Can anybody explain how Rutherford bombarded a 0.0004 cm thick gold foil? How did he put it in a photographic sheet? Wasn't the foil too thin to be held? How did he know that the atoms were deflected at various angles? Did he calculate every alpha particle's angle of deflection?
Gold foil is quite easy to hold you just hang it from a paperclip. The only difficulty is if there is a lot of static electricity in the air which makes it stick to things. (This is the main reason for the cold damp Cambridge's supremacy in early particle physics)
Photographic film at the time wasn't sensitive and so in Marsden and Geiger's experiments they used a tiny target coated with phosphorescent crystals which emitted a spark of light when hist by a particle and viewed them through a microscope. This involved sitting in a dark cupboard for hours straining to see and count rare pinpoints of light while staring down a primitive microscope - this is why the job was given to grad students.
edit: There is a very good book, The fly in the Cathedral which describes this period, the science and the experimental techniques. High vacuum stuff is a pain the