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First a quick introduction for the unfamiliar: in saturation physics (my research field), a lot of theoretical work centers on the BK (Balitsky-Kovchegov) equation, which is a differential equation which governs the structure of the proton. It basically takes the form

$$\frac{\partial}{\partial Y}N = K\otimes N - N^2$$

$N$ is a function related to the proton's structure, and is what we solve the equation for. It's a function of $\mathbf{r}$, the position in the plane perpendicular to the beam line, and of $Y = -\ln x$, where $x$ is the momentum fraction of the quark or gluon involved in the collision. $K\otimes$ is some integral operator.

Solving an equation of this form starts with an initial condition at some initial $Y = Y_0$. I've seen a number of recent papers (1,2,3,etc.) that use an initial condition of this form:

$$N(\mathbf{r}, Y_0) = 1 - \exp\biggl[-\frac{(r^2 Q_{s0}^2)^\gamma}{4}\ln\biggl(e + \frac{1}{r\Lambda}\biggr)\biggr]$$

Usually the equation is accompanied by the citation of a trio of papers (4,5,6) by Larry McLerran and Raju Venugopalan from 1994, and accordingly the expression is called the MV initial condition. The thing is, I checked those papers from 1994 and I can't seem to find this expression anywhere in them, nor can I find anything that it can obviously be derived from. So I'm wondering, is there a later paper that actually derives or postulates the MV initial condition itself? Perhaps by starting from the results of the McLerran and Venugopalan papers?

Or is it really in one or more of those three 1994 papers, and I'm just missing it?

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I won't be too surprised if nobody can answer this, as saturation physics is really obscure, but I figured there should be the occasional probe of the site's ability to tackle highly specific questions. –  David Z Jan 18 '13 at 5:11
    
Can you access the PhysRevD documents? I remember looking up the same thing a few years ago and I know I've looked at the PhysRev PDFs instead of the ones on arXiv. I can't access them from where I am now, though. They might be slightly different. –  David M. R. Jan 30 '13 at 3:14
    
Not from where I am now (home), but when I get on campus, I'll check that. –  David Z Jan 30 '13 at 3:17
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1 Answer

I am not familiar with the area but in ref. 4 there are plenty of derivations given (e.g. eqns. (1), (3), (84)). I guess integrating one or some of the eqns. could give you your equation. But I really just browsed through the articles and I am not even sure if their notation matches yours or the ones in the newer articles. Just to have an idea how this may come from.

EDIT: I found another paper in the reference that might clear things a little - Link to the paper. In II. D. you will find the following statement:

Finally we have to specify the initial condition (i.c.) for the evolution or, equivalently, the precise shape of the proton unintegrated gluon distribution (UGD), ...

So what I guess is that it is not that easy to alter the initial conditions to the UGD. I think a more or less complicated parametrization is needed to do so. The paper referenced in that connection is this one: Link to the paper.

I hope this helps a little.

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My reference 1 only has 15 equations. Did you mean a different one? –  David Z Jan 28 '13 at 23:15
    
Yes you are correct. I meant ref. 4. Corrected that. I searched through the papers again and found a reference that might help. See edit. –  DaPhil Jan 29 '13 at 8:00
    
Thanks, I will have to look through this. –  David Z Jan 30 '13 at 3:17
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