To deduce this, You have to specify the kind of decay and the nature of the "compund"
is it a crystal, a small molecule in gas phase, a organic material?
Beta decay shifts the nucleus one position upward in PSE,
thus any "compound" will be transformed into a cation by
loss of an electron, and whre say a iodide Ion had been,
there will be an Xe atom. (which will not "fit" chemically of course)
There will be some recoil in this process, which can cause the nucleus
to leave its place.
The electron will ionize everything along its path, those products
of ionisation can alter/ destroy the molecule (compound) where the
electron was emitted.
Similar is the case of alpha, with a strong recoil and severly ionisation.
The decaying nucleus is shifted two "down" in PSE. The alpha particle will stay
in the crystal, if it is big enough. Think of Helium gassing out of
Pechblende when heated.
For Gamma, recoil will be less, ionisation is distributed along a long path
There are special cases in crystals, when the recoil is taken not by the emitting
nucleus alone, but collectively ba the crystal lattice. (Mößbauer effect)
In general, radioactive decay is so energetic, that any chemical bonds/lattice forces
are broken. What happens then is very complicated and not to be answered by a simple scheme.