It's been a long, long time since I've had to worry about electron excitation levels and band gaps. Please forgive (and correct!) my terminology and misconceptions. I've also posted this in the chemistry section since I'm unsure which is the best place to post and my experience with SE is that there's very little crossover between the different subsections.
I've become interested in volumetric displays. In particular I'm looking at a pair of lasers scanning a volume of gas such that the intersection of the lasers would supply enough energy to cause the gas to emit visible light. Since this is the start of my research I would like to investigate a number of gasses in order to determine a number of gasses which might be suitable for this application. I have, however, forgotten how to determine the amount of energy needed to cause an outer shell electron to emit a photon, and then trying to back-calculate the required wavelength(s) and power requirements of the laser emitters.
I'm looking for some information on how to identify the required information for a given gas and how to calculate the energy required to cause visible light emission, and also information on how the wavelength of laser light impacts the ability of the gas to absorb the energy with the intended effect of emitting visible light. Links to introductory texts are always helpful, as are answers which help me get the terminology correct so that I can improve my searches for this information.