I asked the same question in mo. I think maybe here there are more physics guys to help me.
I once read a statement (not memorized precisely) that a certain physics quantity between two states of charge $d_1$ and $d_2$ respectively could be computed by running over the states of charge $d_1+d_2$ which is the extension of the original two states. Therefore we need to consider some Hall algebras on a moduli space.
I couldn't find that literature any more, so I am not sure that this statement is correct. Could anyone help me to make clear this sort of things?
My questions are:
What is the basic physics setting of this story?
Why is this "extension" important?
If this is not correct, what is the correct statement/why do physicists care about Hall algebras?
PS: I think these questions are also related to the representations of particles, and the decomposition of particles.