Taking off from the Rutherford-Bohr model,
Figure 1. Rutherford-Bohr model.
when an electron absorbs energy (from light, heat, or otherwise) it jumps to a higher energy level, or shell. Then when the electron loses that energy, it reverts back to a lower-numbered shell.
Now that the atomic orbital model is now more widely accepted, how does the above concept relate to it?
Figure 2. Atomic orbitals 1s, 2s, 2px, 2py, and 2pz.
I understand that the orbital model is based on the premise that we can never pinpoint the exact location of an electron at any time, hence the electron cloud, or probability density representation. Let's take a hydrogen atom for example. Its lone electron will be likely to be found in the volume defined by 1s. If that is excited to a higher energy level, will it be more likely to be found in the volume defined by 2s?
What about for other elements with more electrons? When excited, will they follow the electron placement rules as shown below? (I wonder why I couldn't find 2px, 2py, 2pz in the illustration below, but that's probably for another question)
Figure 3. Electron placement.
I may have some terms and concepts mixed up, so corrections will be much appreciated. Also, please keep the jargon to a minimum, if possible.
All pictures are from Wikipedia.