The rate of change of velocity of a body per unit of time.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

0
votes
1answer
19 views

Physics of Auto Crashes and Airbag Modules

I recently saw a post (that was pretty old) asking why we don't consider the jerk function more often in sciences that deal with impacts or sudden accelerations. The general belief was that impacts, ...
1
vote
2answers
42 views

Dynamics of swinging

My husband built a 20'-high tree swing, using 3/16"-welded-link chains to suspend it approximately 2' off of the ground. To our disappointment, pumping barely gets the swing going, with little height ...
4
votes
2answers
77 views

The two causes for the factor 2 in Coriolis effect

While reading this document on Coriolis effect http://empslocal.ex.ac.uk/people/staff/gv219/classics.d/Persson98.pdf, I saw the followig sentence Two kinematic effects each contribute half of the ...
2
votes
1answer
50 views

Contraction of a rotating system

Consider a system of two masses that rotates with constant angular velocity. When a force contracts the system the velocitie of the two masses increase. I understand this in terms of conservation of ...
-3
votes
1answer
36 views

How do you know when to use kinematic equations as apposed to $v = d/t$ and $a = v/t$? [closed]

How do I know when to use v = d/t and a = v/t or d=vi+​1/2​​at^2 and vf = vi + at?​
1
vote
4answers
82 views

Question related to accleration due to gravity [closed]

What effect will be seen on the value of accleration due to gravity if radius of the earth is decreased keeping the mass constant?
0
votes
2answers
43 views

Acceleration due to conservation of angular momentum in absence of a force

I don't understand why the conservation of angular momentum can imply an acceleration, in absence of a force. Consider for istance planetary motion. The angular momentum $\vec{L}$ of the planets is ...
0
votes
5answers
189 views

Why do heavier objects fall faster on hills but not in straight drops?

All other things being equal, if a heavier object will roll at a higher speed down hill than a lighter one, because it's heavier with more mass, then how is it that dropped objects fall at the same ...
0
votes
2answers
44 views

Position, velocity and acceleration vs time graphs

I'd like to draw graphs of a vehicle and I have a position vs time table. I can set the points but how am I supposed to join them, straight or hyperbole ? If the object is accelerating which is yes ...
0
votes
2answers
62 views

Which formulas can be used instead of $\frac{1}{2}kx^2=\frac{1}{2}mv^2$, when we are solving a mathematical problem related to horizontal spring? [closed]

Let, contraction of a horizontal spring, $x$, is $4$ cm and mass of a bullet, $m$, is $10 g$. Spring constant, $k$, is $200 N/m$. When bullet leaves the gun, what will be the velocity of it? Can I ...
8
votes
1answer
144 views

Acceleration of particle “held in place” at $x = 1$ [closed]

The metric components in a two-dimensional spacetime are given in terms of the coordinates $(t, x)$ by$$ds^2 = -\cosh x\,dt^2 + dx^2.$$Consider a particle that is "held in position" at $x = 1$. What ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

Centripetal acceleration in polar coordinates

$ \left( \ddot r - r\dot\varphi^2 \right) \hat{\mathbf r} + \left( r\ddot\varphi + 2\dot r \dot\varphi \right) \hat{\boldsymbol{\varphi}} \ $ I'm not convinced about the term $- r\dot\varphi^2 ...
0
votes
0answers
71 views

Calculating travel time based on distance, velocities, acceleration, and jerk

Not much physics background so please bare with me. Say we have an object traveling on a straight line going from x to y. We know the starting velocity at x, the velocity when y is reached, the max ...
0
votes
2answers
75 views

Why does force cause acceleration?

Consider a ball placed on a smooth plane. If you take a plank made out of wood and whack it (apply a force on it), does it accelerate because First, the force compresses the part of the ball in ...
1
vote
2answers
41 views

Infinitesimal time intervals use

I've a question, that maybe will sound obvious, on the use of infinitesimal quantities. Consider the expression for the acceleration in non inertial frames. ...
0
votes
3answers
53 views

Physical interpretation of Coriolis terms in acceleration

Consider a reference frame which is rotating (for example on a carousel) and a steady inertial frame, with the same origin. $\vec{r}=\vec{r'}$ $\vec{v}=\vec{v'}+\vec{\Omega}\times\vec{r'}$ ...
-2
votes
1answer
67 views

“Spacetime tells matter how to move; matter tells spacetime how to curve” and acceleration in flat space-time? [closed]

John Wheeler stated "Spacetime tells matter how to move; matter tells spacetime how to curve." Does this contradict with the assumption that mass can be accelerated in flat space-time (see i.e. this ...
1
vote
3answers
45 views

Why the similarity in the Equations of Motion for Rotational and Rectilinear Motion?

These are the equations of motion given constant acceleration, for first rectilinear and then rotational motion. Rectilinear Motion: Rotational Motion: While the variables have changed, and the ...
0
votes
0answers
50 views

What kind of unit is $m^2s^{-4}$ in terms of gyro/accel?

Background While working on something in the field of avionics, I have discovered the following unit as part of an inertial-physics equation... $$m^2s^{-4}$$ I am trying to figure out the formal ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

How to compensate a top-heavy platform [closed]

I have a small four-wheeled platform weighing 1.3kg with a height of 30cm. Its center-of-mass is located at 75% of the height, making it a little top-heavy. I empirically measured the angle at which ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

Explanation of a Mechanical Situation [closed]

The box sitting on the table top has some mass $m$ (I would refer to the weight of the box just as $\mathbf{W}$), and its net acceleration which I call $\mathbf{a}$ is zero, for the time being. This ...
0
votes
1answer
66 views

Calculate constant acceleration needed to reach terminal velocity at specific time [closed]

I'm trying to find a way to calculate a constant acceleration given the following: One dimensional motion. The only forces involved are the force ($F_a$) caused by a constant acceleration ($a_c$) ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

Kinematics - Non constant acceleration [closed]

A biker traveling the road is 100 km away from his destination, at t=0 (initial time). His speed, at the start point, is 100km/hour, and varies equalys to his distance from the final destination, ...
7
votes
5answers
243 views

Rapid (ac/de)celeration in relativity does what to inertial clocks?

EDIT (to clarify my question): I think some of the answers here are accounting for light travel time and telling me what I'd actually see on Earth's clock, so I've edited my first paragraph to ...
2
votes
1answer
42 views

How to get speed of a train without using GPS

How can I measure instantaneous speed of a train in which I am travelling without using GPS/location services? The train can start underground or can start from ground level (where GPS is available) ...
2
votes
2answers
64 views

Why was it difficult to walk in the same direction the train's acceleration, and easier the other way around?

The other day while I was walking in the same direction that the train was accelerating. Then I came across this question. Please if would answer it, I am very curious to know. But when I walked the ...
1
vote
3answers
54 views

Charge moved across a potential difference; where does the energy for emitted radiation come from?

Let's use an electron and a 1V potential difference as a mode. In school I learned that if the electron is at the negative end of the electric field, its potential energy is equal to the work that ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

What is the equation for the position of a falling body as a function of time? [duplicate]

I know that near the surface of the earth a projectile's position follows a parabolic curve in function of time because the acceleration is constant (about 9.8 m/s2). However, acceleration ...
1
vote
2answers
47 views

Simple harmonic motion..direction of acceleration

To solve questions about simple harmonic motion, my book says $\ddot{x}$ (i.e. acceleration) is in the direction of increasing $x$, i.e. away from equilibrium. I don't understand why is this so, since ...
1
vote
1answer
22 views

Distance formula using initial velocity and acceleration

we know $S=ut+1/2at^2$. Now lets say my initial velocity $u=10m/s$ and acceleration be $a=5m/s^2$. In first second distance traveled $S^{_t=1}=10m$ as my speed is $10m/s$ and time is $1s$. In next ...
1
vote
2answers
100 views

Forces on wheels in an accelerating vehicle

Assume that a motorcycle of mass $m$ has two wheels that are equidistant from its centre i.e the force on each wheel is $mg/2$. If the motorcycle accelerates forward, will the two forces on each ...
0
votes
2answers
45 views

Regarding Basic laws of motion

When a constant force is applied on body which is free to slide on a surface, does it move with a constant velocity after some time or does the velocity keep on increasing? Please explain it for both ...
1
vote
2answers
27 views

Practical limit of equivalence principle

The equivalence principle says, for a small elevator, it is not possible to distinguish between a closed elevator moving at a constant acceleration, and the same amount of gravitational acceleration ...
5
votes
2answers
205 views

How does light change directions? [duplicate]

To the best of my knowledge, light will always travel at the speed of light. How then does it get reflected and change directions? Wouldn't it have to decelerate, come to a stop, and then accelerate ...
1
vote
0answers
16 views

Acceleration Absolute from all Non-Accelerating Frame of references

Is Acceleration Absolute from all Non-Accelerating Frame of references? Though experiment: Imagine cars on a two-way highway travelling at different velocities. A motorbike is accelerating at A'. From ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

Analogy Between Momentum and Faraday's Law of Induction

What is the reason behind momentum, during acceleration? Mass resist velocity change during acceleration similar to Coiled wire resisting Current amount change. The similarity is worth looking at. ...
0
votes
2answers
44 views

An object is accelerating on a rough surface with frictional force of 10N. Is the friction doing any work on the object?

This question might look stupid to some but I am in great confusion. An object, say a box, is moving on a surface with some velocity v and is accelerating. It means that the force applied by the box ...
1
vote
4answers
96 views

When is tension positive?

A 5kg mass is hanging from the roof of an elevator accelerating downward at a speed of 1.65 m/s^2 what is the tension of the string (ignore friction, string mass, and air resistance) ? I used this ...
0
votes
2answers
58 views

One dimensional motion - Why does a ball fall back in my hands when I throw it up in a moving bus? [duplicate]

Suppose you are moving in a bus and you throw a ball upwards. Why does it always land in your hand and does not fall behind you? The bus is moving with a uniform velocity in a straight direction. Now ...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

Does light accelerate as it nears a black hole? [duplicate]

As light is affected by gravity ( gravitational lending and black holes), it would seem that gravity causes acceleration. Acceleration has two parts: direction and magnitude. It is clearly evident ...
0
votes
3answers
70 views

Calculate acceleration based on differential pressures

In my example, water is in a tube and is being accelerated by a compressed air. I already know that $P = \frac{F}{A}$ so if you know the pressure and you know the surface area its acting on, you can ...
1
vote
1answer
286 views

What is the difference between gravitational force and gravitational field?

I see two different formulas describing gravity: $$F=\frac{GMm}{r^{2}}$$ $$g=\frac{F}{m}$$ But I don't understand the difference between gravity as a force and its field as a vector.
6
votes
5answers
310 views

How does constant thrust avoid quadratic kinetic energy accumulation?

I haven't found the right search terms for this question, so if it has been answered, references would be welcome. Suppose we start from experimental station in deep space (interstellar space if need ...
2
votes
4answers
70 views

Why do heavier objects provide more reaction force?

According to Newton's third law, to each action there is an equal and opposite reaction, which means that no matter how heavy is the object, if I give it X amount of force, it will give that force ...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

Simple harmonic motion in a horizontally accelerating lift [duplicate]

How would the time period of a pendulum in a lift be if the lift was accelerating horizontally to the right ? My teacher did it by putting a pseudo force "ma" to the left, then getting the resultant ...
-1
votes
1answer
66 views

How does Newton's third law work

This law states that to each action there is an opposite and equal reaction. and I understand that this is the law that Rocket thrusters are built on. they use the combustion of fuel to push out hot ...
-1
votes
1answer
57 views

Displacement on a turn with constant speed with a pitfall

A car is driving North-West on a highway. It has a speed of $20 $ m/s with the cruise control on. Ten seconds later, the car is heading North-East (still going $20 $ m/s). Determine the ...
1
vote
4answers
89 views

Gravity and force

I have a question and am not able to answer it. Suppose you drop two objects from different heights. They are exactly the same shape, size and weight. Now we know that the gravitational acceleration ...
1
vote
2answers
82 views

Tension of a string rotating a ball in a circular motion?

A ball of mass 5kg is attached to a string of length 120 cm and rotating vertically at a speed of 10 cm/s. what is the tension of the string when the ball is farthest to the right from the ...
0
votes
2answers
66 views

The relation between acceleration and inertial force

Acceleration causes inertial force, and it is not relative, but why? What is the reason for feeling inertial force by acceleration?