Take the 2-minute tour ×
Physics Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for active researchers, academics and students of physics. It's 100% free, no registration required.

I've been doing an experiment using liquid nitrogen, and am aware that pouring it into different containers gives a chance for other gases to liquify and contaminate it; what's a good estimate for the amount of other gases in the flask in such a situation?

share|improve this question
add comment

1 Answer

That depends mostly on the time the liquid is exposed to the other gases and the container you are keeping it in. A quantitative answer is hard to give though.

In a clean glass dewar a little bit of evaporated nitrogen will hover over the liquid phase and will slow down the condensation of other gases into the liquid phase. In a open container with more airflow you will get contaminations with oxygen, water and CO2. I have observed that small ice crystals and dry ice float on top of liquid nitrogen, the exact amount depends again on your conditions: Just breath out just above the liquid and you can see it condensing/freezing.

Other than that you might have dirt that comes from your dewar as larger ones are hard to clean thoroughly but this can be filtered out easily with a fine paper filter.

One way to keep the liquid without contaminations is to first clean your transport vessel, evacuate it, fill it just with liquid/gaseous nitrogen and then keep it sealed with a pressure release valve under a bit of overpressure (actually two or three valves as required by law). The release valve prevents other gases from coming in and also reduces your rate of evaporation, as the nitrogen can be kept a slightly higher temperatures.

share|improve this answer
    
Harriet asked this question on Apr 30, and was not "seen" since! –  Georg Nov 4 '11 at 19:45
    
@Georg - That hardly reduces the value of a decent answer to a broadly applicable question. –  Richard Terrett Nov 5 '11 at 8:17
    
If only ther was some information on available liq N2 qualities! –  Georg Nov 5 '11 at 10:35
add comment

Your Answer

 
discard

By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.