The rate of change of velocity of a body per unit of time.

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2
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4answers
4k views

What does the magnitude of the acceleration mean?

I am a little confused as to what the magnitude of acceleration is and what it means.
2
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0answers
26 views

Alignment of a triaxial accelerometer [on hold]

I was wondering if someone could explain the alignment issues associated with a tri-axial accelerometer. It measures acceleration in terms of $g$. I have read some literature but I am unsure about the ...
5
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2answers
328 views

The acceleration vector of a simple pendulum

In this picture the acceleration vector $\vec{a}$ points upward when the pendulum is halfway Click To see animated GIF But according to this picture, the force acts tangentially: Which means the ...
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0answers
20 views

Calculate object displacement with a radial/centripetal acceleration [on hold]

What i want to do is calculate the displacement of a object with a certain radial acceleration in a moment of time. The object has a velocity, radial acceleration and a tangential acceleration. For ...
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5answers
58 views

Why is acceleration constant in this example?

I was shown this video by our professor: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8A7DiGzJUvg&feature=youtu.be And I do not understand why the acceleration is constant. Our professor told us that a freely ...
1
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2answers
59 views

Why isn't jumping against a wall an elastic collision?

According to this calculator http://www.abecedarical.com/javascript/script_collision1d.html when low mass object hits high mass object it is reflected gaining opposite velocity almost the same as ...
0
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2answers
48 views

Accelerometer validation trace

I am attempting to validate an accelerometer. I have a triaxial accelerometer and placed it on a wheel which goes at various frequencies from 1 to 3 Hz. Am I right in thinking that I would expect the ...
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2answers
114 views

How can Excel be used to model the flight of a rocket? [closed]

Firstly, sorry for any silly mistakes or improper use of this website - this is my first time using it! I am trying to use Excel to model the flight of the Apollo 11 Saturn V rocket using the real ...
1
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1answer
39 views

Gravitational acceleration at half Earth's radius [duplicate]

What would be the gravitational acceleration at half at Earth's radius? Something tells me it should be proportional to the mass distributed in that part, but I am not sure. Of course, we assume we ...
1
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1answer
95 views

Accelerometer problem - difficulty understanding my readout

I am having great difficult understand my readout from an accelerometer that I placed on a rotation wheel. The wheel spins at various speeds and i measured the radius from the center. I think I ...
0
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3answers
2k views

What's the acceleration of pendulum when velocity is zero

For a pendulum which has a light string to hang a bob, I know that when the bob swing to the leftmost or rightmost end, the velocity of the bob is zero and the acceleration should be maximized. But if ...
0
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2answers
49 views

How to use an accelerometer to correctly quantify the magnitude of vibrations

Consider the following setup, an accelerometer is placed inside a helicopter, measuring "g" values along 3 axes (x,y,z) every 10 ms (100 times a second), during a helicopter flight. If one, wants to ...
2
votes
1answer
25 views

Eddy Currents: Relationships between thickness and deceleration

This is probably a question with a very simple answer, but I want to make sure before I write too much. I'm doing an investigation on Electromagnetic fields, in particular eddy currents and how they ...
1
vote
6answers
128 views

Does large acceleration have to cause damage to the human body?

My whole life, I've heard that large accelerations cause damage to humans (e.g. g-forces in space movies). However, after reading about general relativity, it seems to me that a strong force which ...
1
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2answers
110 views

What is the relative acceleration of a projectile fired at in a low gravity vacuum?

This question is to end an old argument. Given a (space) vehicle with an acceleration of X, and projectile with an acceleration of 2X (rocket, not bullet), what would the relative acceleration of the ...
1
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0answers
36 views

How forces work during hammerthrow

I am not sure if I understand how forces work during hammerthrow. From my understanding athlete works with Fmuscle force on a ball and rotate it and a ball works with equal opposite force on an ...
1
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3answers
48 views

How to differentiate between rotating frame and linearly accelerating frame?

Two friends, $A$ and $B$ are part of an experiment. $A$ is placed in a closed box and made to accelerate in free space at an acceleration $g$. $B$ is also placed in a closed box, but is made to rotate ...
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1answer
63 views

Understanding action reaction in an example

When I move an object that object should move me as well. I tried standing on a skateboard to reduce friction, and holding a heavy barbell, move myself away from it (while still holding it) but I ...
1
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0answers
32 views

Is there any acceleration of light? [duplicate]

I find it hard to believe that photons always travel with 3 x 10^8 m/s just from the start. But there must be some acceleration of light. Maybe huge or taking place in picoseconds. So what maybe the ...
1
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2answers
1k views

What is the difference between an accelerometer and an inclinometer?

When looking through papers for a controls project I found one that seemed to be referencing the fusing of sensor data from an inclinometer and an accelerometer. I always had thought that it was ...
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3answers
37 views

How to approximate acceleration from a trajectory's coordinates?

If I only know $x$- and $y$- coordinates of every point on a trajectory without knowledge of time information, is there any way to approximate Cartesian acceleration angle at each point? Time interval ...
1
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1answer
46 views

How to calculate the horizontal acceleration?

I am trying to measure the acceleration and deceleration of a car by using an 3 axis accelerometer which is build in an iPhone 5s. Placing the iPhone flat inside the car with the y axis to the top of ...
0
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3answers
64 views

How should two particles accelerate to have their separation Lorentz-contract?

Suppose we have two particles with initial separation of $|x_2^\text{init}-x_1^\text{init}|=d$. At time $t=0$ they start accelerating with proper acceleration of $w$. Then position of the $i$th ...
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2answers
34 views

Problem deriving displacement from accelerations

I have a problem deriving displacement from an accelerometer; I want a time series of displacement so I used numerical integration twice; I based my code on the trapezium rule and so did something ...
0
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2answers
85 views

Animating an Acceleration Vector - Acceleration of object on a crested path in gravitational field

So I was reading in Chapter 3 of my textbook, Sears & Zemanksky's University Physics with Modern Physics by Young and Freedman, 13th Edition, and the discussion took us to a definition of the ...
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1answer
97 views

What is the difference between negative acceleration and decreasing acceleration?

According to Reisnick and Halliday, retardation is the acceleration in the negative direction of time axis ie. opposite to the motion. Decreasing accleretion is the decrease in the magnitude of time ...
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0answers
26 views

Is gravitational acceleration less affected by relativistic mass increase? [duplicate]

Acceleration due to mechanical force will lessen due to relativistic mass increase as kinetic energy becomes significant near c. But if acceleration is gravitational, the gain in relativistic mass ...
0
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2answers
34 views

Peak at zero in one device and not the other

I was wondering if anyone could shed some light on this problem. I have placed two accelerometers on an animal one sampling at 50 Hz the other at 100 Hz. They were placed in the same position. I then ...
2
votes
1answer
143 views

Can a human body supercavitate to survive water impact?

Inspired by this analysis of a human (OK, Captain America) hitting water feet first at terminal velocity, I'm wondering if supercavitation would be possible and whether it would improve your chances ...
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2answers
77 views

$F=ma$ calculation taking relativity into account?

Newton's second law of motion states that $f = ma$. However, in this equation, theoretically there could be a value of $f$ and $m$ that results in an acceleration that is enough to push an object past ...
6
votes
2answers
95 views

At Interfaces Does Light Have to Accelerate?

First, I'm not sure if photons have to "get up to" the speed of light, or if they are thrown into existence at that speed. I know that they should just be generated moving at their speed, and I know ...
3
votes
1answer
84 views

If dark energy is accelerating the expansion of the universe, why can't I feel it?

Based on the Lambda-CDM cosmological model, our universe is not only expanding, but is accelerating in its expansion. However, the Equivalence Principle would suggest that inertia manifests itself in ...
0
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2answers
8k views

Calculating force of impact

Since $\text{force = mass}\times\text{acceleration}$, is it right to say that an object traveling at a high constant velocity (zero acceleration), exerts zero force upon impact with a stationary ...
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3answers
47 views

Momentum acceleration in space?

I'm an engineering student and have a few ideas to bat at the scientific community. First premise is based upon common sense. I understand that if I am standing on a skateboard on a relatively smooth ...
2
votes
1answer
27 views

Does Light (EM Signal) undergo accelration during reflection? [duplicate]

Since Average acceleration is defined as, Average acceleration over a period of time is the change in Velocity divided by the Duration of the Period. Does Light (EM Wave) undergo acceleration during ...
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3answers
165 views

Calculate vertical distance using acceleration

I have the following scenario: an iPhone is connected to a vertical rail (it's motion is restricted to the Y axis). Through mechanical means the phone is forced upwards and then allowed to return to ...
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3answers
44 views

Is there a difference between “average acceleration” and centripetal acceleration?

Question adapted from Examkrackers MCAT prep book: A particle moves along a half circle (diameter=$10\text{ m}$) at a constant speed of $1\text{ m/s}$. What is the average acceleration of the ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

What will be the acceleration of an object $A$ when its released by another object $B$ moving with an upward acceleration $a$?

What will be the acceleration of an object $A$ when its released by another object $B$ moving with an upward acceleration $a$? Will the acceleration of the object $A$ be more than the acceleration due ...
2
votes
2answers
48 views

What is the value of $g$ at centre? [duplicate]

What is the value of $g$ at the centre of the Earth? Is it zero or infinity? My attempt: I know it's zero but applying law made me on fused.
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0answers
24 views

Do we feel the full force of the earths gravity even though the earth is spinning [duplicate]

As far as I know, since the earth is spinning, centrifugal force should be throwing you off the earth. However, gravity counteracts that by being a stronger force. So if you stood an object with the ...
2
votes
3answers
51 views

Can we measure rates in real time?

I know what it means to say that my position is "X" at a particular moment in time. I can easily take a picture of my motion and observe my exact location at the instant the picture was taken. That is ...
0
votes
2answers
667 views

When we throw an object in the presence of gravitational attraction is the mass of the object proportional to the time of fall or not?

I was confused when i saw two object of different masses (A and B)falling from the same height(h) but both of them strikes the ground at same time. Is this possible, that masses of the objects are ...
6
votes
5answers
240 views

Acceleration in $F=ma$

I tried to ask this question in Electrical Engineering Stackexchange but was told I was better asking here. Newton's Second Law of Motion states that the vector sum of the forces $\mathbf{F}$ on an ...
9
votes
5answers
333 views

What is the best path for a given initial and final state?

I am trying to calculate an efficient acceleration curve given starting and final positions and velocities. I'm assuming no friction, and that the acceleration can be applied in any direction at any ...
0
votes
1answer
30 views

Force felt by capacitor mounted on printed circuit board

I have a printed circuit board with a surface mount electrolytic capacitor soldered to it. It has two spindly legs that hold up this can, so it can move back and forth on the legs' axis just slightly. ...
6
votes
4answers
2k views

Is acceleration relative?

A while back in my Dynamics & Relativity lectures my lecturer mentioned that an object need not be accelerating relative to anything - he said it makes sense for an object to just be accelerating. ...
2
votes
2answers
84 views

How do we know gravity isn't acceleration? [closed]

If an accelerometer sitting at rest on the earths surface measures 1 G of acceleration upward. How do we know "space" (the reference) isn't rushing down into the earth. I mean experimentally that's ...
1
vote
0answers
16 views

Is acceleration quadratic or linear outside of a gravity field? [duplicate]

So as I understand it: If you hit a wall at twice the speed you hit four times as hard? I often ask people this and everyone says "at twice the speed you hit twice as hard". $K=\frac{1}{2}mv^2$ is ...
15
votes
7answers
382 views

Is there a limit to acceleration?

As we all know the speed of light is the limit at which energy/matter can travel through our universe. My question being: is there a similar limit for acceleration? Is there a limit to how quickly ...
0
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1answer
41 views

Bomb trajectory from an airplane

If a plane is flying at a constant speed at some altitude like 5-6 km and it releases a bomb: does the bomb move forward at the same horizontal speed as the airplane? or does its horizontal speed ...