Let me begin with the second question where you don't change the dimensionality, just the volume.
The entropy never decreases when you actually compress gas. The compression means that the walls are mostly moving against the colliding molecules which means that they're recoiled backwards at higher velocities. The molecules' kinetic energy increases so they occupy a larger volume in the momentum space (in macroscopic language, a gas heats up while being compressed) which at least compensates the decrease of the volume in the position space.
The other answer is incorrect. The second laws says not only that systems exhibit some activity indicating that they don't like a decreasing entropy; instead, it says that whatever activity physical systems display, they will never achieve a macroscopic decrease of the entropy. It's just impossible. To compress gas by 70% is possible, to decrease the entropy by a macroscopic amount is not.
Now, the interesting first question. If you could change the effective dimensionality, it would still be true in any consistent theory that the entropy can't decrease. So if your theory were just able to add dimensions like that while keeping a molecule in a sphere of the increasing dimension, the second law of thermodynamics would imply that such an addition of dimensions isn't physically possible – it would be another, more sophisticated example of the perpetual motion machine of the second kind.
In some sense, it is true that the second law encourages physical systems to lose the dimensions (a way to increase the entropy, given your formula for the higher-dimensional spherical volumes). When the energy dissipates, the energy per degree of freedom effectively goes down which allows us to use a lower-dimensional "effective" description. For example, a gas full of Kaluza-Klein particles probing (moving in) extra dimensions will tend dissipate its energy and decay to many lower-energy quanta which are effectively living just in 3+1 dimensions.