The rate of change of velocity of a body per unit of time.

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2answers
167 views

If a puck on ice deccelarates, is its speed “v = v0 - t * a” or is it “v = v0 -k * v0”?

I've been wondering about a puck sliding on ice or a puck in an air hockey table game. If a puck is hit and we start watching it as soon as it has reached its maximum speed and starts becoming slower, ...
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0answers
279 views

How to model an accelerometer measurements on a car wheel?

I am working on kinematically modelling an accelerometer on a car wheel. When working on the initial conditions, I am confused whether or not I should use the gravitational acceleration since there ...
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2answers
249 views

Is it possible to calculate specific velocities from acceleration?

I'm trying to understand a sample problem from a current (published 2011) high school physics textbook, but I really think the question is flawed. The task is to convert an acceleration-time graph ...
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2answers
1k views

Calculating the gravitational acceleration inside of a planet

Plant X has a radius of 5000 km and is composed of two layers. The first inner layer ranges from the centre to 2000 km from centre, it's density is 8 kg / dm^3. The second layer ranges from 2000 ...
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1answer
190 views

Red shift and time distortion

Superman throws a light emitting object away from himself fast enough to notice a red-shift. The object passes through a region in which time runs more slowly. From Superman's perspective, does the ...
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1answer
163 views

Find the acceleration based on V² x d graph

How could I find the acceleration of a body knowing only that its position and velocity satisfy $v^2 = f(x)$, where $f(x)$ is a known function of $x$ (position)?
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1answer
2k views

Force on rope with accelerating mass on pulley

I have a pretty basic pulley problem where I lack the right start. A child sits on a seat which is held by a rope going to a cable roll (attached to a tree) and back into the kid's hands. When it ...
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1answer
334 views

Accelerometer Orientation Conversion

Got two accelerometers that are measuring accelerations oriented at +/- 45 deg from horizontal. I am looking to determine the conversion of the accelerometer measured data to accelerations in the ...
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2answers
2k views

Classical car collision

I have a very confusing discussion with a friend of mine. 2 cars ($car_a$ and $car_b$) of the same mass $m$ are on a collision course. Both cars travel at $50_\frac{km}{h}$ towards each other. They ...
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3answers
5k views

Convert acceleration as a function of position to acceleration as a function of time?

Suppose I have acceleration defined as a function of position, $a(x)$. How to convert it into a function of time $a(t)$? Please give an example for the case $a(x)= \frac{x}{s^2}$.
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5answers
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How to get distance when acceleration is not constant?

I have a background in calculus but don't really know anything about physics. Forgive me if this is a really basic question. The equation for distance of an accelerating object with constant ...
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2answers
7k views

Not sure of a homework solution involving average acceleration

A 50.0 g Super Ball traveling at 25.0 m/s bounces off a brick wall and rebounds at 22.0 m/s. A high-speed camera records this event. If the ball is in contact with the wall for 3.50 ms, what is the ...
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2answers
1k views

Formula for getting energy required to accelerate to a certain speed?

I am curious how many newtons it takes to accelerate an object with a given coefficient of drag, reference area, weight, and air pressure? I know this may sound like a simple equation but I have no ...
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1answer
301 views

calculating of g force in fun ride

we vistited yesterday a fun park and saw a ride which was a big centrifuge only in vertical. this one had a speed meter but it was broken and i also wanted to know how much g-force is on there... so ...
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1answer
146 views

calculating ballast needed to offset wobble of a 1g unbalanced centerfuge spinning at 20000G's

So this seemed pretty straight forward at first, but then I wasnt too sure about gravity forces... So. centerfuge 2 samples 1 sample is 1gram heavier than the other centerfuge at top speed is ...
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2answers
1k views

Should acceleration be included in state vector of a Kalman filter?

I'm developing (actually adopting existing solution) a Kalman filter to model motion of a vehicle (UAV or automobile). The state vector will include position, velocity, and, possibly, acceleration. ...
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3answers
590 views

How do we explain accelerated motion in Newtonian physics and in modern physics?

Maybe my question will seem stupid, but I am not a physicist so I have some problems understanding a classic Newtonian experiment: in the bucket experiment, why does he have to introduce the absolute ...
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2answers
434 views

What method should I use to solve for the final acceleration of a projectile being launched from the earth's surface?

What method should I use to solve for the final acceleration of a projectile being launched from the earth's surface? The question I am working on is: A projectile is launched vertically from ...
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6answers
5k views

Ion Drive Propulsion Top Speed

I would like to know if there is some formula / graph which would provide / show the efficiency of a certain type of propeller in space. Specifically, I'm interested in the acceleration attainable at ...
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3answers
10k views

Find radius of curvature, given a velocity vector and acceleration magnitude?

The particle P moves along a space curve. At one instant it has velocity $v = (4i-2j-k)$ $m/s$. The magnitude of the acceleration is 8 $m/s^2$. The angle between the acceleration and the velocity ...
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5answers
11k views

Why do two bodies of different masses fall at the same rate (in the absence of air resistance)?

I'm far from being a physics expert and figured this would be a good place to ask a beginner question that has been confusing me for some time. According to Galileo, two bodies of different masses, ...
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2answers
425 views

In a 2D problem with a thrown object, why is the acceleration along the x-axis equal to 0?

I'm starting Physics, and I don't understand why the acceleration along the x-axis is zero for an object thrown near the surface of the Earth. This may be problem specific, but I wouldn't know since I ...
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2answers
2k views

Formulas for ball rolling in a bowl?

I'm developing a program where I've a ball/sphere rolling in a bowl from the side at top, till the center at bottom, and I'm trying to get the formulas for: The rotation angle and the position of ...
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3answers
4k views

Does an Increase of Force affect the Speed of an object if the acceleration stays constant?

If I had a mass of $100\:\rm{kg}$ accelerating due to gravity, using $F=ma$: $F = 100\:\rm{kg} \times 9.8\:\rm{m/s^2}$ $F = 980 \:\rm N$... If I increased the mass to 200kg, the force would be 1960 ...
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2answers
3k views

How to calculate fuel consumption of car (mpg) from speed and accleration knowing mass, drag coeff and rolling resistance?

How can I calculate the current (instantaneous) mpg of my car if I know the speed and acceleration of the car? From reading various answers for the "car going level or up/down hill" question asked ...
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3answers
325 views

Deccelerate and Accelerate to achieve timed journey

I have a vehicle traveling at initial speed $100\:\mathrm{m/s}$. Expected destination speed is also $100\:\mathrm{m/s}$. Maximum deceleration is $3$. Maximum acceleration is $10$. Distance to the ...
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4answers
354 views

Are smaller soap bubbles more accelerated by wind?

If you blow a bunch of soap bubbles outside, and a gust of wind hits them, will the bigger ones be more or less accelerated by the wind than the smaller ones? Intuitively, and maybe from remembered ...
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8answers
1k views

Reactionless Drives

According to the third law of motion, you van't have an mass move in a particular direction unless there is a proportional opposite mass/acceleration ratio in the opposite direction. No-one has been ...
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5answers
4k views

Acceleration in special relativity

I am currently studying the motion of relativistic charged particles in electromagnetic fields. More exactly, we first derived the equation of motion in the 4-vector formalism. I was a bit confused ...
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3answers
1k views

Gravitational pull vs. acceleration due to gravity

It might seem obvious but i can't imagine how is gravitational pull is different from acceleration due to gravity?
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4answers
10k views

Free falling of object with no air resistance [duplicate]

Why does an object with smaller mass hits the ground at same time compared to object with greater mass? I understand the acceleration due to gravity of earth will be same but won't the object with ...
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3answers
7k views

Stopping Distance (frictionless)

Assuming I have a body travelling in space at a rate of $1000~\text{m/s}$. Let's also assume my maximum deceleration speed is $10~\text{m/s}^2$. How can I calculate the minimum stopping distance of ...
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8answers
22k views

Don't heavier objects actually fall faster because they exert their own gravity?

The common understanding is that, setting air resistance aside, all objects dropped to Earth fall at the same rate. This is often demonstrated through the thought experiment of cutting a large object ...
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4answers
2k views

How does a lower center of gravity affect fuel economy?

It's been a couple years since I've taken a physics class, and I have been wondering about this basically since I bought my car: I drive a 2010 Honda Fit, which has a street weight of approximately ...
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1answer
895 views

How do I calculate the (apparent) gravitational pull with General Relativity?

Assume a static metric with (known) components $g_{\mu\nu}$. I'd like to know what is the gravitational pull $g$ of a test particle placed on an arbitrary point $X$. The gravitational pull being ...
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3answers
4k views

Velocity and acceleration question

1.The magnitude of the total force acting on a ball rolling without slipping down a ramp is greater than the magnitude of the total force acting on the same ball if it slides down the ramp ...
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1answer
715 views

acceleration of rings in aerotrim (human gyroscope)

I'm working on a graphic simulation (just for fun, for an open-source screensaver) of an Aerotrim - a "human gyroscope", one of those exercise/training machines with a human in the middle, perched on ...
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7answers
6k views

Would it help if you jump inside a free falling elevator?

Imagine you're trapped inside a free falling elevator. Would you decrease your impact impulse by jumping during the fall? When?
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1answer
2k views

Finding angular acceleration from torque

We have to analyze this video Givens: An applied net torque due to the wind on the windmill is equal to 1500 N*m. Each (of the 3) propeller props weighs approximately 45 Kg and has a Moment of ...
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4answers
2k views

Is acceleration an absolute quantity?

I would like to know if acceleration is an absolute quantity, and if so why?