# Glycerol: refractive index & absorption spectra in 0.2-0.4um range

Could anyone suggest where can I find absorption spectra & refractive index of Glycerol?

I am specifically interested in UV range, 200-400nm, everything I was able to find out was for standard conditions only...

Is there any software which can get these parameters through simulation?

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If by simulation you mean molecular or atomistic-level simulation from the ground up, I would be surprised if this is possible. I would be happy to be wrong about this of course. –  Greg P May 11 '11 at 3:03
Yes, that's what I was meaning. Probalby I trust computers too much :-) –  BarsMonster May 11 '11 at 9:42
refractiveindex.info unfortunately only provides NIR data, but maybe you fit a Lorentzian curve to estimate UV behaviour? –  Tobias Kienzler May 11 '11 at 10:13
It looks like I will need to extrapolate. But as far as I see, I should not get too much of an error (>1%, so it should be ok for me)... –  BarsMonster May 11 '11 at 12:07

1st, UV-spectrum.

There is none! To have some absorption above 200 nm You need some conjugated double bonds. The standard solvent for UV-spectroscopy is ethanol for that reasons, if one needed a much more polar solvent one would use water or in extreme cases (of polarity) glycerol.

2nd, Refractive index.

This is a real problem, I do not have this values. Maybe You can use this:

to extrapolate values from visible domain to the UV.

Here:

http://www2.chemistry.msu.edu/faculty/reusch/VirtTxtJml/Spectrpy/UV-Vis/spectrum.htm

" UV/Vis spectroscopy " or " UV/Vis Spectroskopie"

the latter gives a lot of scripts from German universities, the tables included and the formulas You should understand without speaking German.

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I should write a script to automatically accept your answers here :-) That is a perfect answer. As a side note, where can I read more about these absorption lines we are getting from different types of bonds so that I can aproximately estimate absorption spectra for various substances? –  BarsMonster May 11 '11 at 12:05

This can probably be achieved with time dependent density functional theory, however it's nontrivial. Regrettably, I have no real experience in this area, however TD-DFT is a good place to start if you're interested in calculating UV/Vis and (hyper)polarisability properties almost from first principles.

Good electronic structure codes should be capable of directly outputting UV/Vis spectra, whilst the refractive index is related to the unit cell of the material and the frequency dependent polarisability tensor(1). Accordingly, you'll only be able to get hard results for crystalline glycerol, rather than liquid or glassy phases, however the index may not change much. Because the index is frequency dependent, you may have to do calculations over a subdivided range of frequencies, which may be quite time consuming.

You might want to look at software packages such as GAUSSIAN, ADF, GAMESS/Firefly, ORCA, MPQC, NWChem, etc., which range in price between free and very expensive.

Alternatively, if you have access to the right facilities, you could always make empirical measurements in about 5 minutes, but where's the fun in that?

edit: regarding Georg's statement answer, glycerol has a small absorption in the range of interest.

(1) Tossell, J. A. and Lazzeretti, Paolo; Ab initio calculation of the refractive indices and related properties of $CaCO_{3}$; Phys. Rev. B; 38, 8, 1988, pp. 5694-5698

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""glycerol has a small absorption in the range of interest."" . This band is due to some "dirt". Glycerol contains impurities, depending on way of distillation. This band (presumably acrolein) is not easily to remove. If You need some glycerol free of it, You have to purchase (expensive) special "spectroscopy grade" glycerol. –  Georg May 24 '11 at 16:16