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I have come across many websites that states that the proton-proton fusion which is the dominant type of fusion that powers the suns, is extremely slow and that is why the sun is still burning to that day. But also I have read that the sun fuses 620 million tons of Hydrogen every second, so that is considered fast for us on the earth scale.

So my question now is : comparing the time it takes to release the same amount of energy, how much faster the D-T fusion for example is compared to proton-proton fusion ?

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The problem with proton-proton fusion is that there is no bound state of two protons. For the fusion to occur one of the protons has to turn into a neutron by beta plus decay. This is mediated by the weak force so it's a slow process and the probability of it happening while the protons are close enough to form a deuteron is very low. By contrast a deuteron and tritium nucleus readily form $^5$He.

The proton proton fusion cross section isn't known from experiment so only calculated values are known and these are somewhat uncertain. I found this paper that summarises the reaction rates. The p-p fusion is about $10^{26}$ times slower than the D-T fusion.

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So if the reaction rate was as fast as the D-T, does that necessarily mean that the sun will fuse all its available fuel almost instantly ? – Abanob Ebrahim Sep 12 '13 at 9:21
If the p-p reaction was as fast as the D-T reaction stars would be much much smaller than they are. If you magically tweaked the reaction rate the Sun, and indeed every star, would immediately explode in something resembling a super nova. – John Rennie Sep 12 '13 at 13:03

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