Aluminium foil is widely used for thermal isolation. As far as I know it reflects the thermal infrared radiation. Also I've seen a lot of guides about strengthening WiFi signal by putting the electromagnetic shield at not needed sides of WiFi antenna, so that EM waves are reflected to the useful zone.
I'd like to know how exactly it works though.
In Wikipedia it is written that usual household aluminium foil has thickness of about 16 microns, and heavy duty foil – 24 microns. The thermal infrared light has wavelength of 3-30 microns. Does it mean that, for example, 16 microns thick foil will reflect only light with wavelength up to 16 microns, and all light with larger wavelength will pass through such foil freely?
WiFi has frequency 2.4 GHz which corresponds to wavelength of 12.5 cm. Then such long waves shouldn't be affected my the foil that has thickness 10000 times smaller.
Or does it have to do with the fact that aluminium is a conductive material, and any electromagnetic waves, regardless of wavelength, can't pass through the conductive material. If this is the case, then how does the reflection work?