# Concentration of Proteins

You release a billion protein molecules at position $x = 0$ in the middle of a narrow capillary test tube. The molecules’ diffusion constant is $10^{−6} \ cm^2 s^{−1}$. An electric field pulls the molecules to the right (larger x) with a drift velocity of $1\ μms^{−1}$. Nevertheless, after $80 \ s$ you see that a few protein molecules are actually to the left of where you released them. How could this happen? What is the ending concentration exactly at $x = 0$?

[Note: This is a one-dimensional problem, so you should express your answer in terms of the concentration integrated over the cross-sectional area of the tube, a quantity with dimensions $L ^{−1}.$]

In this problem I tried to use diffusion equation $$\frac{\partial C}{\partial t} = D \frac{\partial ^2 C}{\partial x^2} + v\frac{\partial C}{\partial x}$$ where $v$ is drift velocity.

Firstly, does this equation help me, or am I in the wrong woods? Secondly, I have trouble finding the initial conditions, since we have two parameters.

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