The rate of change of velocity of a body per unit of time.

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Why is force described as rate of change of momentum? [closed]

momentum = mass * velocity Differentiating both sides leads to force = mass * acceleration since the mass doesn't participate in the differentiation as it is constant. Is this a sound ...
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3answers
7k views

Why does a parachute decrease terminal velocity?

Terminal Velocity depends on two things- surface area and speed. These are inversely proportionate. If both these variables affect terminal velocity, why do parachutes slow you down? Initially you ...
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3answers
1k views

Infinite acceleration?

Why is acceleration regulated by mass? In a frictionless environment, why doesn't an object move at infinite acceleration if force is applied on it? Force causes movement, so unless there is an ...
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2answers
352 views

Accelerating elevator?

If your in an elevator accelerating downwards faster than gravity, would you be pushed up to the ceiling? Since gravity cannot match the acceleration of the elevator, you're wouldn't be able to move ...
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1answer
221 views

A practical deceleration question

My friend is a U.S. Army paratrooper. Today, through an unfortunate series of events, he was jerked out of a C-17 traveling at 160 knots by his reserve parachute. First-hand accounts describe it as he ...
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2answers
932 views

Does acceleration at an angle to velocity change the direction?

During an interval of time, a tennis ball is moved so that the angle between the velocity and the acceleration of the ball is kept at a constant 120º. Which statement is true about the tennis ball ...
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4answers
197 views

Why is the time taken for something to fall proprtional to acceleration due to gravity?

This is a continuation of this question. I saw in a piece of writing (that I no longer seem to be able to aquire) on dimensional analysis that: $$t \propto h^\frac{1}{2} g^\frac{-1}{2}.$$ How can ...
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2answers
957 views

At what point does a projectile leave a slingshot?

Assuming a frictionless / "perfect" environment, and given a ball held in an elastic sling (like a hand-held catapult) where the pocket is lighter than the projectile itself, what is the point at ...
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1answer
207 views

Deceleration of Vehicle off pavement

How would I calculate the deceleration of a vehicle (ATV), wheels locked, on dirt? How long would it take to halt? How fast is it decelerating? I used this calculator, but it seems incorrect for a ...
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5answers
2k views

Is acceleration relative?

A while back in my Dynamics & Relativity lectures my lecturer mentioned that an object need not be accelerating relative to anything - he said it makes sense for an object to just be accelerating. ...
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1answer
1k views

How to find acceleration given position and velocity? [closed]

Sorry for this very simple question but I am still very new to the laws of motion. I am dealing with 2-dimensional vectors in my programming environment and I'm following these slides to learn about ...
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1answer
3k views

Can we determine the force an object exerts by its mass and acceleration?

I understand that the objects acceleration is determined by the force exerted on it, and that the force exerted on it is determined by its acceleration. But, does an object's (named A) acceleration ...
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3answers
443 views

Whether $m$ in $E=mc^{2}$ and $F=ma$ are both relativistic mass?

I know that $m$ in $E=mc^{2}$ is the relativistic mass, but can $m$ in $F=ma$ can also be relativistic? If the answer is yes, then can you tell me whether this equation is valid $E=\frac{F}{a}c^{2}$? ...
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4answers
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Example in the book: A simple accelerometer

A simple accelerometer You tape one end of a piece of string to the ceiling light of your car and hang a key with mass m to the other end (Figure 5.7). A protractor taped to the light allows you ...
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2answers
340 views

Potential energy conservation in traversable wormholes

Let's say I have a tube, of large radius (about 5 - 7 meters in diameter), with traversable wormholes at the ends. The wormholes are arranged as such that if something falls inside one hole from ...
2
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1answer
328 views

Thought experiment about acceleration

Case 1: two people wake up in spaceships accelerating at 1g. They can measure or observe anything inside the room but not outside. They couldn't determine if they were on a spaceship or on earth. ...
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2answers
3k views

Relativistic centripetal force

The thought randomly occurred to me that a circular particle accelerator would have to exert a lot of force in order to maintain the curvature of the trajectory. Many accelerators move particles at ...
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2answers
87 views

Acceleration: Value Disparity?

If we consider a ball moving at an acceleration of $5ms^{-2}$, over a time of 4 seconds, the distance covered by the ball in the first second is $5m$. In the 2nd second will $5 + 5 = 10m$. In the ...
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3answers
2k views

What is the velocity area method for estimating the flow of water?

Can anyone explain to me what the Velocity Area method for measuring river or water flow is? My guess is that the product of the cross sectional area and the velocity of water flowing in a pipe is ...
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6answers
4k views

Do photons have acceleration?

Photons travel at the fastest speed in our universe, the speed of light. Do photons have acceleration?
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3answers
1k views

Does a moving escalator make it easier to walk up the steps?

I was discussing with my colleagues why it feels easier to walk up an escalator when it is moving. My natural assumption was that the movement of the escalator imparts some extra acceleration on the ...
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2answers
4k views

What is the force exerted on a body that doesn't move?

If I push against a brick wall I'm exerting a force against the brick wall the the brick wall will exert the same force against me. These will cancel each other out and neither myself or the wall will ...
3
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1answer
132 views

Why is cosmological acceleration expressed in terms of an energy density?

In the articles that I have (tried to) read, acceleration ends up being expressed as a dimensionless constant (omega-lambda) or else occasionally in terms of a "dark" energy density. Presumably one ...
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1answer
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Do all planets rotate around the sun with the same acceleration?

I have this question in mind. suppose if by any chance, all planet around sun stopped rotating. then as per formula F= M * A. all planet should fall with same acceleration towards sun and ultimately ...
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5answers
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Why doesn't an electron accelerate in a circuit?

Why don't electrons accelerate when a voltage is applied between two points in in a circuit? All the textbooks I've referred conveyed the meaning that when an electron traveled from negative potential ...
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2answers
2k views

How much effect does the mass of a bicycle tire have on acceleration?

There are claims often made that, eg, "An ounce of weight at the rims is like adding 7 ounces of frame weight." This is "common knowledge", but a few of us are skeptical, and our crude attempts at ...
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3answers
1k views

Who is right? Force exerted on a body. Me or my friend?

Three masses $m_1 = 3\text{ kg}$, $m_2 = 9\text{ kg}$ and $m_3 = 6\text{ kg}$ hang from three identical springs in a motionless elevator. The elevator is moving downward with a velocity of $v = ...
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2answers
373 views

Using acceleration to plot position

Sorry if this question is dumb, and I know is physics 101, but I'm not that good with physics. I'm writing an iPhone program that by collecting the acceleration data of the device tries to replicate ...
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2answers
508 views

How to calculate total distance and time a puck will move?

To simulate a puck's movement, I use the following model (please restrain from discussing the model, it makes the simulation look the way I want it to) and would like to know how to calculate the ...
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2answers
167 views

If a puck on ice deccelarates, is its speed “v = v0 - t * a” or is it “v = v0 -k * v0”?

I've been wondering about a puck sliding on ice or a puck in an air hockey table game. If a puck is hit and we start watching it as soon as it has reached its maximum speed and starts becoming slower, ...
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0answers
289 views

How to model an accelerometer measurements on a car wheel?

I am working on kinematically modelling an accelerometer on a car wheel. When working on the initial conditions, I am confused whether or not I should use the gravitational acceleration since there ...
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2answers
255 views

Is it possible to calculate specific velocities from acceleration?

I'm trying to understand a sample problem from a current (published 2011) high school physics textbook, but I really think the question is flawed. The task is to convert an acceleration-time graph ...
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2answers
1k views

Calculating the gravitational acceleration inside of a planet

Plant X has a radius of 5000 km and is composed of two layers. The first inner layer ranges from the centre to 2000 km from centre, it's density is 8 kg / dm^3. The second layer ranges from 2000 ...
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1answer
195 views

Red shift and time distortion

Superman throws a light emitting object away from himself fast enough to notice a red-shift. The object passes through a region in which time runs more slowly. From Superman's perspective, does the ...
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1answer
163 views

Find the acceleration based on V² x d graph

How could I find the acceleration of a body knowing only that its position and velocity satisfy $v^2 = f(x)$, where $f(x)$ is a known function of $x$ (position)?
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1answer
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Force on rope with accelerating mass on pulley

I have a pretty basic pulley problem where I lack the right start. A child sits on a seat which is held by a rope going to a cable roll (attached to a tree) and back into the kid's hands. When it ...
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1answer
340 views

Accelerometer Orientation Conversion

Got two accelerometers that are measuring accelerations oriented at +/- 45 deg from horizontal. I am looking to determine the conversion of the accelerometer measured data to accelerations in the ...
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2answers
2k views

Classical car collision

I have a very confusing discussion with a friend of mine. 2 cars ($car_a$ and $car_b$) of the same mass $m$ are on a collision course. Both cars travel at $50_\frac{km}{h}$ towards each other. They ...
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3answers
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Convert acceleration as a function of position to acceleration as a function of time?

Suppose I have acceleration defined as a function of position, $a(x)$. How to convert it into a function of time $a(t)$? Please give an example for the case $a(x)= \frac{x}{s^2}$.
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5answers
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How to get distance when acceleration is not constant?

I have a background in calculus but don't really know anything about physics. Forgive me if this is a really basic question. The equation for distance of an accelerating object with constant ...
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2answers
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Not sure of a homework solution involving average acceleration

A 50.0 g Super Ball traveling at 25.0 m/s bounces off a brick wall and rebounds at 22.0 m/s. A high-speed camera records this event. If the ball is in contact with the wall for 3.50 ms, what is the ...
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2answers
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Formula for getting energy required to accelerate to a certain speed?

I am curious how many newtons it takes to accelerate an object with a given coefficient of drag, reference area, weight, and air pressure? I know this may sound like a simple equation but I have no ...
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1answer
310 views

calculating of g force in fun ride

we vistited yesterday a fun park and saw a ride which was a big centrifuge only in vertical. this one had a speed meter but it was broken and i also wanted to know how much g-force is on there... so ...
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1answer
147 views

calculating ballast needed to offset wobble of a 1g unbalanced centerfuge spinning at 20000G's

So this seemed pretty straight forward at first, but then I wasnt too sure about gravity forces... So. centerfuge 2 samples 1 sample is 1gram heavier than the other centerfuge at top speed is ...
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2answers
2k views

Should acceleration be included in state vector of a Kalman filter?

I'm developing (actually adopting existing solution) a Kalman filter to model motion of a vehicle (UAV or automobile). The state vector will include position, velocity, and, possibly, acceleration. ...
9
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3answers
615 views

How do we explain accelerated motion in Newtonian physics and in modern physics?

Maybe my question will seem stupid, but I am not a physicist so I have some problems understanding a classic Newtonian experiment: in the bucket experiment, why does he have to introduce the absolute ...
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2answers
470 views

What method should I use to solve for the final acceleration of a projectile being launched from the earth's surface?

What method should I use to solve for the final acceleration of a projectile being launched from the earth's surface? The question I am working on is: A projectile is launched vertically from ...
3
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6answers
6k views

Ion Drive Propulsion Top Speed

I would like to know if there is some formula / graph which would provide / show the efficiency of a certain type of propeller in space. Specifically, I'm interested in the acceleration attainable at ...
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3answers
10k views

Find radius of curvature, given a velocity vector and acceleration magnitude?

The particle P moves along a space curve. At one instant it has velocity $v = (4i-2j-k)$ $m/s$. The magnitude of the acceleration is 8 $m/s^2$. The angle between the acceleration and the velocity ...
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5answers
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Why do two bodies of different masses fall at the same rate (in the absence of air resistance)?

I'm far from being a physics expert and figured this would be a good place to ask a beginner question that has been confusing me for some time. According to Galileo, two bodies of different masses, ...