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Does Newton's third law of motion fail anywhere, including particle physics and other advanced topics?

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In electromagnetic theory, Newton's 3rd law is not obeyed, because the momentum of matter may not be conserved - there is electromagnetic momentum too. The law of local conservation of total momentum then replaces the 3rd law.

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There is nothing called action - reaction inside a black hole. It is also a place where all of Newton's laws fail.

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