1
vote
1answer
69 views

What is the difference between negative acceleration and decreasing acceleration?

According to Reisnick and Halliday, retardation is the acceleration in the negative direction of time axis ie. opposite to the motion. Decreasing accleretion is the decrease in the magnitude of time ...
1
vote
3answers
32 views

Is there a difference between “average acceleration” and centripetal acceleration?

Question adapted from Examkrackers MCAT prep book: A particle moves along a half circle (diameter=$10\text{ m}$) at a constant speed of $1\text{ m/s}$. What is the average acceleration of the ...
1
vote
3answers
145 views

Calculate vertical distance using acceleration

I have the following scenario: an iPhone is connected to a vertical rail (it's motion is restricted to the Y axis). Through mechanical means the phone is forced upwards and then allowed to return to ...
9
votes
5answers
325 views

What is the best path for a given initial and final state?

I am trying to calculate an efficient acceleration curve given starting and final positions and velocities. I'm assuming no friction, and that the acceleration can be applied in any direction at any ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

How to calculate the equation of projectile motion for curved ramps? [duplicate]

Consider the following cases (these are sections): I can find the equation of motion for Case a however I don't know how to deal with Case d. Normally I would need the angle α otherwise I can't ...
0
votes
2answers
42 views

Finding out the velocity [closed]

Displacement of an object is related to time $x=at+bt^2-ct^3$ where a, b and c are constant motion.Then the velocity of an object when it's acceleration is zero is given by ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

Geometric Interpretation of these equations of motion?

I was reading my Engineering Mechanics book, and it derived some strange looking integrals I'll have to apply. I could memorize them, but I'd rather understand them - then I won't have to memorize. ...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

Travel time for accelerating object [closed]

I have an object which starts at velocity = 0. Accelerates to a known max speed and continues thereon at constant velocity (max speed). My problem: How long does it take to reach a known ...
2
votes
1answer
48 views

How to get time from equation of linear uniformly accelerated motion?

I have had a problem solving this equation for time (from Linear Uniformly Accelerated Motion (LUAM)): $$ s= v_0t + \tfrac{1}{2}at^2 $$ I'll appreciate if someone could provide me some step-by-step ...
2
votes
3answers
65 views

How to calculate the velocity of this body? [closed]

Graph of a train (the body) is provided which starts from rest. What is the velocity after the train has 10 metres displacement? Thats the only things provided for the question, please help me ...
0
votes
1answer
41 views

Kinematics with non constant acceleration II [closed]

I'm getting crazy with this problem and I think that it's pretty simple. An helicopter's helix is spinning at initial speed $w_0=200\ rpm$, all of a sudden the motor stops and it decreases its ...
1
vote
3answers
77 views

Cart on Ramp with Varying Acceleration

For a lab that I have to do, the teacher has given me a data table of the displacement of a cart on a ramp after successive intervals of time. I have used this data to derive the velocities and ...
0
votes
2answers
57 views

Acceleration during collision with ground

For my physics class, I have to calculate an objects acceleration while it came to a stop. It was traveling at $6.26\: \mathrm{\frac{m}{s}}$ at impact, and travels a distance of $0.025\: \mathrm{m}$ ...
6
votes
6answers
801 views

If an object moved 5 meters in a second, how can its velocity be 10 m/s?

I am reading the tutorial on physics classroom.com, and am at Meaning of Slope for a v-t graph. It gives data for an object experiencing an acceleration: This is the corresponding chart for the ...
0
votes
2answers
77 views

Animating an Acceleration Vector - Acceleration of object on a crested path in gravitational field

So I was reading in Chapter 3 of my textbook, Sears & Zemanksky's University Physics with Modern Physics by Young and Freedman, 13th Edition, and the discussion took us to a definition of the ...
2
votes
4answers
2k views

What does the magnitude of the acceleration mean?

I am a little confused as to what the magnitude of acceleration is and what it means.
8
votes
2answers
802 views

Non-Constant Acceleration due to Gravity

Recently, I had the first physics lab for my university physics course. This lab was fairly simple, as we were merely using a computer and a distance sensor to graph the position, velocity, and ...
0
votes
2answers
102 views

How to find time, acceleration under this situation

I am trying to solve the following. An object of mass $m$ slides on a horizontal surface with initial velocity $v_0$. If the kinetic friction between the object and mass is given by $\mu$, find ...
8
votes
2answers
266 views

What is the physical meaning of $|f''(\xi )|\leq\frac{4(f(b)-f(a))}{(b-a)^{2}}$ where $f(t)$ is position as a function of time?

Here is the full problem: I was able to prove the given expression; but the interpretation part is giving me a bit of trouble. Here is my interpretation: The average acceleration in $(a,b)$, is ...
0
votes
2answers
54 views

How to get $t$ from $a(v)$?

I read what if we have acceleration given as a function of velocity we can calculate time as $$t(v) = t_0 + \int_{v_0}^{v} \frac{dv}{a(v)}.$$ Why?
0
votes
3answers
3k views

Calculate average acceleration without time? [closed]

I have a question about a flea jumping, for which I need to show that the average acceleration is around 1000 $ms^{-2}$. I know that to calculate average acceleration you can use $\frac{dv}{dt}$, ...
1
vote
1answer
128 views

If the velocity of particle $A$ exceeds that of $B$, is the acceleration of $A$ greater than $B$?

Two particles $A, B$ are travelling along parallel straight paths. At some point, the velocity of $A$ exceeds that of $B$. Does this necessarily mean that the acceleration of $A$ is greater than the ...
0
votes
3answers
1k views

Calculating acceleration function for given time, distance, initial velocity [closed]

An object has an initial velocity of v and should stop in d meters, in t seconds where v*t >= d. I can predict that this acceleration won't be constant but it is a function of time and this problem ...
0
votes
1answer
115 views

$d=\frac{1}{2}at^2$ not giving expected results

Say I have an object that starts falling from rest at 2 m/s2. Its total displacement and velocity at the end of every second should look something like this: ...
2
votes
1answer
80 views

Are there bounds or measurements on the derivative of acceleration (jerk)

The title says it all. Is there a physical maximum value to the 3rd derivative of position? Common Lore says that there is not and that jerk does not play any role in physics. My guess is that there ...
1
vote
4answers
802 views

When we take time derivative of a function of time, then is the result another function of time, again?

(I'll try to explain my question by one known example), for example where the velocity is a function of time v(t) then its time derivative (which is acceleration: $a=\frac {dv}{dt}$) is another ...
7
votes
4answers
671 views

Integrating radial free fall in Newtonian gravity

I thought this would be a simple question, but I'm having trouble figuring it out. Not a homework assignment btw. I am a physics student and am just genuinely interested in physics problems involving ...
8
votes
2answers
413 views

Is acceleration an average?

Background I'm new to physics and math. I stopped studying both of them in high-school, and I wish I hadn't. I'm pursuing study in both topics for personal interest. Today, I'm learning about ...
1
vote
2answers
403 views

Utilizing maximum acceleration $a$ for displacement $d$ with initial velocity $v_0$ and final velocity $v_1$

Problem My goal is to move an object from point a to b (displacement $d$) as fast as possible utilizing the maximum available acceleration $a_{max}$, taking into account the initial velocity $v_0$ ...
2
votes
1answer
655 views

Kinematics with non constant acceleration

A particle experiences an acceleration described by $$ a=kx^{-2} $$ where x is the displacement from the origin and k is an arbitrary constant. To what value does the velocity v of the particle ...
3
votes
2answers
106 views

Sign of acceleration

I'm developing an application using accelerometer sensor. I'm not good at physics so forgive me if the question is trivial. If I have 3 values of acceleration: $x$, $y$, $z$, I find acceleration ...
1
vote
4answers
2k views

Deriving equations of motion using integration

Please refer to my school textbook pg48 (of the book, and not the pdf counter) here: http://ncertbooks.prashanthellina.com/class_11.Physics.PhysicsPartI/ch-3.pdf My doubt is in this context: (right ...
0
votes
1answer
280 views

Kinematics question [closed]

An electric train accelerates uniformly from rest to a speed of 20m/s which it maintains until the brakes are applied. It is then brought to rest by a uniform retardation equal in magnitude to twice ...
2
votes
3answers
499 views

Getting position from an accelerometer on an Android phone

I know that integrating acceleration twice will give me position (acceleration-->velocity-->position) but how can I do all this when I all I have are a set of data points (ex: 1 second = some # ...
1
vote
2answers
719 views

Do you use the magnitude equation to get speed from an accelerometer?

A guy suggested to me that getting speed from an accelerometer required the use of this equation: $\text{speed} = \sqrt{x^2 + y^2 + z^2}$ This does not make any sense to me, all that you would get ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Calculate displacement in position from knowing constant acceleration

I have recently started studying physics at school, and my teacher went over the following equation without explaining about it too much: $$d~=~vt+\frac{1}{2}a t^2.$$ I have wondered, why would this ...
0
votes
2answers
2k views

How can I add an acceleration vector to a velocity with a different direction?

I am in my last year of high school and am struggling with some homework. I'm sorry if this question is incredibly stupid, but I simply can't find the answer in my notes. If I have an object with a ...
0
votes
2answers
249 views
5
votes
4answers
984 views

How to brake 'beautifully'?

Sometimes when I'm driving my car, I play a "game" against myself in which I try to minimize the deceleration felt by passengers (including myself) while still braking in a reasonable short space. I ...
0
votes
2answers
333 views

Negative sign of acceleration [closed]

This is the problem from our Physics textbook : A player throws a ball upwards with an initial speed of 29.4 m s–1. (a) Choose the x = 0 m and t = 0 s to be the location and time of the ball at ...
-2
votes
1answer
3k views

Calculate acceleration and time given initial speed, final speed, and travelling distance? [closed]

A motorcycle is known to accelerate from rest to 190km/h in 402m. Considering the rate of acceleration is constant, how should I go about calculating the acceleration rate and the time it took the ...
0
votes
3answers
2k views

Calculating car's acceleration from change in angle of hanging object?

The question essentially is based on a situation like this- A car has a small object hung from the cieling on a string (apparently at an angle of 0 degrees to the ceiling). The car is accelerating ...
0
votes
2answers
621 views

Center of gravity of vehicle and vehicle performance

I am interested to know how does CG of vehicle plays role in the Fuel economy and the vehicle performance. Does CG of vehicle has anything to do while accelerating of your vehicle. I am a student, ...
0
votes
1answer
3k views

Calculation of Distance from measured Acceleration vs Time

I have an Accelerometer connected to a device that feeds the instant values of the acceleration in the 3 directions. I've tried to calculate the distance for a vertical movement using these values ...
0
votes
1answer
84 views

Vehicle acceleration

What I'm essentially doing is Kalman Filter. If anyone is familiar with (but it doesn't really matter in this case). Consider the following formulas: $$x_k=x_{k-1}+v_{k-1}dt+a_{k-1}\frac{dt^2}{2}$$ ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

How can an object's instantaneous speed be zero and it's instantaneous acceleration be nonzero?

I'm studying for my upcoming physics course and ran across this concept - I'd love an explanation.
0
votes
0answers
105 views

Does human body parts like hand or leg move with uniform acceleration?

So is this true. I mean does a movement by hand or leg make uniform or constant acceleration?
0
votes
2answers
551 views

Time and distance where velocity is a function of time

I'm creating a video game set in space in which spaceships travelling between places accelerate until they hit a maximum velocity. They then travel at that velocity until a time when they need to ...
0
votes
3answers
607 views

Finding instantaneous speed in MPH given acceleration, RPM and gear ratio

I am still trying to figure out how to (semi) accurately model instantaneous speed after having found acceleration. I have found that at higher RPMs, the resultant acceleration will be lower. I was ...
2
votes
2answers
3k views

Finding acceleration for a car after finding torque

I am trying to calculate the acceleration of a vehicle after finding the torque $\tau$. Assuming my Horse Power is 130 and my RPM is 1000, I calculated torque as: $$\tau = \frac{130 \times ...