of an electron which enters a constant electric field. What I know is that the velocity of the electron is $2.5 \times 10^6 \text{ m/s}$ with a mass of ...
0
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0answers
22 views

isolating centripedal acceleration

I have sensor that picks up both gravitational and centripetal acceleration, it also picks up tangential as it is in three axis. I guess if the sensor is put on a pendulum the tangential acceleration ...
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0answers
47 views

Maxwell's Equations for Accelerated Conductors

I asked a question about accelerated conductors in a magnetic field but nobody unfortunately answered. That is: Ohm's Law for Accelerated Conductors Maybe, I could not state my question well. I ...
0
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0answers
108 views

Is the gravitational acceleration at the event horizon constant?

If the escape velocity at the event horizon of a black hole is equal to the speed of light, does this imply that the gravitational acceleration at the event horizon is also constant? For example, ...
0
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0answers
53 views

In the formula for the change of frame of reference, which term(s) is/are the centrifugal/centripetal acceleration?

This is the formula for the change of frame of reference for the acceleration: I have a book where it is written that: The first term is the absolute acceleration. The second term is the relative ...
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0answers
41 views

Geometric Interpretation of these equations of motion?

I was reading my Engineering Mechanics book, and it derived some strange looking integrals I'll have to apply. I could memorize them, but I'd rather understand them - then I won't have to memorize. ...
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0answers
45 views

Rolling resistance

Today, my physics teacher asked the following question (and gave it as homework): How can a moving body deaccelerate both in means of center of mass and rotationally? I quickly answered that ...
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0answers
426 views

Gravity change as a function of time only

Is it possible to find how gravity changes with time? That is, height is not part of the equation. For example, $g$ can be expressed as a function of height that does not involve time with this ...
0
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0answers
86 views

Transformation of a time-dependent acceleration to another frame

How do I transform a time-dependent acceleration between to rest frames? I was given a particular problem and while I found possibilities [1] [2] for acceleration-transformations when the acceleration ...
0
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0answers
145 views

g as a function of Theta

I slide an object down a ramp of a certain length, which is inclined at a certain angle $\theta$. It reaches the bottom in time $t$. Assuming that no forces act on the object other than gravity and ...
0
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0answers
138 views

Continuum mechanics and effects of stress

Going to word this question a bit more straightforward than I may have before. Also, I'm trying to use baby formulas so I can grasp exactly what's going on. Object A has an elasticity of ...
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0answers
138 views

Do human body parts like hands or legs move with uniform acceleration?

So, is this true? I mean, does a movement by hand or leg make uniform or constant acceleration?
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0answers
44 views

Why is velocity different than the higher derivatives of position?

Why is a body only maintaining its state of uniform motion or rest, but not its acceleration or any other higher derivatives of position?