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"Even if a magnet is broken into atoms, each atom shall be a complete magnet. If the atom is further broken into electrons, protons, neutrons, etc. even then each particle shall behave like a complete magnet."

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The point is that our particles have "spin", and this property provides magnetization. – Chris Gerig Jun 25 '13 at 7:09
so how does an electron, which always has spin +/- .5,from a magnetic material differ from electrons from any other material? as i know it, the atom behaves like a magnet when the spin of the electrons get aligned. Moreover, how do protons and neutrons behave as dipoles... this is quite confusing. – Viren Jun 25 '13 at 7:36
Non-rigorously: in other materials the signal is too weak, there is no coherence between all of the spins. – Chris Gerig Jun 25 '13 at 7:40
I suspect the text has defined a 'complete magnet' as having both a north and a south pole, and that no matter how the magnet is broken down, there will never be just north or just south poles. – Bobbi Bennett Jun 25 '13 at 12:19

You will learn at some point that magnetism in materials, i.e. magnetization, comes from the material having a coherent collection of "spins". Each particle has spin, some quantum-mechanical feature, and as a result you get "spin magnetic moments" (which has a direction), which induces the magnetization.

So breaking down the material doesn't affect the existence of "spins", which is what you ultimately need for magnetization.

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