Take the 2-minute tour ×
Physics Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for active researchers, academics and students of physics. It's 100% free, no registration required.

If I place a compass over a wire(such that the wire is positioned north-south) with charge flowing through it, and it points northeast, how can I determine the direction of the electron current flowing through the wire?

share|improve this question
3  
Sounds like homework? What do you know about the magnetic field of a charged wire? –  Lagerbaer Feb 27 '11 at 23:36
    
The magnitude is k |(qv x rh)| / r^2 where rh = r/|r|. The magnetic field has to be pointing right because of the effect on the compass. Therefore by the right hand rule, v is pointing north, so the electron current is flowing from south to north. Does that sound right? –  Mike Feb 28 '11 at 1:23
1  
related: physics.stackexchange.com/q/28014 –  tmac May 8 '12 at 17:50
add comment

2 Answers

Here you can see the magnetic field. This answer your question right?

share|improve this answer
add comment

A mnemonic memory aid is the right hand rule. Don't grab the wire for real because if you accidentally ground yourself, you will likely get a shock.

Stick your thumb out on your right hand, and imagine holding the wire with the wire running north and south. This can with either your thumb pointing north or you can do this with your thumb pointing south. As your fingers curl around the wire so are the magnetic field lines circling the conductor. with the current flowing in the direction your thumb is pointing. Think of your fingers as start at north and wrap around to south

right hand rule

The compass will give different results when placed above and below the wire. That is because above the wire the magnetic field points in one direction, and below the wire the magnetic field points in the other direction. Just as below the wire your fingers point one direction, but as they curve around to the top they are pointing in a different direction.

If your thumb is pointing south as your fingers curl around the top of the wire, pointing to the wires magnetic south, you will find that the wire's magnetic north is in your east. That is, when current is flowing south in your wire, and the compass placed on top, it will be deflect to the east some. The amount of deflection will be related to the induced magnetic field strength.

share|improve this answer
add comment

Your Answer

 
discard

By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.