The rate of change of velocity of a body per unit of time.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

108
votes
8answers
24k views

Don't heavier objects actually fall faster because they exert their own gravity?

The common understanding is that, setting air resistance aside, all objects dropped to Earth fall at the same rate. This is often demonstrated through the thought experiment of cutting a large object ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

How to calculate g-force of a vehicle in an accident through accelerometer values?

i'm developing a crash notification android application.i want to calculate the g-force at the event of car crash.which is detected by the accelerometer of the smartphone.so far my code is as below, ...
2
votes
2answers
475 views

Exact definition of momentarily comoving reference frame (MCRF)

Consider a particle $P$ in the framework of special relativity with position $r(t)=(ct,x(t),y(t),z(t))$ respect to an inertial reference frame $\Sigma=(ct,x,y,z;O)$. I need to know if the following ...
3
votes
2answers
139 views

How to use an accelerometer to correctly quantify the magnitude of vibrations

Consider the following setup: An accelerometer is placed inside a helicopter, measuring $g$ values along three axes $(x,y,z)$ every $10~\text{ms}$ (100 times a second), during a helicopter flight. ...
1
vote
4answers
37 views

Instantaneous acceleration vector toward the concave side of a curved path

Why does the instantaneous acceleration vector of a moving particle always point toward the concave side of a curved path? My college textbooks mention this as something obvious, without further ...
1
vote
2answers
341 views

Help with buoyant forces and liquids (high school physics)

I am stuck on this problem. Here is the scenario Suppose you send a balloon (filled with air) from your submersible craft to the surface of the ocean, $10.8 \text{ km}$ above, with the ...
0
votes
2answers
54 views

How to treat an exercise about the rotational acceleration during a throw?

Because I am studying on my own, I don't have anyone to talk to about this when I don't understand, and I was wondering if someone could help me with a concept in rotational kinematics: At the ...
2
votes
3answers
355 views

Why do non-accelerating objects exert force on each other?

The equation for force is $\vec{F} = m\vec{a}$, where $\vec{a}$ is acceleration. Acceleration is a change in velocity. However, if an object with constant velocity (i.e. 0 acceleration) hits another ...
0
votes
0answers
35 views

Acceleration equation [closed]

I found this equation, and was wondering if it worked. It is different than others i have seen before. Here it is: $$ a = \frac{2x}{t^2} - \frac{2v_0}{t} $$ I dont understand why we divide by $t$ in ...
-1
votes
1answer
25 views

Which acceleration equations?

Which equation gives the most accurate answer? $$a=g \sin⁡ α-μg \cos⁡ α\\ a=s/t/t\\ a=2s/t^2 -(2v_0)/t$$ Because i get three different answers. The scenario is a box sliding down on an inclined ...
-1
votes
0answers
43 views

Why is velocity different than the higher derivatives of position?

Why is a body only maintaining its state of uniform motion or rest, but not its acceleration or any other higher derivatives of position?
0
votes
3answers
149 views

Animating an Acceleration Vector - Acceleration of object on a crested path in gravitational field

So I was reading in Chapter 3 of my textbook, Sears & Zemanksky's University Physics with Modern Physics by Young and Freedman, 13th Edition, and the discussion took us to a definition of the ...
1
vote
1answer
201 views

What does this sentence mean?

"The acceleration of free fall on the surface of the Earth is 6 times its value on the surface of the Moon." I interpreted it as: "The acceleration of free fall due to the Earth's ...
3
votes
3answers
577 views

Does a heavy body move with the slightest force on a frictionless surface?

If I apply horizontal force on a body resting on the ground, my force will be opposed by the frictional force and the body will accelerate at the point where my force exceeds the force of friction = ...
1
vote
1answer
66 views

Can you determine acceleration from positions and velocities only?

I just began reading the Landau and Lifshitz book on classical mechanics. It states on the first page of Chapter 1 that: Mathematically, this means that, if all the coordinates $q$ and velocities ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

Gravitational Force vs. Centripetal Acceleration

Can someone please explain this conceptually: Suppose we have two probes, one one the surface of the earth and one in geosynchronous orbit. Since $a_c = \omega^2r$, the probe that is further out, ...
0
votes
0answers
42 views

Is the acceleration of a soap bubble the standard value of gravitational acceleration?

Is the acceleration of a basic soap bubble the same as the standard value of gravitational acceleration 9.81 m/s^2 when it is dropping in a windless space? I have used the Newton's 2nd law to prove ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

Betatron vs Fermi acceleration

According to the reference below, the plasma in a planetary radiation belt increases its temperature anisotropy through radial diffusion; temperature perpendicular to the background magnetic field ...
1
vote
2answers
90 views

Why does a reaction force still allow the thing exerting the force to move?

A $5$ kg and a $10$ kg box are touching each other. A $45N$ horizontal force is applied to the $5$kg box in order to accelerate both boxes across the floor. Ignore friction forces and ...
1
vote
0answers
74 views

Why does the mass of an object on a frictionless surface matter?

I'm given a physics problem about a climber hanging over a cliff and attached by rope to a rock on level, frictionless ice. The goal is to find the acceleration of the pair. After working out the net ...
0
votes
2answers
30 views

Is the acceleration of an object a linear function?

Let's assume that I have a dataset with the variable acceleration which is a time needed for a car to speed up to 60 mph. Now I would like to transform this to time needed for a car to speed up to 100 ...
0
votes
2answers
54 views

Movement of accelerating points with maximum speed (i.e. running away from tiger) [closed]

I'm walking through a forest and suddenly I see a tiger. And now I have a problem. I want to know how much time I have left but I don't know how to calculate it. Or more formally: Let's ...
0
votes
2answers
548 views

How to calculate work when a block is moving with constant velocity?

How to calculate work when a block is moving with constant velocity? As we know $f=ma$, and for constant velocity $a=0$, so $f=0$ and $w=fs=0$? Can anybody make it clear?
0
votes
4answers
129 views

Exceeding the speed of light using gravity? [duplicate]

From what I have learned, objects must accelerate as they approach a heavy mass. But I also know that they cannot travel faster than the speed of light. What if you had a proton travelling at ...
2
votes
2answers
88 views

Neutron star: free fall acceleration

The textbook from which I teach physics at the end of secondary school, has a question about a neutron star: $M_{star}=1.4\cdot M_{sun}$, radius 15km. "Calculate the free fall acceleration at the ...
3
votes
2answers
718 views

Why aren't satellites increasing speed because of gravitational acceleration?

Satellites orbiting the earth are experiencing almost as strong gravitation as we do, but they don't hit the earth because of their velocity outwards and the earth's curvature. But if they're ...
1
vote
5answers
102 views

How to interpret that forces do not depend on acceleration?

I was told forces can depend on time, location and velocity, but never on acceleration. At first I thought this must be wrong, thinking of $F=m\cdot a$. But I think/hope I now got what was meant, what ...
4
votes
4answers
567 views

Is there any such thing as a change in acceleration (ex: 3 m/s/s/s)? [duplicate]

If there exists something like that, then in $distance/time/time/time$, how is it expressed?
3
votes
3answers
52 views

Why is acceleration significant to generating power in racket sports?

I'm reading a paper on badminton stroke power (see Figure 4 on page 8). It says: For most of the trials the racket head reached peak speed just at the time of impact. The racket head showed ...
1
vote
2answers
35 views

Average acceleration versus instantaneous acceleration

Does instantaneous acceleration also changes when direction of velocity changes. I know average acceleration does change.
1
vote
0answers
32 views

Name for the transformation into an accelerated frame?

A transformation into a frame that looks at an experiment from a rotated perspective is called a rotation. A transformation into a frame that moves with a different constant velocity is called a ...
1
vote
3answers
65 views

How do these factors affect the free fall of objects?

Take an example of two balls of different masses being dropped from about 250 meters from the ground. How do the following factors affect free fall: Air resistance. Absence of air resistance. ...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

Is this the reason why acceleration is said absolute?

I've seem sometimes people saying that although uniform motion on a straight line cannot be detected and hence it is not absolute, acceleration is indeed absolute in Classical Mechanics (I don't know ...
0
votes
1answer
61 views

Difference between Speed and Velocity

What is the difference between Speed, Velocity and Acceleration? Could any one describe it pictorially?. I am more over confused even after investigating many times. I am unable to relate myself ...
1
vote
2answers
92 views

Does an aircraft hover at a constant acceleration or varied acceleration?

I have a question that's bugging me. Googling it only made me more confused so I really hope someone can help me clear this. If a plane is flying up and down; or hovering (Like the x-wing scene from ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Is acceleration due to gravity constant?

I was taught in school that acceleration due to gravity is constant. But recently, when I checked Physics textbook, I noted that $$F = \dfrac{G \cdot m_1 \cdot m_2}{r^2} $$ So, as the body falls ...
0
votes
1answer
20 views

How to apply the Relation between net acceleration and time in this case?

I have a small doubt ... I read online about some elevator problems and concluded that , If a body is falling downwards, the net acceleration of the body is = acc.due to gravity - acc. of the body ...
0
votes
1answer
28 views

Mass-Spring system on an accelerating jet

Imagine a perfect mass spring system. If it's put on an accelerating plane, how will the motion change? Is the plane's acceleration like a driving/damping force, where: $$F_{\text{driving}} = ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

Calculating jerk vs Fitts law for smoothness

I've tracked the movement of an input method resulting in this dataset. All data is tracked with equal intervals of 100ms. For example an iteration value of 4 means that this is the position of the ...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

Acceleration of Rain drop

Under the heading 'Points to remember',my textbook states: It is possible that an object can be increasing in speed when its acceleration is decreasing as in case of a raindrop. I could not get ...
12
votes
3answers
2k views

How does anything move? [duplicate]

So in order for two things $A$ and $B$ to move apart, for example, relative to each other, $B$ can be set into motion away from $A$. This means that we have to increase $B$'s velocity and therefore ...
1
vote
1answer
22 views

Finding the accuracy of an accelerometer

I would like to measure and compare the accuracy of different accelerometers. Obviously I must choose a reference, therefore I compare all the accelerometer with this reference and then decide which ...
0
votes
1answer
67 views

Zero velocity and non-zero average acceleration

Can you have a zero velocity and nonzero average acceleration? I am confused with the word "average" here. If the question would be, "Can you have a zero velocity and nonzero acceleration?" my answer ...
-2
votes
1answer
28 views

Find Distance with Acceleration and Time

I'm working on Physics homework and have run into a problem I can't figure out. Any help would be much appreciated! Problem: Allison exerts a steady net force of 50N on a 22-kg shopping cart ...
3
votes
6answers
703 views

Help understanding Bell's spaceship paradox

The problem statement of Bell's Spaceship paradox is this: Two spaceships float in space and are at rest relative to each other. They are connected by a string. The string is strong, but it ...
11
votes
4answers
2k views

How do I calculate the distance a ship will take to stop?

I am a River Pilot and drive ships for a living. These ships are very large and range up to 160,000 Metric Tons. I am trying to figure out how to calculate the distance to stopping. I have a basic ...
-1
votes
2answers
78 views

Acceleration to lightspeed using gravity

Suppose we have a very advanced spaceship that (aside from colliding with planets or entering a blackhole) is indestructable, and can go very fast, but is incapable of moving at lightspeed on it's ...
4
votes
6answers
4k views

Do photons have acceleration?

Photons travel at the fastest speed in our universe, the speed of light. Do photons have acceleration?
6
votes
5answers
8k views

If an object moved 5 meters in a second, how can its velocity be 10 m/s?

I am reading the tutorial on physics classroom.com, and am at Meaning of Slope for a v-t graph. It gives data for an object experiencing an acceleration: This is the corresponding chart for the ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

How to calculate the final velocity of object with variable acceleration?

Initially, an object has a velocity of 0 m/s and acceleration 8.44 m/s2. After traveling 500 km, its acceleration is 9.81 m/s2. How would you calculate the final velocity of the object?