First, I shall say that I am familiar with the intuitive idea that a spinor is like a vector (or tensor) that only transforms "up to a sign" when acted on by the rotation group. I have even rotated a plate on my palm to explain this to my fiancee! I have also looked at spinors as mathematical objects, such as the 2d subspace of complex 3-space such that $X·X = 0$, and feel that I understand this well also.
I am confused by spinors in physics. Are they still vectors that are isotropic (inner product with themselves is 0)? In what vector space? Normally states are vectors in infinite dimensional spaces! Every attempt to find literature which pins down specifically what a spinor is (in physical terms) seems to assume that one is already well acquainted with the idea.
Take, for example, the Dirac equation. I can see that the solutions are four-component wavefunctions, which then splits into two parts. Is this a spinor? Why? What vector space do these solutions live in? I believe I've heard that the answer has something to do with representation theory, perhaps of the Poincare group? I am also familiar with the basics there, so don't hesitate to explain in terms of representations.