Is $E_k$ the energy of the outgoing or incoming pion?
The first peak is supposed to be a delta baryon.
What does the graph tell us, experimentally? A pion of kinetic energy x comes in, then we look at the graph and find the cross-section, so then we have the probability of what happening? Or is $E_k$ the net loss in kinetic energy of the pion, and this graph tells us the distribution of its energy loss?
How is this graph constructed, what is measured?