The rate of change of velocity of a body per unit of time.

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6
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2answers
138 views

At Interfaces Does Light Have to Accelerate?

First, I'm not sure if photons have to "get up to" the speed of light, or if they are thrown into existence at that speed. I know that they should just be generated moving at their speed, and I know ...
0
votes
3answers
90 views

Accelerometer validation trace

I am attempting to validate an accelerometer. I have a triaxial accelerometer and placed it on a wheel which goes at various frequencies from 1 to 3 Hz. Am I right in thinking that I would expect the ...
3
votes
2answers
139 views

How to use an accelerometer to correctly quantify the magnitude of vibrations

Consider the following setup: An accelerometer is placed inside a helicopter, measuring $g$ values along three axes $(x,y,z)$ every $10~\text{ms}$ (100 times a second), during a helicopter flight. ...
0
votes
1answer
85 views

Have I calculated Angular Acceleration correctly?

I am teaching myself basic mechanics from a standing start. I am trying to understand Angular Acceleration and have set myself a problem to solve. My answer 'feels' wrong, so I'd like some help to ...
0
votes
2answers
46 views

Finding out the velocity [closed]

Displacement of an object is related to time $x=at+bt^2-ct^3$ where a, b and c are constant motion.Then the velocity of an object when it's acceleration is zero is given by ...
0
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0answers
41 views

Geometric Interpretation of these equations of motion?

I was reading my Engineering Mechanics book, and it derived some strange looking integrals I'll have to apply. I could memorize them, but I'd rather understand them - then I won't have to memorize. ...
3
votes
2answers
156 views

What does an applied force on an already accelerating object do?

I'm a big beginner having only taken Grade 11 high-school physics. Imagine this situation: an object is accelerating north, and while it's accelerating, it's 'hit' by a northward force. To me it ...
24
votes
5answers
8k views

Why do heavier objects fall faster in air?

We all know that in an idealised world all objects accelerate at the same rate when dropped regardless of their mass. We also know that in reality (or more accurately, in air) a lead feather falls ...
1
vote
1answer
89 views

Travel time for accelerating object [closed]

I have an object which starts at velocity = 0. Accelerates to a known max speed and continues thereon at constant velocity (max speed). My problem: How long does it take to reach a known ...
7
votes
3answers
685 views

Dark Energy / Accelerating universe: naive question

Folks, I have a naive question regarding the subject of dark energy and an accelerating universe: From what I understand/read, it seems that the further we look out into deep space, the faster the ...
0
votes
2answers
141 views

Constant Acceleration Question [closed]

A Cessna 150 aircraft has a lift-off speed of approximately 125 $kmh^{-1}$. What minimum constant acceleration does this require if the aircraft is to be airborne after a take-off run of 129 m? So I ...
2
votes
1answer
29 views

am i finding the force correctly?

I am trying to see if I am doing a problem correctly. Problem Suppose you carry a 50kg sack of potatoes up two flights of stairs, a total height of 10m. How much work did you do? If it took you ...
2
votes
1answer
294 views

How to get time from equation of linear uniformly accelerated motion? [closed]

I have had a problem solving this equation for time (from Linear Uniformly Accelerated Motion (LUAM)): $$ s= v_0t + \tfrac{1}{2}at^2 $$ I'll appreciate if someone could provide me some step-by-step ...
1
vote
1answer
160 views

Why is speed/position relative but acceleration not? [duplicate]

I think i understand it now, if found this: link I know that position and speed are relative. There is no such thing as universal coordinates. Then why is acceleration absolute? Is the 3th and 4th ...
3
votes
4answers
365 views

Solving for motion of rotating rod using only Newton's laws?

I have a question that's been bothering me for years. Given a rod of uniform mass distribution with total mass $M$ and length $L$ that lies on a horizontal table (with one end fixed to the table ...
2
votes
3answers
97 views

How to calculate the velocity of this body? [closed]

Graph of a train (the body) is provided which starts from rest. What is the velocity after the train has 10 metres displacement? Thats the only things provided for the question, please help me ...
1
vote
2answers
36 views

Space travel using pair production

If the method for creating electrons and positrons from photons, as described in this article, were proven correct, would it be possible to use it for accelerating space ships – using only an energy ...
0
votes
2answers
117 views

Can acceleration be achieved without reaction mass?

In a previous question, I asked whether a flashlight can accelerate me. The answer is yes. This has led me to wonder, this is inferior to all other known propulsion methods in all aspects except one: ...
41
votes
4answers
8k views

If I'm floating in space and I turn on a flashlight, will I accelerate?

Photons have no mass but they can push things, as evidenced by laser propulsion. Can photons push the source which is emitting them? If yes, will a more intense flashlight accelerate me more? Does ...
5
votes
2answers
124 views

How long does it take to optimally change position and velocity?

A spaceship moving in two dimensions is at position $(x, y)$ and has a velocity $(v_x, v_y)$. It also has a maximum acceleration $a_{max}$. Its goal is to be at position $(x', y')$ with a velocity of ...
2
votes
1answer
153 views

When photons are emitted, do they accelerate to reach the speed of light? [duplicate]

Photons are considered mass-less particle with a specific velocity but according to the electromagnetic theory, a photon is considered to have both energy and momentum. So what happen when they are ...
0
votes
1answer
615 views

Truck moving uphill, object suspended from ceiling, determine acceleration [closed]

A truck is moving with constant acceleration $a$ up a hill that makes and angle $\phi$ with the horizontal. An object of mass $m$ is suspended from the ceiling of the truck by a light cord. If the ...
8
votes
1answer
195 views

Why does acceleration seem not to be the gradient of gravitational potential?

Consider a spherically symmetric distribution of density $\rho(r)$. We can define the mass enclosed within each radius $r$ using $\frac{dM(r)}{dr} = 4\pi r^2 \rho(r)$, with the condition that $M(r=0) ...
1
vote
1answer
102 views

Acceleration in stationary spacetime

How would I show the acceleration vector $ a^\mu = u^\nu \bigtriangledown_\nu u^\mu = \bigtriangledown^\mu lnV $ for an observer instantaneously 'at rest,' where $u^\mu = dx^\mu/d\tau$ and $V^2 = ...
0
votes
5answers
2k views

Acceleration is zero, for non-zero net force

I understand a problem like this has already been asked, but I have not found an answer that makes it clear. A force is applied to a box on a table(lets ignore friction), and the box moves with some ...
2
votes
2answers
291 views

What is wrong with considering the Atwood machine as a system?

I am confused about a method used in the following problem. There is an arrangement as shown below. The surface is smooth, and the pulleys are light. We have to find the acceleration $a_0$ of $m_1$. ...
0
votes
1answer
94 views

Acceleration ratio

Can anyone please explain why: $$a_1=a_2\tan\alpha $$ We have 2 same cubes placed on a platform, between them there is a wedge which is pushing the cubes in opposite directions. The hard part of the ...
2
votes
4answers
735 views

Sum of acceleration vectors

If a point mass has some accelerations $\mathbf{a_1} $ and $\mathbf{a_2} $, why is mathematically true that the "total" acceleration is $\mathbf{a}= \mathbf {a_1}+\mathbf {a_2}$?
-1
votes
1answer
43 views

How to calculate Acceleration

Assume you are moving 10 meters in 10 seconds northward. What is the acceleration?. Using this equation: $a = (v_f - v_o)/\Delta(t)$ and filling it in with this data: $v_f=1$ which comes from $10$ ...
1
vote
4answers
141 views

Gravity and acceleration

I've imagined this little scenario to help me conceptualize things. Let's say we have a doughnut-shaped object with a hole whose diameter is greater than that of a sphere. Let's say that the sphere ...
1
vote
2answers
242 views

How an accelerated object sees another accelerated body in special relativity?

Assume two objects are moving with a constant acceleration $a_1$ and $a_2$, which are the measured accelerations by respective object (or constant force being applied to each of the objects). My ...
0
votes
2answers
119 views

Newton's Second Law

Newton's Second Law tells us that $\sum F = ma$. The vector sum of the forces $F$ on an object is equal to the mass $m$ of that object multiplied by the acceleration vector $a$ of the object. So ...
3
votes
2answers
138 views

Speed cannot be greater than speed of light. How about acceleration? Does it have limit?

We know that $c$ is the largest speed in the universe. How about the acceleration, does it has limit?
1
vote
4answers
3k views

Why do objects fall at the same acceleration?

I read these two posts and now I am more confused. Do heavier objects fall faster? Don't heavier objects actually fall faster because they exert their own gravity? I was going to ask: if mass ...
-1
votes
1answer
67 views

Free fall question: Bill shoots his gun [closed]

Bill borrows his dad's gun and when he gets outside he fires it straight up into the air. If the bullet left the gun at 400 m/s: How long does it take the bullet to reach its highest point. I know ...
3
votes
4answers
2k views

Deriving $F = ma$ - Newton's Second Law of Motion

Context: In my textbook it is given: 'momentum' short for 'linear momentum': Mass = $m$, momentum is $p=mv$. In time $\Delta t$, momentum changes by $\Delta p$, the rate of change of momentum is: ...
3
votes
1answer
548 views

Two vehicles moving in a line with different accelerations

Let two similar vehicles starting at rest in a straight line (with a distance of $D$ between them) have time-varying accelerations in the same direction. If both of them have similar time varying ...
1
vote
0answers
80 views

Are there 'special' cases for when special relativity can be applied for accelerating bodies?

I have the following theoretical situation: A space station modeled as a ring in free space is rotating about its centre point at a high speed. I am trying to work out where time flows slower. From ...
-1
votes
1answer
70 views

Acceleration Power [closed]

Suppose we have a trolley currently at rest at point A, but the motor switches on, so that it accelerates and reaches point B, at point B, the velocity is 5m/s, Distance of A-B is 10m, mass of the ...
0
votes
1answer
98 views

Kinematics with non constant acceleration II [closed]

I'm getting crazy with this problem and I think that it's pretty simple. An helicopter's helix is spinning at initial speed $w_0=200\ rpm$, all of a sudden the motor stops and it decreases its ...
2
votes
2answers
139 views

Acceleration of chairlift [closed]

So I'm struggling with this question, and am wondering if anyone can give me the right direction to go. For the sake of not cheating, I've changed the figures etc. I just need help on the approach. I ...
0
votes
1answer
70 views

What is a realistic launch speed of a grappling hook gun? [closed]

In The Dark Knight, at the end of the movie Batman throws the Joker off of a building and then shoots his grapple hook gun to catch him. Is 68m/s a reasonable speed for a grapple gun to shoot?
0
votes
0answers
84 views

Calculating impact velocity and time with non-uniform acceleration [duplicate]

Here goes: imagine a spacecraft with engines shut off in a free fall towards some celestial body x. let's say the distance to surface is $100 000$ $\text{meters}$. initial vertical velocity is ...
-1
votes
1answer
251 views

Calculating pitch and roll with accelerations greater than +/- 1g

I'm looking to compute the pitch and roll of a device fitted with a three axis accelerometer when it is not at rest or moving at a constant velocity. Most applications I've seen so far are for ...
7
votes
8answers
519 views

How do we know that $F = ma$, not $F = k \cdot ma$

It seems intuitive that $a\; \propto \frac{F}{m}$, as the greater the force that is applied on an object, the greater its acceleration will be. Inversely, the greater the mass of the object, the ...
0
votes
1answer
764 views

Why is force dependent on acceleration, not velocity?

According to $F = ma$, force is a result of acceleration and mass, right? However, I don't understand why velocity is not used instead of acceleration. A train moving at 100 miles/hour will still ...
1
vote
2answers
93 views

Does an aircraft hover at a constant acceleration or varied acceleration?

I have a question that's bugging me. Googling it only made me more confused so I really hope someone can help me clear this. If a plane is flying up and down; or hovering (Like the x-wing scene from ...
0
votes
0answers
45 views

Rolling resistance

Today, my physics teacher asked the following question (and gave it as homework): How can a moving body deaccelerate both in means of center of mass and rotationally? I quickly answered that ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

Inhomogeneties in gravitational acceleration at the surface of the Earth.

I am looking for data sets which clock the time and precise location of free falling bodies in a vacuum. I have been told that the acceleration of gravity is not absolutely 100% uniform, and I would ...
2
votes
1answer
177 views

Can a human body supercavitate to survive water impact?

Inspired by this analysis of a human (OK, Captain America) hitting water feet first at terminal velocity, I'm wondering if supercavitation would be possible and whether it would improve your chances ...