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For example if the force on a particle is of the form $ \mathbf F = \mathbf F(\mathbf r, \dot{\mathbf r}, \ddot{\mathbf r}, \dddot{\mathbf r}) $, then the equation of motion would be a third order differential equation, what will require us to know the initial conditions $ \mathbf r(0), \dot{\mathbf r}(0), \ddot{\mathbf r}(0) $ in order to get the exact solution.

EDIT: As akhmeteliless mentioned the Abraham–Lorentz force is an example for such force. But, how such force is possible if the Lagrangian contains only the coordinates and their first time derivatives? Shoudn't the equations of motion be second order differential equations?

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Related: physics.stackexchange.com/q/4102/2451 and links therein. –  Qmechanic Jan 24 '13 at 8:39
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Just a tip: if you feel that the question could be answered more fully, it's best not to accept an answer, because that tends to discourage people from posting another one. Personally, I would very much like to see a more comprehensive answer to this question. –  Nathaniel Feb 12 '13 at 1:41
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2 Answers

up vote 1 down vote accepted

For example, the Dirac-Lorentz equation.

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How such force is possible if the Lagrangian contains only the coordinates and their first time derivatives? Shoudn't the equations of motion be second order differential equations? –  Andrey B Jan 24 '13 at 3:24
    
For what it's worth, it is written in a book by I. M. Ternov e.a. "Synchrotron Radiation and its Applications" (books.google.com/… ) that the Dirac-Lorentz equation "cannot be derived from a Hamiltonian or a Lagrangian, because it takes into account the radiation frictional force and thus describes a nonconservative system." I am not sure, but... –  akhmeteli Jan 24 '13 at 5:26
    
OK than, thanks. –  Andrey B Jan 24 '13 at 9:52
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The radiation-reaction force does not really describe fundamental physics. It's a semi-classical attempt to describe a fundamentally quantum mechanical process. This is why a seemingly simple question: does a uniformly accelerating charge radiate? can lead to almost endless debate. So caveat lector. But it is the standard problem involving jerk, the time derivative of acceleration.

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Any other classical (or non-classical) problems involving jerk? –  Andrey B Aug 19 '13 at 4:14
    
Not that I can think of Andrey, but I haven't googled it. –  user27777 Aug 19 '13 at 4:36
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