If you look at the diagrams of what they actually created, essentially it consists of several ions maintaining consistent spacing moving in a superconducting ring. As long as the temperature of the superconductor is maintained, the persistent rotational motion will be maintained. Since no work is being extracted this can be understood as a constant entropy system. However, it is not true perpetual motion, since the constant entropy state must be maintained by keeping the superconductor cool, or below ambient temperature. So if one considers the cooling apparatus, then the system must be viewed as a type of refrigerator.
It is significant in regards to its "perpetual motion", and that it is a many body system. An operation is being performed and the system returns to its original state. It is a technical achievement in that it uses some very advanced technology and proves that stable periodic multiparticle motion is possible in superconducting material.
If one were to be able to create a room temperature superconductor, then the persistent periodic state would be even more interesting.