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Please see this question for a clear background of the notation I use. My issue is that I want to use Wick's theorem to calculate the amplitude of meson $\psi(p_1)\psi(p_2)\rightarrow\psi(p_1')\psi(p_2')$ scattering. I can quickly get to the point where I need to evaluate:

$\langle p_1',p_2'|:\psi_1^\dagger\psi_1\psi_2^\dagger\psi_2:|p_1,p_2\rangle$

In my notes, the next step is

$\langle p_1',p_2'|:\psi_1^\dagger\psi_1\psi_2^\dagger\psi_2:|p_1,p_2\rangle=\langle p_1',p_2'|\psi_1^\dagger\psi_2^\dagger|0\rangle\langle0|\psi_1\psi_2|p_1,p_2\rangle$

where he seems to have changed orders of the fields and inserted $|0\rangle\langle0|$, $|0\rangle$ being the vacuum of the free theory. Can anyone explain what this particular step is? From thereafter the derivation is pretty clear to me

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1 Answer 1

You have to put the first term (which in not in normal order, hence the dots) in normal order. The vacuum mapping is the identity matrix so you simple CAN put it.

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Hi John, can you expand on your answer a bit? –  Brandon Enright Dec 15 '13 at 23:54
You insert a complete set of states (it includes all multi-particle states) -- however, only the vacuum state contributes. You need to verify this. –  suresh May 16 '14 at 23:38

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