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- Electrons - What is Waving? 3 answers
Einstein has suggested that light can behave as a waves as well as like a particle i.e, it has dual character. In 1924, Louis de Broglie suggested that just as light exhibits wave and particle properties, all microscopic material particles such as electrons, protons, atoms, molecules etc. have also dual character. They behave as a particle as well as wave. This means that an electron which has been regarded as a particle also behaves like a wave. Thus, according to de Broglie,
Although the dual nature of matter is applicable to all material objects but it is significant for microscopic bodies only. For large bodies, the wavelengths of associated waves are very small and cannot be measured by any of the avalable methods. Therefore, practically these bodies are said to have no wavelengths. Thus, any material body in motion can have wavelength but it is measurable or significant only for microscopic bodies such as electron, proton, atom or molecule. And it is to be noted that electrons won't orbit the nucleus in the sense planet orbits around the sun, but instead exist as STANDING WAVES.
I am finding difficulty in understanding electron or other material particles to behave as wave. In order to understand electron in the form of wave, I considered the following example of high racing car. See the picture below.
You can see that car is under very less speed compared to electron, it shows some what blur appearance, I considered this to be wave like in nature. And car has comparatively very very less wavelength, so that it can be considered as negligible, even though I considered it to understand. I assumed electron to be under similar position as the car, to understand what actually is called wave nature. Is it that as like car appears to be blur or some what wavy, electron also under immense speed show wave like appearance. But in reality car stays as material particle, even if it appears to be wavy. Is it the same thing what actually meant by wave nature of electron? i.e is it that electron seems to be wavy under high speed, but it will remain as particle during its motion?
This is what I have understood about wave nature of electron. I don't know whether I have misunderstood or not. If I have misunderstood the concept about wave nature, please explain what actually is meant by wave nature of material particles.