This will be a simplified guide, as this is high-school level (I'm assuming that means ages ~ 12-16).
You'll need some idea of available resource. Now, Alice Springs has quite a bit of open land around it (it's probably one of the most isolated settlements in the world, isn't it?). So there will be no issue here. Still, you need to do the maths. So get some figures from a database of solar energy per unit area - that's called insolation.
That will tell you how much solar power is available .
Then you need to find the typical efficiency of a PV system (that will be of the order of 10-15%), and a solar-thermal system (that may be 40-60%).
And then you'll need some ideas of total demand. To get that, you'll need the number of people living in Alice Springs, and the average electricity use per person (it may be around 0.3kW-1kW), and the average hot-water use (for space heating and direct hot water use) - and that will depend on the local climate. Your local energy company, or local municipality, might have figures for that.
So, once you've got electricity demand, you can find out how much area you'll need for PV.
Power produced = efficiency x area of panels x average sun power per unit area.
So if you know the amount of power you need, then you can use the efficiency and the average sun power per unit area to calculate the area of panels you need.
You can then do a similar calculation with solar thermal energy, using the same figure for average sun power per unit area, but the different figures for demand, and for efficiency.
You might find this book useful: Australian Sustainable Energy- by the numbers - you can download the pdf for free from a link on that page.