Recently I was told of a job offer to analyse astronomical data. The job offer states that they want somebody with knowledge of astronomical data analysis software and it will be a plus somebody who has experience with programming languages, giving as examples: IDL and Fortran. My first question is:
Is Matlab a good programming language? I mean, to treat astronomical data and any other things that they might want? From what I see IDL is comparable to Matlab, both have pros and cons but basically they both do the job.
For my second question, and I'm sorry if I should post this on a different post but are very closely related, the selection for this job will be made by analysing data from some surveys on the optic, millimeter and infrared frequencies from the Hubble, Spitzer, Herschel and Apex telescopes. My other question is: what kind of data is this and what kind of treatment I may have to do? If somebody could indicate me somewhere online where free data is available I would be deeply thankful.
My experience on this kind of job is, clearly, limited, but I believe I have all the theoretical knowledge to tackle the problem, I just need to know what to study and train.