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I have a hard time understand the statement that
When you only look at the classical limit or classical physics, string theory exactly agrees with general relativity
Because from what I know, String Theory assumes a fixed space time background (ie, all the strings and membranes interact in a fix background, and their interaction gives rise to fundamental particles that we observe), but General Relativity assumes that the space time background is influenced by what is in it and the interaction between them.
Given that both have very different assumptions, what do string theorists mean when they say string theory agrees with general relativity in a classical limit? Or more specifically, how does string theory--a fix spacetime background theory-- reconciles with the general relativity on dynamic spacetime background part? I can understand a fix, static spacetime in the context of changing, dynamic spacetime background, but I cannot understand a chanding, dynamic spacetime in the context of a fix, static spacetime background.