Physics Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for active researchers, academics and students of physics. Join them; it only takes a minute:

Sign up
Here's how it works:
  1. Anybody can ask a question
  2. Anybody can answer
  3. The best answers are voted up and rise to the top

Does the Hubbard Hamiltonian $$H=-t\sum_{\langle ij\rangle \sigma}c_{i\sigma}^{\dagger}c_{j\sigma}+h.c.+U\sum_{i}n_{i\uparrow}n_{i\downarrow}$$ commute with $\sum_{i}\mathbf{S}_i^2$? where $\mathbf{S}$ is the spin angular momentum.

share|cite|improve this question
Why not calculate the commutator and find out? – wsc Nov 17 '13 at 21:11

It is known that the Hubbard model possesses the global $SU(2)$ spin-rotation symmetry, which means that the Hamiltonian commutes with the total spin $\sum_i\mathbf{S}_i$(where $\mathbf{S}_i=\frac{1}{2}c_i^\dagger \mathbf{\sigma}c_i$), which is the generators of the global $SU(2)$ spin-rotation group, and it does not commute with $\sum_i\mathbf{S}_i^2$.

share|cite|improve this answer

Your Answer


By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.