I am currently making a water cooling system for my computer and decided to see if I could get some better help here than what people think they know on the computer forums.
So for my cooling system I have three, what are called, water blocks. They have a inlet and an outlet and are the biggest source of restriction. I specifically have three, and they each have 1/4in input and output barbs, I then connect them all with two manifolds.
The manifold is made of 3 PVC T fittings and an end cap. So all the T's are setup such to look like this TTT . One of the ends of the tops on the T's is capped and the other is the input/output, while the bottom of the T's goes to and from the water blocks. (I hope this is very easy to visualize, if you cannot ask me and I will try to explain more)
The input for each manifold is 1/2in tubing and the T's run to x3 1/4in tubing lines. So the water enters in a 1/2in tube, is split to x3 1/4in tubes, then combines back into a 1/2in output tube.
Each waterblock is responsible for, at max, 190watts of heat to dissipate. So the entire loop must remove ~600watts of heat + the pumps heat = ~625 watts. This is where the radiator comes in, I found a nice chart that tells me the size I need to remove X watts from a system so I know I have the right size radiator. The radiator has 1/2in tubing inputs and outputs (but it is restrictive cause of the inside geometry.
So my question is, what should I consider in a pump when trying to find one for this system?
People talk of flow rate, vs system pressure, vs pump head. I know the head is how hard the pump can push with no restriction in its flow. So I figure pressure is combined in the pump head figure.
What no one talks about though is how to find out how much flow and pressure is needed for the water cooling loop to work as it should. Even if I have the right size radiator to remove the amount of heat I have it is worthless if the water is not moving in the right manner.
So can I possibly buy a pump that has too much flow; how can I figure the minimum amount of flow needed for my loop to work?
EDIT: Ok I have found out a little bit more..
So I figure part of what I need to know is the bernoulli equation, which will describe the flow and pressure of the water at a certain point in the system.
What I guess I need to do is equate the amount of heat water can remove at a specific velocity.
So each water block gives off 190watts, and water has a thermal conductivity of .6Watts/m*K at 0C.
How do I equate these two figures to figure out how much flow and head my pump should have?