I have recently been doing research on the AGT Correspondence between the Nekrasov Instanton Partition Function and Louiville Conformal Blocks (http://arxiv.org/abs/0906.3219). When looking at the Nekrasov Partition Function one defines a deformed metric in terms of the "deformation parameters" $\epsilon_1, \epsilon_2$ which seem to define a $SO(4)$ action on a standard Euclidean Metric, breaking translational symmetry. Much of the literature on these functions seems to be in the math department, defining the functions categorically in terms of sheaves and what-not (http://arxiv.org/abs/math/0311058) and even the original paper (http://arxiv.org/abs/hep-th/0206161) approaches the subject from a cohomological perspective.
Is there any obvious physical motivation for looking at partition functions in this strange deformed spacetime? Or should I view it as simply a mathematical manipulation?