# Idea of precursors of the electro-magnetic waves

The idea of the material Maxwell equation is almost clear. But I'm curious about the idea that except for material equation the pure Maxwell equation should work, but in harder sense: more currents and charges.

There are plenty of vacuum in solid body, so, I think, that there should be some precursors of electro-magnetic waves that propagates through the body: $v = c/n$ the speed of wave in body, but part of wave propagates in vacuum with the speed of $c$. And for any frequency some part of amplitude would be observed much earlier.

Is there some theory behind this and does this phenomena is observed?

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$n$ depends on the wave frequency. For high frequencies $n\rightarrow 1$. So for a general electromagnetic field each harmonic propagates with its own speed.