The rate of change of velocity of a body per unit of time.

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1answer
652 views

Kinematics with non constant acceleration

A particle experiences an acceleration described by $$ a=kx^{-2} $$ where x is the displacement from the origin and k is an arbitrary constant. To what value does the velocity v of the particle ...
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2answers
529 views

Accelerating an elevator

A person is standing on a weighing scale in an elevator in upward acceleration. Let $N$ be normal reaction force exerted by the weighing scale to the person (upward). It is known that the person ...
2
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1answer
484 views

Difference between proper and comoving frames

I'm reading this book "Introduction to Quantum Fields in Classical Backgrounds" by Mukhanov & Winitzki, and there in the chapter 8 "The Unruh Effect" they introduce 3 reference frames. Laboratory ...
3
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2answers
106 views

Sign of acceleration

I'm developing an application using accelerometer sensor. I'm not good at physics so forgive me if the question is trivial. If I have 3 values of acceleration: $x$, $y$, $z$, I find acceleration ...
0
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2answers
2k views

What's the acceleration of pendulum when velocity is zero

For a pendulum which has a light string to hang a bob, I know that when the bob swing to the leftmost or rightmost end, the velocity of the bob is zero and the acceleration should be maximized. But if ...
2
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2answers
198 views

Understanding bending light beam perpendicular to motion

I'm just reading a book about gravity. An example it gives is a spaceship accelerating. A beam of light travelling at right angles to the direction of movement of the spaceship enters it via a small ...
0
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3answers
1k views

Force with zero acceleration [duplicate]

If I apply a force on a body which is kept against a wall, then the body will not move. The body is not moving means that its velocity is zero, and hence its acceleration is also zero. According to ...
1
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4answers
2k views

Deriving equations of motion using integration

Please refer to my school textbook pg48 (of the book, and not the pdf counter) here: http://ncertbooks.prashanthellina.com/class_11.Physics.PhysicsPartI/ch-3.pdf My doubt is in this context: (right ...
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1answer
2k views

Calculating the acceleration of a car

I'm trying to calculate the maximum acceleration a car can achieve with the current gear ratio. I am ignoring drag forces and friction to keep it simple. I'm doing this by: calculating the torque ...
0
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1answer
278 views

Kinematics question [closed]

An electric train accelerates uniformly from rest to a speed of 20m/s which it maintains until the brakes are applied. It is then brought to rest by a uniform retardation equal in magnitude to twice ...
1
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3answers
140 views

What limits the velocity of ships such as voyager 1?

Voyager 1 travels at a small fraction of light speed. I've read it's fueled by hydrazine, which is a cheap combustive. Questions: What factors limit the speed of voyager 1 and similar rockets? Are ...
2
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3answers
495 views

Getting position from an accelerometer on an Android phone

I know that integrating acceleration twice will give me position (acceleration-->velocity-->position) but how can I do all this when I all I have are a set of data points (ex: 1 second = some # ...
1
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2answers
703 views

Do you use the magnitude equation to get speed from an accelerometer?

A guy suggested to me that getting speed from an accelerometer required the use of this equation: $\text{speed} = \sqrt{x^2 + y^2 + z^2}$ This does not make any sense to me, all that you would get ...
2
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2answers
176 views

Where are we : On level ground or on a ramp - moving in a train?

Let's say we are traveling in a train. The path has two parts: one at ground-level and the other moving up on the ramp. The ramp has an inclination of $\arctan\frac{a}{g}$ with the horizontal, where ...
3
votes
6answers
786 views

Is acceleration $a = s/t^2$, or $a = 2s/t^2$, or something third?

I'm having trouble understanding some of the stuff regarding movement in my introductory physics class (I never thought I'd say that...) Acceleration is defined as $ a = \frac{s}{t^2}.$ Distance can ...
2
votes
2answers
125 views

Will we feel right up inside the airplane if the airplane accelerates toward earth at 20m/s^2?

Suppose you are in the airplane and the airplane falls toward the earth with acceleration of $20m/s^2$(double of gravitational acceleration $g$). This double acceleration by airplane will cancel the ...
2
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1answer
1k views

Calculate displacement in position from knowing constant acceleration

I have recently started studying physics at school, and my teacher went over the following equation without explaining about it too much: $$d~=~vt+\frac{1}{2}a t^2.$$ I have wondered, why would this ...
6
votes
1answer
720 views

Slinky base does not immediately fall due to gravity

Why does the base of this slinky not fall immediately to gravity. My guess is tension in the springs is a force > mass*gravity but even then it is dumbfounding.
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4answers
20k views

Finding the force of friction of a moving object and its change when it accelerates to a constant speed

I have been searching for a straight forward answer to this question for ages now and it is driving me crazy. Here is what I know: If an object is moving at a constant speed the force of friction ...
0
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2answers
8k views

Calculating force of impact

Since $\text{force = mass}\times\text{acceleration}$, is it right to say that an object traveling at a high constant velocity (zero acceleration), exerts zero force upon impact with a stationary ...
0
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2answers
2k views

How can I add an acceleration vector to a velocity with a different direction?

I am in my last year of high school and am struggling with some homework. I'm sorry if this question is incredibly stupid, but I simply can't find the answer in my notes. If I have an object with a ...
-1
votes
1answer
173 views

New to physics and need some help with understanding acceleration [closed]

The free fall acceleration of an object under earth's gravity is directed toward? When the same amount of force is applied to two different masses, the smaller mass will be accelerated ____ than the ...
3
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2answers
1k views

Fictitious forces confusion

I have a hard time understanding the subject of fictitious forces. Let's discuss a few examples: 1) I'm sitting inside a vehicle which is accelerating in a straight line. I feel like someone is ...
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1answer
769 views

Is antigravity the source of accelerating expansion (dark energy)?

Is antigravity the source of accelerating expansion(dark energy)? From the observation of 1998, we found that our universe has been continuing accelerating expansion, and the unknown cause for this ...
5
votes
1answer
191 views

Measuring acceleration of a bus using water between two sheets of glass

I was riding a bus one day and noticed that the double windows had some water between them. As the bus accelerated, the water collected to the sides, first forming a trapezoid and then a right ...
2
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2answers
4k views

Small car colliding with large truck

A small car collides with a large truck. Why do both vehicles experience the same magnitude of force? Wouldn't the large vehicle experience less force than the small one?
7
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3answers
771 views

In mechanics, is shock really better expressed as jerk instead of acceleration?

Some expensive electronics or mechanical devices are designed to be shock-resistant. However, the manufacturers often market the level of shock-resistance in units of g-force (I know g-force is really ...
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2answers
246 views
0
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2answers
175 views

How is space ship's acceleration perceived if the acceleration is perpendicular to the velocity?

Spacecraft in orbit around the Earth are constantly accelerated by the gravitational field of Earth. That's why the spacecraft ($m \ll M$) is in an (elliptical) orbit around the centre of gravity of ...
3
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5answers
3k views

If a space ship accelerated constantly, would its astronauts constantly feel the forward movement?

I know that if a space ship suddenly traveled very fast, its astronauts would be fly against the back wall, potentially getting hurt. If the space ship suddenly stopped, they would also fly against ...
1
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1answer
356 views

Gravity and free fall

In Wikipedia it's stated that "[..] gravity, is the natural phenomenon by which physical bodies appear to attract each other with a force proportional to their masses". Then I found many examples ...
0
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1answer
143 views

Vertical velocity to reach a certain point given a flat horizontal velocity? [closed]

Suppose I have two points such as $a(4,6,9)$ and $b(32,5,12)$. If I have a flat velocity pointing $a$ to $b (b - a)$ which has an arbitrarily defined magnitude. Given gravity $g$,how can I calculate ...
5
votes
4answers
980 views

How to brake 'beautifully'?

Sometimes when I'm driving my car, I play a "game" against myself in which I try to minimize the deceleration felt by passengers (including myself) while still braking in a reasonable short space. I ...
0
votes
0answers
99 views

Continuum mechanics and effects of stress

Going to word this question a bit more straightforward than I may have before. Also, I'm trying to use baby formulas so I can grasp exactly what's going on. Object A has an elasticity of ...
3
votes
1answer
5k views

What does it mean to find acceleration in terms of g?

I'm having trouble understanding what a problem I have is seeking. To simplify the problem: A particle reaches a speed of 1.6 m/s in a 5.0 micrometer launch. The speed is reduced to zero in 1.0 ...
2
votes
1answer
928 views

Why can we say there is no tangential acceleration in this specific problem?

I'm looking at a problem involving a simplified rollercoaster with only 3 cars (connected with weightless rods) for which the friction and distance from the carts to the rails can be ignored. The part ...
0
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1answer
100 views

Gravity question [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Don’t heavier objects actually fall faster because they exert their own gravity? When true: The force pulling the "heavy" object down is greater BUT it also takes more ...
4
votes
4answers
459 views

Gravity from a singularity as distance approaches zero

If you had a singularity (that had mass but took up no space), what would happen to the acceleration of an object as it approached this singularity? I would assume that it would be infinite, since as ...
0
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1answer
173 views

If there was no Earth, what would be the acceleration of gravity from here from the Sun?

Suppose there were no Earth to pull us back and we're hanging in the solar system. Assuming no other force of gravity from other bodies, what would be the $g$ from the Sun?
0
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1answer
314 views

Basic classical mechanics question

A and B are in a lift. The mass of the lift is 250kg. As it moves upward, the floor of the lift exerts a force of 678N and 452N on A and B, respectively. The tension in the cable of the lift is 3955N. ...
0
votes
1answer
232 views

exercise concerning the inclined plane

I have an exercise to ask yourself. A ball of mass m = 5 g starts at rest and travels 50 cm along a ramp inclined at 45 ° to the horizontal. a) If we imagine frictionless motion of the ball along the ...
2
votes
1answer
237 views

Swords, impacts and elasticity for a noob

So I'm a game developer and I'm trying to understand some (extremely) basic facts of impact mechanics. I had read something entitled Dynamics of Hand-Held Impact Weapons, but it was a bit too ...
5
votes
4answers
1k views

Why do we weigh less when falling?

I don't want to go to science world to find out because it would be a long round-trip. I understand that acceleration/deceleration would effect the weight and I can also imagine that someone at ...
0
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1answer
3k views

What is negative angular acceleration?

I was doing an exercise in physics and I noted that the angular acceleration was negative. What does that mean?
6
votes
8answers
2k views

Can you completely explain acceleration to me?

I understand what acceleration is, and I know the formula, and I understand it's a vector. I just don't understand how the equation works exactly. I'm kind of picky, I know, but bear with me. ...
3
votes
3answers
310 views

Why geometrically four acceleration is a curvature vector of a world line? And what is proper acceleration?

Why geometrically four acceleration is a curvature vector of a world line? Geometrically, four-acceleration is a curvature vector of a world line. Therefore, the magnitude of the ...
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2answers
207 views

Is it true that under water human body can sustain higher levels of acceleration?

In several sci-fy novels, I've read about humans being submerged in water (or water like substance) to allow for a higher acceleration. Now, I'm really curious. Is this true? Can you accelerate faster ...
10
votes
4answers
4k views

Acceleration of two falling objects with identical form and air drag but different masses

I have a theoretical question that has been bugging me and my peers for weeks now - and we have yet to settle on a concrete answer. Imagine two balloons, one is filled with air, one with concrete. ...
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2answers
108 views

super-jump air balloon [closed]

We have the following objects: a 80 kg person a rope of negligible weight a balloon filled with helium, which can lift for around the same weight, 80kg. My question is, which of the following ...
0
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3answers
217 views

Why is $F = mg - T$ in this case?

The situation is as follows: I am told that $F_{net} = mg - T$ in this case, but doesn't that not take into account that $T$ isn't applied to the center of mass? Newton's second law is defined for ...