The rate of change of velocity of a body per unit of time.

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0answers
36 views

What really is force? [duplicate]

I know the second law of Newton says $F=ma$ which seems to me the most fundamental expression of the force. In other words, force cannot exist without a "forced" one. It is somehow a "secondary" being,...
8
votes
3answers
109 views

Can we make high acceleration safe to our bodies thanks to this gravity trick?

According to Wikipedia, a human body can resist g-force of about $5 g$. It can be a greater value in some circumstances, but even as low as $2 g$ would be unpleasant after several seconds. This means ...
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3answers
44 views

Why is the sign of the tangential component of acceleration negative in this problem? [closed]

Since the train is slowing down at a constant velocity, shouldn't the acceleration equal zero? Why is it negative in this case?
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1answer
34 views

Alpha Particle moving through a magnetic field [closed]

How would I find the acceleration of an alpha particle moving through a magnetic field given the force of the magnetic field, the charge, the initial velocity and the strength of the magnetic field.
-2
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0answers
42 views

Formula for altitude of an accelerating rocket [closed]

I'm trying to find a formula for a rocket's altitude including the change in the rockets mass due to fuel being consumed. The normal formula I would use would be $\mathrm{ (Thrust/Mass )} \cdot 9.81x^...
10
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2answers
214 views

Charged Accelerometer in Orbit

It is well known that an accelerometer (or any other object for that matter) in a gravitational orbit will register nearly zero acceleration. According to this answer, this is because the object is, ...
10
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4answers
180 views

Problems in the relation $a=v\frac{\mathrm{d}v}{\mathrm{d}x}$

We all know $a = \frac{\mathrm{d}v}{\mathrm{d}t}$. A little application of the chain rule leads to the relation $$a=v\frac{\mathrm{d}v}{\mathrm{d}x}$$ But the above equation shows that $a=0$ whenever $...
0
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1answer
86 views

How is the Dirac delta function used in classical mechanics? [closed]

If the contact force applied to a physical object (ex. empty bucket) is given by the Heaviside function: $$ F(t) = F_0~H(t)=\begin{cases} 0, t<0 \\ F_0, t \geq 0\\ \end{cases} $$ Then,...
0
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1answer
43 views

Equation confusion regarding finding acceleration [closed]

Physics newbie here, sorry if this is super basic... I am learning about kinematic equations and am having difficulty reconciling two of the equations. Let's say I begin driving and after 1 second ...
1
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2answers
71 views

What exactly is the relationship between gravity and acceleration?

I know that one of Einstein's key steps towards General Relativity was the realization that gravity and acceleration were related. I understand the free-falling elevator analogy, but the relationship ...
4
votes
1answer
279 views

Why do planets not radiate EM waves in their orbits?

Despite being overall near-netural, I would expect the individual electrons and proton to radiate long EM waves as we accelerate around the Sun or rotate around our poles. Is the acceleration so small ...
0
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1answer
43 views

g force when freefalling on different planet

My understanding is that g force is apparent weight/normal Earth weight, and is calculated by a+g/g where g=9.8. Now, apparent weight is the total force exerted on an object by its support, which is ...
0
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1answer
21 views

The Moon's Various Accelerations

On Wolfram Alpha, the Moon's acceleration is given to be $1.624\ m/s^2$. Isn't the moon gradually spiralling outwards, meaning, isn't its velocity decreasing? Did they just omit the negative sign? ...
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2answers
36 views

Is the magnitude and direction of gravity on an object the same as the objects vertical velocity?

I need to make a diagram for an entry level college physics class. I need to show the magnitude and direction of gravity on a flying object and also show the magnitude and direction of the objects ...
0
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1answer
62 views

Position / velocity / acceleration vs time graphs when falling towards a black hole

In Newtonian physics, as far as I understand it, for a small object falling towards a massive object, the graphs of position, speed and acceleration vs time look like this: (If the massive object ...
5
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2answers
164 views

Calculating Intensity/Strength of Vibration with 3DOF

I want to calculate the intensity/strength of vibration at a given location. I have measured the acceleration at this location, using an accelerometer. So my measures look for example like: ...
0
votes
3answers
67 views

Notation to represent frequency and acceleration in preparation for algorithms

I hope this is the right place to ask. IMO it's the most appropriate SE site. I would have chosen mathematics; I didnt because I am using units such as force and Hz, and want equations to have ...
1
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1answer
33 views

Orientation from acceleration?

I have an object that has a sensor attached on it. This sensor calculates the acceleration in all axis and angular acceleration in all axis(Keep the gravity force in mind). How can I get the Pitch, ...
3
votes
2answers
27 views

Why is the damping force acting on an oscillating system opposite in direction to velocity and not acceleration?

So far I know that the damping force is a frictional force that opposes motion and so it acts in the opposite direction to velocity . Bit why can't the same be said for acceleration doesn't the ...
4
votes
1answer
92 views

If Speed is Relative can Absolute Acceleration be Real

This is , I suppose not a good question , but I think I am missing something which confuses me in this question. So my question is - Velocity is relative. So suppose a car is moving at a speed 200 ...
-1
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1answer
33 views

What does number of inches per day squared mean?

To give some context to this question, the Pioneer spacecraft were decelerating by: 300 inches per day squared http://www.nasa.gov/topics/solarsystem/features/pioneer_anomaly.html I cannot find ...
2
votes
2answers
119 views

All reference frame are inertial? Where is the flaw in reasoning?

This is my first post here. I have a line of thoughts which might be wrong but I couldn't find the error. Suppose we have a point mass subjected to an arbitrary force $F$. In the lab reference frame ...
0
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1answer
38 views

Acceleration in full-swing pendulum

Consider a $360^{0}$ swing pendulum with a massless rod. If I start it from the position of unstable balance, at the very top of the circumference, according to the conservation of energy, its ...
0
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0answers
22 views

How can a lateral wind gust create a lateral acceleration for a flying object?

We had a lot of wind today and we weren't able to fly our drone with some friends If a quadrotor of mass $1kg$ flying along the positive $x$-axis at a speed of $4m.s^{-1}$, why would a wind gust ...
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2answers
51 views

Homework: Angular Acceleration from Net Torque [closed]

I have the correct answer but don't know how that is the correct one. My answers were way off which indicates I am missing something big but don't know what. Now the 4 torques are: t1=6.175, t2=....
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2answers
78 views

Frame of reference in elevator

I have a conceptual question that I have trouble understanding. An object at the end of a rope is attached to the ceiling of an elevator. If the elevator is allowed to free-fall and hit the ground, ...
-1
votes
3answers
99 views

Why does the period of a pendulum decrease in an accelerating frame? [duplicate]

If there is a simple pendulum in a non-accelerating frame with period $T_1$, it will have period $T_2 < T_1$ when placed in a frame accelerating perpendicularly to the direction of gravity. Why?
2
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1answer
48 views

Collision/Crumpling problem possible solution mistake

This question is from Physics for scientist and engineers , Ohanian . Two automobiles of 540 and 1400 kg collide head-on while moving at 80 kmh in opposite directions. After the collision the ...
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votes
1answer
29 views

Velocity ; Acceleration [closed]

A ball was thrown vertically upwards with a speed of 3m/s. The ball reached a highest point before falling down to the ground. What is the acceleration of the ball at the highest point? A 0m/s2 B ...
0
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4answers
89 views

Explain $\Delta x = v_0t + \tfrac{1}{2}gt^2$ please? [duplicate]

$g = \Delta v/t$, so $\Delta v = gt$. $v = v_0 + \Delta v$, so $v = v_0 + gt$. So if $\Delta x = vt$, then $\Delta x$ should be $v_0t + gt$. Why the $\tfrac{1}{2}gt^2$? I'm really confused, so this ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Acceleration at rest when ball is thown [duplicate]

If a ball is thrown vertically upward and it comes to rest for a moment, then its velocity decreases and becomes zero. Does its acceleration also becomes zero? If yes then how ball falls down?
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2answers
39 views

Wheel versus Sphere: Traveling Linearly Down a Track

Assume the following: A tire-like wheel and sphere are both of diameter d and mass m They are both made of the same material They are both resting at the apex of an inclined track An equal amount of ...
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4answers
114 views

Why is acceleration of expansion of space unexplained?

I didn't know how to better phrase the question so here we go. It says that the farther we see from our galaxy the faster the other object seems to be going away (accelerating). My common sense ...
0
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4answers
127 views

Is centripetal acceleration constant?

In the case of a car traveling around a corner at a constant speed, the velocity, while constant in magnitude, is obviously changing direction and thus a centripetal acceleration directed towards the ...
-6
votes
2answers
51 views

How to calculate initial acceleration of a projectile motion? [closed]

I have an object following a projectile motion, that hasn't got horizontal acceleration but only vertical -g. What is the acceleration that I have to use in the second law of motion (F = ma) in order ...
1
vote
2answers
107 views

Relativistic Rocket Fuel Requirements

I am trying to reconcile two different calculations of fuel for a 1g constant acceleration/deceleration trip to Alpha Centauri. One found here (http://math.ucr.edu/home/baez/physics/Relativity/SR/...
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1answer
39 views

Energy required to accelerate from different reference frames

So I've recently been studying relativity a lot trying to understand it and I feel like I grasp most things conceptually but I have one issue I've been trying to understand for the last couple days ...
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2answers
53 views

How do I find the linear components of acceleration in a pendulum?

I have managed to derive the equation of motion of a simple pendulum under the influence of gravity using the Lagrangian, but since that only tells me what the angular acceleration is, I now want to ...
-1
votes
1answer
65 views

Why is angular acceleration of a pendulum always negative?

I was trying to derive using the Lagrangian the equations of motion of a simple pendulum under the influence of gravity. Eventually, I was brought to this conclusion: $$\alpha = -(g\sinθ)/l$$ where $\...
0
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1answer
56 views

If two cars have the same acceleration at time $t$, are the velocities of the cars the same at time $t$?

So when I look at the question logically, I reason that if I had two cars: Range Rover and BMW, at time t, I could pump the gas and make them accelerate at the same rate at 0.5 m/s^2 but I could be ...
4
votes
1answer
98 views

Why didn't I beat the avalanche?

Yesterday, while skiing out of bounds on the south west canyons of Mt. Hood, I experienced a small and extremely mild quake. This, combined with the melting conditions caused an extremely small ...
0
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0answers
40 views

Time of free fall in a repulsive force [duplicate]

The formula for time of a free falling body when acceleration is not constant can be found in any answers here at this site and also at wikipedia. But I haven't been able to find any formula for a ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

instantaneous velocity center

The instant center of rotation, also called the instantaneous velocity center is the point fixed to a body undergoing planar movement that has zero velocity at a particular instant of time. For ...
0
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2answers
40 views

DC motor acceleration

I'm doing a research project on the mathematics of robotics. For this research project I need to use calculus somewhere in the project. My plan was to calculate the acceleration of the robot and find ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

Rotational movement at the equator [closed]

What is the centripetal acceleration if you are moving with $100\frac{km}{h}$ on the equator if you are are moving a) east b) west? Shouldn't the acceleration be the same given with $a_{cp}=\frac{v^2}...
2
votes
1answer
31 views

Does an object creates gravitational waves when only accelerating in one direction?

I know from reading about the gravitational waves detected by Ligo, that when an object has angular acceleration, it produces gravitational waves. I'm wondering if an object creates gravitational ...
5
votes
1answer
58 views

Schwarzschild metric, acceleration of ball before it's dropped [duplicate]

The Schwarzschild metric, describing the exterior gravitational field of a planet of mass $M$ and radius $R$, is given by$$ds^2 = -(1 - 2M/r)\,dt^2 + (1 - 2M/r)^{-1}\,dr^2 + r^2(d\theta^2 + \sin^2\...
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votes
1answer
48 views

Time traveled assuming instant acceleration/decelaration

I am working on sort of a motion planning algorithm where I need to estimate the time it takes to travel along a certain path of points (straight lines between consecutive points, i.e I am assuming ...
3
votes
2answers
74 views

Best way of calculating average acceleration in lab experiments

I am doing a lab experiment that works as follows. An object moves along the $x$ axis with an initial acceleration and then moves with a pretty constant velocity that may slightly vary within $20\%$ (...
0
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2answers
76 views

Average acceleration: why I am getting different results?

Let's consider a simple school problem. A car starts moving during 3 seconds with a constant acceleration of 1 m/s^2. Then it stops accelerating and moves 3 seconds more with a constant speed. Find ...