My atomic physics lab is in a building that experiences huge swings in humidity levels during the year due to the monsoon season
Our building provides temperature, but not humidity control. Using just the building temperature control results in the following lab climates:
10 months out of the year, the room is at
T $\approx 24.4 ^oC$
Relative Humidity $< 10\%$
2 months out of the year, the lab is at
T $\approx 24.4^oC$
Relative Humidity $\approx 50\%$
This season variation necessitates significant recalibration twice per year at the beginning and end of the monsoon season. The sensitive components are mainly opto-mechanical.
The lab currently has a dehumidifier that is spec'd at 45 pints per day during the wet season. This specification indicates how much water the unit will remove from the air in a given day when the air is saturated with water (100% relative humidity). The problem with such a specification is that 100% relative humidity is a way different environment than 40% or 50% humidity.
On a wet day, this unit reduces the lab relative humidity by about 10% from 55% to 45%. This is still far from the lab's climate most of the year. It is a trade off, though, because it will also raise the lab temperature by about 1 degree C, which necessitates other recalibration. I am investigating options to further reduce the humidity.
The lab is approximately 5 meters X 10 meters X 3 meters in size. Most of the experiment is on a very full optics table that is 1.5 meters X 4 meters. There are lots of cables and water tubing that require access to the table, making climate isolation of the table difficult (although not impossible).
A few options under consideration are the following:
1: Introduce an additional higher capacity dehumidifier
- Fast and easy implementation
it is unknown how efficient a dehumidifier will function when the relative humidity is only 45%.
Manufacturers do not specify how well the unit will work at low humidity levels, only at 80% +.
2: Fill sensitive areas with positive pressure Nitrogen
- Excellent climate control
- Minimal impact on room temperature
- requires significant reconfiguration of experimental setup.
- Requires refilling Nitrogen tank frequently, a recurring cost.
3: Isolate experiment from lab climate using large plastic enclosures and recirculate air in this enclosure
- Excellent environment isolation
- requires significant reconfiguration of laboratory and would likely restrict access to areas of the experiment.
- It could also likely result in a temperature increase of the experiment area.
Introducing an additional room dehumidifier would be the easiest option by far.
So my Question is: does anyone know how efficient dehumidifiers works in dry environments? E.g., if I were to purchase an additional dehumidifier, would could I achieve a humidity level of less than 30% or does the humidity level asymptote off at some level due to a limit on the efficiency of dehumidifiers?
I realize an alternative would be to humidify the lab 10 months out of the year. However, having low humidity is extremely convenient for rapidly water-cooling components. During our wet season, our water-cooling results in considerable condensation on our components.